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HER Number:MDV3862
Name:Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy

Summary

Devon Great Consolidated Mine worked in the 19th century and including Wheals Maria, Fanny, Anna Maria (Upper and lower dressing floors and arsenic refinery), Josiah, Emma, Thomas/Watson's Mine, Frementor and the 1925 Arsenic Works. A number of earthworks and structures were recorded here from aerial photographs of 1947 during the Tamar Valley NMP project.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 424 734
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
Civil ParishLamerton
Civil ParishSydenham Damerel
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLAMERTON
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Devon Record Office: Plans R 88 A - 4406 M. R. O.
  • National Monuments Record: SX4273/4-16
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX47SW 30
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (Opened, XIX - 1844 AD to 1844 AD)

Full description

Hunt, R., Mineral Statistics (Unknown). SDV241727.


Bedford Estate Office, Plans R 88 A - 4406 M. R. O. (Record Office Collection). SDV241728.

D11 Devon Great Consols. Plans R 88 A - 4406. Copper, arsenic. Mines included Anna Maria, Emma, Fanny, South fanny, Frementor, Jack Thomas, Josiah Maria and Watson's Mine. Abandoned 1925. Other details: Plans R 88 A - 4406 M. R. O..


Phillips, J. A. L., Untitled Source (Article in Serial). SDV241731.


Barclay, A., Untitled Source (Article in Serial). SDV241732.


Unknown, Untitled Source (Unknown). SDV241702.

Devon Great Consols. A rich lode of copper found in Blanchdown Wood high above the River Tamar. Wheal Maria, Wheal Fanny, Wheal Anna Maria, Wheal Josiah and Wheal Emma, known collectively as the Great Devon Consols Mines after May 1846 (previously known as North Bedford and Wheal Maria). The mine at first was worked with one small water wheel to pump out the water. Additional pumping power needed when the lower levels were reached. By 1847 steam engines had been erected. In 1849 it was decided to use mainly water power from the Tamar. Water power used for crushing the ore in the stamps. A railway was built to link the mine with the port of Morwellham, 4 1/2 miles down the Tamar. A tall chimney stack dominating the countryside, the shattered remnants of the reduction works and the huge bare mounds of black and red waste from the ovens remain. Shafts can still be located, very overgrown.


White, W., 1850/1968, White's Devon. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Devonshire (Monograph). SDV6497.


Williams, J., 1862, Cornwall and Devon Mining Directory (Monograph). SDV242424.


Spargo, T., 1864, Mines of Cornwall and Devon (Monograph). SDV242422.


Worth, R. N., 1875, Progress of mining skill on Dartmoor, 209 (Article in Serial). SDV241724.


Worth, R. N., 1875, The Economic Geology of Devon, 224 (Article in Serial). SDV256360.


Symons, A., 1884, Untitled Source (Monograph). SDV241718.


Hunt, R., 1887, British Mining (Monograph). SDV241726.


Collins, J. H., 1895, Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon (Monograph). SDV242421.


Kelly, A., 1910, Untitled Source (Monograph). SDV241719.

Other details: Also 1926 edition.


Collins, J. H., 1912, Observations on the West of England Mining Region (Monograph). SDV323594.


H. M. Stationary Office, 1929, Abandoned Mines (Monograph). SDV215700.


Finberg, H. P. R., 1945, Morwell, 169 (Article in Serial). SDV215737.

The richest of all the copper mines in the Tavistock area.


Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 93 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

Other details: Fig 1.


Hoskins, W. G., 1954, A New Survey of England: Devon, 138-9,486 (Monograph). SDV17562.

Devon Great Consols Mine on land owned by the Duke of Bedford produced copper ore, mundic (iron pyrites) and arsenic. The Devon Great Consols closed down on 31st May 1901 and left a vast broken landscape extending for 2 miles along the Tamar.


Goodridge, T. C., 1964, Devon Great Consols: a study of Victorian living, 228-68 (Article in Serial). SDV241713.

