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HER Number:MDV3795
Name:Cairn on the north bank of the Blackbrook River south-east of Oakery, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

One of a second group of three cairns on the north bank of the Blackbrook River near Oakery (more southerly than other group). This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 597 740
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Row of six cairns on north bank of Blackbrook River, circa 260 metres downstream of Oakery Bridge

Other References/Statuses

  • Dartmoor Non-designated Heritage Asset: Y
  • National Monuments Record: SX57SE56
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 440192
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/44

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CLEARANCE CAIRN (Constructed, Modern - 1751 AD (Between) to 2013 AD (Between))

Full description

Prowse, A. B., 1901, The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor, 485-488 (Article in Serial). SDV233834.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57SE56 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV271960.

One of a group of 3 cairns. Cairn A consists of a number of very large water worn boulders, almost completely buried in long reed grass. The condition of this cairn is ruinous and much overgrown and it is impossible to give any measurements as the feature lies in outfall from sewage works and whole of surrounding area is swamp.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 151 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Cairn of large stones south-east of Oakery, north of Blackbrook River, measuring 3.0 meters in diameter, and 0.3 meters in height. (Visited 29/5/1976)

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980-1989, SX57SE56 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV271952.

(17/01/1980) Six cairns, shown on plan, in two distinct groups of three about thirty yards apart. The northern group are each about four yards in diameter. The southern group are "slightly smaller". All the cairns are constructed of large, probably water rolled, rounded stones.
Six cairns. Each consists of from eight to fifteen boulders grouped together, with some piled upon other, with diameters from 3.5 metres to 5.5 metres and at most 1.0 metre high. The majority of the stone probably weigh between one and three hundredweight. The cairns are within a few metres of a river bank on an almost stone free marshy terrace, 30.0 metres wide. North-east of the terrace the ground rises although it is still marshy with numerous boulders. Nearer Oakery Bridge, 150 metres to the west, the terrace has more surface stone and two partly made cairns, simply four or five boulders gathered together.
These cairns are accepted by Grinsell but their prehistoric attribution is not really sustained by appearance or situation, and the initial identification by Prowse, who was not discriminating, should be treated with caution. It is possible that the cairns are the result of 19th century clearance. The stones are much weathered but more likely to have been gathered from the terrace than the river. Correctly positioned on OS 1:2500.
(24/04/1989) Centred at SX 59787408. These six cairns are almost certainly 19th century stone heaps. The rounded boulders may be clearance material they might have been collected for a planned newtake wall. Other minor stone heaps lie to the west; none are turf-covered.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 230, Map 65 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Oakery Bridge E. six cairns at SX597740 of between 3.0 to 4.5 metres diameter. These cairns aligned along the north bank some 10 metres from the river are merely collections of casually piled boulders, from a dozen to about thirty and are not prehistoric constructions.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV233834Article in Serial: Prowse, A. B.. 1901. The Antiquities of Ockery and Roundhill, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 33. Unknown. 485-488.
SDV271952Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980-1989. SX57SE56. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV271960Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57SE56. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 151.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 230, Map 65.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #89720 ]
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3796Related to: Cairn on the north bank of the Blackbrook River south-east of Oakery, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV3797Related to: Cairn on the north bank of the Blackbrook River south-east of Oakery, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV3792Related to: Cairn on the north bank of the Blackbrook River south-east of Oakery, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV3793Related to: Cairn on the north bank of the Blackbrook River south-east of Oakery, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV3794Related to: Cairn on the north bank of the Blackbrook River south-east of Oakery, Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8628 - Tor Royal Farm Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Oct 8 2021 2:28PM