Other details: Plates 20-22.


Brooke, J., 1965 - 1967, New light on Devon Great Consols, 183-4 (Article in Serial). SDV241704.

Early history of the mine discussed with reference to some contemporary documents.


Booker, F., 1967, Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley, 143-77 (Monograph). SDV240774.

Devon Great Consols mine was the richest copper mine in Europe for almost twenty years and when its lodes began to fail it went on to produce arsenic in vast quantities. It was the only mine in Devon and Cornwall to build its own standard guage railway and its own foundry produced steam engines and water wheels used for pumping and crushing ore. The mine finally closed in 1903 although intermittent working continued until 1940. The last mineral material to be obtained from Devon Great Consols was a quantity of ochre for paint manufacture obtained during World War II from the mine's main drainage adit.


Minchinton, W. E., 1973, Industrial Archaeology in Devon, 28 (Monograph). SDV7016.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX47SW30 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV241721.

Devon Great Consols Mine (Copper & Arsenic, Disused).
Devon Great Consols Mine, was opened in 1844. By 1878 it had produced over 622,000 tons of copper and 76,000 tons of arsenic. In the 1880s production concentrated on arsenic. The mines extended over 160 acres and were among the largest and richest copper mines in the world. This mine was the only one in the district with its own railway system. It closed in 1901. Little of this vast enterprise survives. Heaps of waste and the ruins of the arsenic plant cover a wide area but little else remains. (Industrial Archaeology in Devon, W Minchinton 1976)


Griffith, F. M., 1985, DAP/FI, 12,12A (Aerial Photograph). SDV241736.


Dixon, T. + Matthews, A. + Pye A. R. + Slater, W. D., 1988, Gawton Mine and Arsenic Works. The Field Survey. 1988 (Report - Survey). SDV222516.


Weddell, P. J. + Pye, A. R., 1989, Gawton Mine and Arsenic Works: The Documentary Research 1988 (Report - non-specific). SDV263249.

At Frementor Mine quartz with wolfram and tin lie nearest the walls followed by mispickel and chalcopyrite, then quartz with fluorspar, and some copper in the centre. At Devon Great Consols the Great Lode was lined with mispickel, while the centre was infilled with chalcopyrite, and a similar development also occurs in Holnthiish.

During the 19th-century mining boom the river Tamar was obviously a very busy thoroughfare and Gawton Quay was already handling the ores of Wheal Maria (Devon Great Consols), for example, in 1844.


Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock, 79-111 (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

Small scale prospecting took place in the mid-18C but extensive working began only in 1844 when the 18C shaft (Gards Shaft) was widened and deepened. The mine was named Wheal Maria. Four further mines opened as the copper lode was pursued eastwards. In the late 1860s - early 1870s copper prices fell. To offset this the company invested in arsenic production. Arsenic works constructed near Wheal Anna Maria in 1866-7 (see PRN 3873). Most mining ceased in 1902, although copper-precipitating works operated until c1940. However, in 1915 upper levels of Wheal Fanny and Wheal Frementor reopened. Wheal Fanny ore was transported by tramway to Bedford United Mine for stamping. Arsenic ores were calcined at the Coombe Works at Calstock until 1921, when a small works was constructed at Wheal Anna Maria, just north of its 19C predecessor. By 1923 work re-commenced at Wheal Maria and South Wheal Fanny, but owing to a price slump mining ceased in 1924-25 and only Frementor re-opened later in 1925, continuing production until its final closure in 1930. The area is now chiefly woodland, the waste dumps being quarried for roadstone. Other details: Figs 1-5 + Plates 1-10.


Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N., 1989, The Buildings of England: Devon (Monograph). SDV325629.


Griffith, F. M., 1990, DAP/SD, 14,15 (Aerial Photograph). SDV241751.


Griffith, F. M., 1990, DAP/SE, 1-6 (Aerial Photograph). SDV241752.


Egan, G., 1990, Post-Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1989, 198-200 (Article in Serial). SDV241563.

Inventory made by Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report in 1989. Workings covered 140 acres, reaching depths of over 500 metres. The richest copper mine in Europe in the mid 19th century. Arsenic production began in the 1860s and in 1869 half the world's output came from the mine. All surplus structures except a few cottages were levelled when operations ceased in 1902. Other details: Plan.


Greeves, T. A. P., 1991, An Assessment of Copper Mining in Devon (Copper, Brass, Tin), 1,8,14 (Report - Assessment). SDV60709.

Other details: Copper, brass & tin.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 94-108 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

Copper and arsenic mines comprising, from east to west, Wheal Maria, Wheal Fanny, Wheal Anna Maria, Wheal Josiah and Wheal Emma. Heyday 1844 to 1903. Lesser mine, Wheal Frementor or Fremator was situated to south of Anna Maria. The main lode was 2 miles long, 40 feet wide and at least 1800 feet deep. Initially discovery in 1844 in area that became Wheal Maria. The works closed in 1903 but there was a resurgence from 1915-1921 at Wheal Fanny and Wheal Frementor. A further re-opening occurred from 1922-25 at Wheal Maria, Anna Maria and Fanny. A new arsenic works was built at Anna Maria and infrastructure works constructed such as inclines and extensions to the railway. Most had shut again by 1925 but Frementor was re-opened and worked until 1930. Some surface working for copper continued to the early 1940s.


The Tavistock and District Local History Society, 1994, About Tavistock: An Historical Introduction and Six Town Walks, 12-13 (Monograph). SDV354806.

Devon Great Consols mine was the largest in the area. The mine, at Blanchdown, overlooking the River Tamar, opened in 1844 and in its heyday employed 1200 people.


Nance, R. W. + Nance, R. D., 1996, A Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon, 109-22 (Article in Serial). SDV241746.


Andrew Brown, 1998, Monuments Protection Programme The Non-Ferrous Metals (Tin, Copper, Arsenic and Minor Metals) Industries: Appendix III, Step 4 Report (Report - non-specific). SDV357940.

Early 20th century arsenic works overlying 19th century copper and arsenic mine, well documented and with high survival illustrating the full diversity of features of the technology. Very highly representative of the period in the industry.

A major resource requirement, but use of brick and stone rather than concrete suggests a practicable task, although natural environmental interests may constrain activities. Unsuitable for adaptation, and suitable for low-key public enjoyment and education with caution over arsenical residues. Stratigraphy and residues fragile and vulnerable to visitor pressure and other ground disturbance.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 34 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.


Exeter Archaeology, 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal: Artiscombe Farm, 3 (Report - Assessment). SDV342538.

Group of mines collectively known as Devon Great Consols extending over 160 acres.


Exeter Archaeology, 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal: Higher Artiscombe Farm, 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV342579.


Exeter Archaeology, 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal: Three Oaks Farm, 2 (Report - Assessment). SDV342551.


Buck, C., 1998, Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley, 35 (Report - Assessment). SDV241750.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2001-2002, Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records, RAF/CPE/UK/2149/4193-8 1947 (Interpretation). SDV346287.

An industrial complex of features are visible as a series of structures and earthwork features, including spoil heaps, ditches, banks and cut features on aerial photographs of 1947. The features are associated with copper and arsenic mining.


Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

A monument polygon for the Devon Great Consolidated Mine was created based on the project area from this assessment.


Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 1,4-5,17,239-53 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Integral components of Devon Great Consolidated Mine are Wheal Maria, Wheal Fanny, Wheal Anna Maria (Upper dressing floor), Wheal Anna Maria (Lower dressing floor and arsenic refinery), Wheal Josiah, Wheal Emma, Wheal Thomas/Watson's Mine, Wheal Frementor, the 1925 Arsenic Works. The whole mining site covers 474 hectares and is 3 kilometres from east to west by 3.5 kilometres from north to south and includes the Bedford Mines and part of Wheal Russell Mine to the south. About 45 miles of shafts, levels and winzes were sunk, 33 waterwheels were fed by over 8 miles of leats powering over 4.33 kilometres of flat rods. The Earl of Bradford owns most of the wooded site. Evidence exists for mining from the 18th century with most of the industrial archaeology dating from 1844 to 1978 and includes old mine shafts, adits, spoil heaps, quarries, mine building sites, earthworks and transport infrastructure. The site inventory includes over 400 individual sites within the Devon Great Consols Mine complex and constitutes part of Conwall's bid for World Heritage Site status for the Tamar Valley. Other details: Figs 1-38.


Goodridge, J., 2008, Tamar View, The Horn of Plenty and the Devonshire Great Consolidated Copper Mining Company, 227-244 (Article in Serial). SDV361654.


National Monuments Record, 2009, SX4273/4-16 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV241711.

Devon Great Consols, a copper mine which also produced tin and lead, was formed in 1844 and was originally known as North Bedford Mines or Wheal Maria and comprised a number of mines including Wheal Anna Maria, Wheal Josiah, Wheal Emma, Wheal Frementor and Wheal Watson. In 1846 the Devonshire Great Consolidated Copper Mining Company was formed to work the mine. The mines extended over 160 acres and were among the largest and richest copper mines in the world. Although by 1847 steam engines had been installed at Wheal Maria, Wheal Josiah, Wheal Anna Maria and Wheal Emma. Concerns over the rising cost of fuel for the engines led to plans to dewater workings using water power. Three large leats were constructed to supply the water. One of the leats, Great Leat, powered a 40-foot water-wheel near Blanchdown Farm which pumped water from three shafts at Wheal Maria and Wheal Josiah. The river powered 33 wheels on the mine. In 1870 the mine started to produce arsenic and produced about half the world's supply of arsenic. By 1878 the mine had produced over 622,000 tons of copper and 76,000 tons of arsenic. In the 1880s production concentrated on arsenic. This mine was the only one in the district with its own railway system and the mine employed around 1,300 people. The mine closed in 1903, but in 1915 mining resumed at Wheal Fanny for arsenic and Wheal Frementor for tin and tungsten. Work finally ceased in 1930. Much of the industrial archaeology that survives dates from the early twentieth century working. Other details: Number SX4273/4-16.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2016, Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey (Personal Comment). SDV359374.

A dense concentration of earthwork and structural features have been transcribed and recorded here as part of this survey. These features are associated with the mines that make up the Devon Great Consolidation Mine. However, due to the density of the transcribed features and the complex and extensive nature of the Devon Great Consolidation Mine, as depicted on historic maps, it has not been possible to separate out and attach these features to the many individual mines which are recorded here. Instead, a single monument polygon has been created within this record to encompass the entirety of the Devon Great Consolidation Mine. This extent of area is based on the project area from an assessment in 2002 by Cornwall County Council entitled ‘Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment’.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 213-14, (Monograph). SDV361789.

Wheal Capeltor was on the western edge of what was later to become Devon Great Consols. It was worked from 1802-1811 by John Tayor, apparently at a loss. It was reworked from the late 1840s as Devon Great United Mine, or sometime West Maria and Fortescue.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV17562Monograph: Hoskins, W. G.. 1954. A New Survey of England: Devon. A New Survey of England: Devon. A5 Hardback. 138-9,486.
SDV215700Monograph: H. M. Stationary Office. 1929. Abandoned Mines. Abandoned Mines. Unknown.
SDV215737Article in Serial: Finberg, H. P. R.. 1945. Morwell. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 77. A5 Paperback. 169.
SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume. 79-111.
SDV222516Report - Survey: Dixon, T. + Matthews, A. + Pye A. R. + Slater, W. D.. 1988. Gawton Mine and Arsenic Works. The Field Survey. 1988. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.02. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV240774Monograph: Booker, F.. 1967. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. A5 Hardback. 143-77.
SDV241563Article in Serial: Egan, G.. 1990. Post-Medieval Britain and Ireland in 1989. Post-Medieval Archaeology. 24. Unknown. 198-200.
SDV241702Unknown: Unknown.
SDV241704Article in Serial: Brooke, J.. 1965 - 1967. New light on Devon Great Consols. Devon and Cornwall Notes and Queries. 30. Unknown. 183-4.
SDV241711National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. SX4273/4-16. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV241713Article in Serial: Goodridge, T. C.. 1964. Devon Great Consols: a study of Victorian living. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 96. A5 Hardback. 228-68.
SDV241718Monograph: Symons, A.. 1884. Geology of Cornwall. Unknown.
SDV241719Monograph: Kelly, A.. 1910. Directory of Devon. Unknown.
SDV241721Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX47SW30. OSAD Card. Card Index + Digital.
SDV241724Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1875. Progress of mining skill on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 7. A5 Hardback. 209.
SDV241726Monograph: Hunt, R.. 1887. British Mining. British Mining. Unknown.
SDV241727Unknown: Hunt, R.. Mineral Statistics. Mineral Statistics. Unknown.
SDV241728Record Office Collection: Bedford Estate Office. Plans R 88 A - 4406 M. R. O.. D11 Devon Great Consols. Unknown.
SDV241731Article in Serial: Phillips, J. A. L.. Ore Deposits. Unknown.
SDV241732Article in Serial: Barclay, A.. West Devon Mining. Unknown.
SDV241736Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1985. DAP/FI. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 12,12A.
SDV241746Article in Serial: Nance, R. W. + Nance, R. D.. 1996. A Survey of Engine Houses on the Mines of South Devon. Mining History: Bulletin PDMHS. The Archaeology of Mining and Metallurgy in South-West Britain. 13, Number 2. A4 Paperback. 109-22.
SDV241750Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 1998. Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Bound. 35.
SDV241751Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1990. DAP/SD. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 14,15.
SDV241752Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1990. DAP/SE. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1-6.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 1,4-5,17,239-53. [Mapped feature: #89934 ]
SDV242421Monograph: Collins, J. H.. 1895. Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. Unknown.
SDV242422Monograph: Spargo, T.. 1864. Mines of Cornwall and Devon. Mines of Cornwall and Devon. Unknown.
SDV242424Monograph: Williams, J.. 1862. Cornwall and Devon Mining Directory. Cornwall and Devon Mining Directory. Unknown.
SDV256360Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1875. The Economic Geology of Devon. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 7. Unknown. 224.
SDV263249Report - non-specific: Weddell, P. J. + Pye, A. R.. 1989. Gawton Mine and Arsenic Works: The Documentary Research 1988. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.01. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 34.
SDV323594Monograph: Collins, J. H.. 1912. Observations on the West of England Mining Region. Observations on the West of England Mining Region. Unknown.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 94-108.
SDV325629Monograph: Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N.. 1989. The Buildings of England: Devon. The Buildings of England: Devon. Hardback Volume.
SDV342538Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal: Artiscombe Farm. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.21. A4 Stapled + Digital. 3.
SDV342551Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal: Three Oaks Farm. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.23. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
SDV342579Report - Assessment: Exeter Archaeology. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal: Higher Artiscombe Farm. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.22. A4 Stapled + Digital. 2.
SDV346287Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2001-2002. Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records. National Mapping Programme. Map (Digital). RAF/CPE/UK/2149/4193-8 1947.
SDV354806Monograph: The Tavistock and District Local History Society. 1994. About Tavistock: An Historical Introduction and Six Town Walks. About Tavistock: An Historical Introduction and Six Town Walks. A5 Paperback. 12-13.
SDV357940Report - non-specific: Andrew Brown. 1998. Monuments Protection Programme The Non-Ferrous Metals (Tin, Copper, Arsenic and Minor Metals) Industries: Appendix III, Step 4 Report. Monument Protection Programme. A4 Unbound.
SDV359374Personal Comment: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2016. Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey. Not Applicable.
SDV361654Article in Serial: Goodridge, J.. 2008. Tamar View, The Horn of Plenty and the Devonshire Great Consolidated Copper Mining Company. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 140. Paperback Volume. 227-244.
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 213-14,.
SDV60709Report - Assessment: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1991. An Assessment of Copper Mining in Devon (Copper, Brass, Tin). A4 Stapled + Digital. 1,8,14.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 93.
SDV6497Monograph: White, W.. 1850/1968. White's Devon. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Devonshire. white's Devon. History, Gazetteer and Directory of Devonshire. Hardback Volume.
SDV7016Monograph: Minchinton, W. E.. 1973. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Industrial Archaeology in Devon. Paperback Volume. 28.

Associated Monuments

MDV56097Parent of: Wheal Emma, Powder Magazines (Monument)
MDV71585Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Shafts & Adits (Monument)
MDV42209Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV51109Parent of: AQUEDUCT in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV37330Parent of: Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Gulworthy (Building)
MDV71343Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Adit (Monument)
MDV71345Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Adit (Monument)
MDV71469Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Adit (Monument)
MDV71552Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Adit (Monument)
MDV56114Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Blanchdown Adit (Monument)
MDV71603Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Building (Monument)
MDV56109Parent of: Devon Great Consols, 'Great Leat' (Monument)
MDV71602Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Higher Copper Works (Monument)
MDV71363Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Incline Railway Line (Monument)
MDV56107Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Leat & Tramline (Monument)
MDV56111Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Leat (Monument)
MDV56112Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Leat (Monument)
MDV71337Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Leat (Monument)
MDV71533Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Leat (Monument)
MDV71320Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Leats (Monument)
MDV71479Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Lode Back Pits (Monument)
MDV71346Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Pits (Monument)
MDV71513Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Pits (Monument)
MDV71604Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Ponds & Leats (Monument)
MDV71347Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Ponds (Monument)
MDV42206Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Precipitation & Ochre Works (Monument)
MDV71605Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Precipitation Tank (Monument)
MDV71468Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Prospecting Pits (Monument)
MDV71616Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Prospecting Pits (Monument)
MDV71617Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Prospecting Pits (Monument)
MDV71618Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Prospecting Pits (Monument)
MDV71587Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Quarry Pits (Monument)
MDV3880Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Railway (Monument)
MDV3880Related to: Devon Great Consols, Railway (Monument)
MDV71348Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV56108Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Rubbytown Leat (Monument)
MDV71588Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Shafts & Adit (Monument)
MDV56102Parent of: Devon Great Consols, South Wheal Fanny Mine (Monument)
MDV56091Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Twin Water Wheels (Monument)
MDV56088Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Two Water Wheels (Monument)
MDV3873Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Anna Maria (Monument)
MDV3878Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Emma (Monument)
MDV3870Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Fanny (Monument)
MDV42210Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Frementor (Monument)
MDV3874Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Josiah (Monument)
MDV42207Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Maria (Monument)
MDV3868Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Thomas/Watson (Monument)
MDV3889Parent of: Devon Great United Mine (Monument)
MDV59101Parent of: Shaft south of Higher Artiscombe Farmstead (Monument)
MDV59101Related to: Shaft south of Higher Artiscombe Farmstead (Monument)
MDV71484Parent of: South Fanny, Lode Back Pits (Monument)
MDV71487Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Adit (Monument)
MDV71558Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Adit (Monument)
MDV71557Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Adits (Monument)
MDV71583Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Building (Monument)
MDV71580Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Copper Precipitation Trenches (Monument)
MDV51113Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV56105Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Flat Rod System (Monument)
MDV71577Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Leat (Monument)
MDV71488Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Leats (Monument)
MDV71553Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Lower Precipitation Works (Monument)
MDV71576Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71584Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71581Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Possible Shaft (Monument)
MDV56103Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71579Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Shafts (Monument)
MDV56104Parent of: South Wheal Fanny, Water Wheel (Monument)
MDV37323Parent of: WALL in the Parish of Gulworthy (Building)
MDV37317Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria Houses (Building)
MDV3865Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 19th Century Arsenic Works (Monument)
MDV56083Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 20C Arsenic Works, Chimney (Building)
MDV56106Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71429Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71453Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71481Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit Shaft (Monument)
MDV71485Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Aqueduct (Monument)
MDV3871Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Blackwall's Shaft (Monument)
MDV71467Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Building)
MDV71364Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71428Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71430Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71471Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71472Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71374Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71425Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71452Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71455Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71375Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Cottages (Monument)
MDV71423Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine House (Monument)
MDV71371Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine House Complex (Monument)
MDV51099Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV3877Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Field Shaft (Monument)
MDV56089Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Flatrod Gully (Monument)
MDV71376Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Foundry (Monument)
MDV71372Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, House (Monument)
MDV71367Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71368Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71427Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71473Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71477Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 'Lower' Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV71424Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Pond (Monument)
MDV71370Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71601Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Ponds, Spoil Heap & Tunnels (Monument)
MDV71373Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Railway (Monument)
MDV71355Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71358Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71365Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71377Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71478Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71480Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir Ponds (Monument)
MDV71356Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56115Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV71354Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV71482Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV71366Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heaps & Reservoir (Monument)
MDV56084Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 'Upper' Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV71503Parent of: Wheal Emma, Adits (Monument)
MDV71511Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes' Shaft Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV3872Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (new) Shaft (Monument)
MDV51100Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (old) Shaft (Monument)
MDV71537Parent of: Wheal Emma, Bridge Base (Monument)
MDV71501Parent of: Wheal Emma, Building (Monument)
MDV71538Parent of: Wheal Emma, Building (Monument)
MDV71536Parent of: Wheal Emma, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71546Parent of: Wheal Emma, Buildings (Monument)
MDV56087Parent of: Wheal Emma, Counthouse Shaft (Monument)
MDV71504Parent of: Wheal Emma, Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV56095Parent of: Wheal Emma, Engine House & Boiler House (Monument)
MDV71543Parent of: Wheal Emma, Engine House, Boiler House & Chimney (Monument)
MDV71534Parent of: Wheal Emma, Flat Rod Tower (Monument)
MDV3875Parent of: Wheal Emma, Incline Shaft (Monument)
MDV56092Parent of: Wheal Emma, New Shaft (Monument)
MDV56086Parent of: Wheal Emma, Path Shaft (Monument)
MDV71545Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond & Leat (Monument)
MDV71539Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond (Monument)
MDV71541Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond (Monument)
MDV71547Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond (Monument)
MDV42208Parent of: Wheal Emma, Ponds (Monument)
MDV3869Parent of: Wheal Emma, Railway Shaft (Monument)
MDV71532Parent of: Wheal Emma, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71535Parent of: Wheal Emma, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71542Parent of: Wheal Emma, Settling Ponds (Monument)
MDV71502Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft & Adits (Monument)
MDV56094Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56098Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56099Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56096Parent of: Wheal Emma, Smithy (Monument)
MDV56093Parent of: Wheal Emma, Thomas' Shaft & Engine House (Monument)
MDV71540Parent of: Wheal Emma, Tramways (Monument)
MDV71544Parent of: Wheal Emma, Tramways (Monument)
MDV71330Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Building (Monument)
MDV71351Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Buildings (Monument)
MDV37322Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Count House, Tree View (Building)
MDV71327Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Dressing Floor & Buddles (Monument)
MDV71329Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Dressing Floor Buildings (Monument)
MDV51092Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Eastern Shaft (Monument)
MDV71350Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Garden (Monument)
MDV71349Parent of: Wheal Fanny, House (Monument)
MDV37321Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Mine Captain's House, Woodland View (Building)
MDV71323Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Openwork (Monument)
MDV71339Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71338Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Reservoirs & Leats (Monument)
MDV71321Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Settling Tanks & Trenches (Monument)
MDV71328Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Shaft & Adit (Monument)
MDV71322Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Shafts (Monument)
MDV71352Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Tunnel (Monument)
MDV51091Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Ventilation Shaft (Monument)
MDV51112Parent of: Wheal Fanny, Western Shaft (Monument)
MDV71470Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Adit (Monument)
MDV56110Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Adits (Monument)
MDV71598Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV71596Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Openwork (Monument)
MDV71600Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Shaft & Pits (Monument)
MDV71597Parent of: Wheal Frementor, Shafts (Monument)
MDV37316Parent of: Wheal Josiah Cottages (Building)
MDV71489Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Building (Monument)
MDV3864Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Buildings & School (Monument)
MDV71498Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Dressing Floor, Buddles & Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71380Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Engine House (Monument)
MDV56090Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV71530Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Hawkmoor House (Monument)
MDV51116Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Hitchins's Shaft (Monument)
MDV71492Parent of: Wheal Josiah, House (Monument)
MDV71422Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Leat (Monument)
MDV71496Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Leat (Monument)
MDV56085Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Magazine (Monument)
MDV71421Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Pond (Monument)
MDV71420Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Railway Lines (Monument)
MDV71490Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV3867Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Richard's Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV3863Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Sawmill (Monument)
MDV71379Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71381Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71607Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71529Parent of: Wheal Josiah, Track (Monument)
MDV37326Parent of: Wheal Maria Cottages Nos 1-20 (Building)
MDV37327Parent of: Wheal Maria Farm (Building)
MDV71285Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit & Settling Pond (Monument)
MDV71268Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71283Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71297Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71277Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit Shaft (Monument)
MDV71295Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adits & Leats (Monument)
MDV71314Parent of: Wheal Maria, Buddles (Monument)
MDV71288Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71298Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71300Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71303Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71310Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71280Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building and Yard (Monument)
MDV56081Parent of: Wheal Maria, Castle Shaft (Monument)
MDV37325Parent of: Wheal Maria, Count House, Nos 23 and 24 (Building)
MDV71308Parent of: Wheal Maria, Culvert (Monument)
MDV71316Parent of: Wheal Maria, Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV71305Parent of: Wheal Maria, Engine House (Monument)
MDV56079Parent of: Wheal Maria, Foundry (Monument)
MDV3876Parent of: Wheal Maria, Gard's Shaft (Monument)
MDV71318Parent of: Wheal Maria, House, Outbuilding, Pond & Leat (Monument)
MDV71267Parent of: Wheal Maria, Lode Back Pits (Monument)
MDV56080Parent of: Wheal Maria, Morris' Shaft (Monument)
MDV71282Parent of: Wheal Maria, Old Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV71304Parent of: Wheal Maria, Pit (Monument)
MDV71309Parent of: Wheal Maria, Pit (Monument)
MDV71306Parent of: Wheal Maria, Pits (Monument)
MDV71278Parent of: Wheal Maria, Platform (Monument)
MDV71312Parent of: Wheal Maria, Platform (Monument)
MDV71311Parent of: Wheal Maria, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71313Parent of: Wheal Maria, Powder House (Monument)
MDV71296Parent of: Wheal Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71302Parent of: Wheal Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71317Parent of: Wheal Maria, Settling Ponds (Monument)
MDV71315Parent of: Wheal Maria, Settling Tanks (Monument)
MDV71307Parent of: Wheal Maria, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71299Parent of: Wheal Maria, Spoilheaps (Monument)
MDV71426Parent of: Wheal Maria, Stables (Monument)
MDV56082Parent of: Wheal Maria, Three Shafts (Monument)
MDV71291Parent of: Wheal Maria, Wheelpit (Monument)
MDV71548Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Adit (Monument)
MDV51108Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Bawden's Shaft (Monument)
MDV71610Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Building (Monument)
MDV56100Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Eastern Shaft & Pits (Monument)
MDV71615Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV71613Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Flat Rod Cuttings (Monument)
MDV56113Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Leats (Monument)
MDV3883Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Plunger Shaft (Monument)
MDV71549Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Quarry (Monument)
MDV71612Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Shaft & Adit (Monument)
MDV71550Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71611Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Water Wheel Pit (Monument)
MDV3890Parent of: Wheal Thomas/Watson, Watson's Shaft (Monument)
MDV64319Related to: BRIDGE in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71281Related to: BRIDGE in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71582Related to: BUILDING in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV72844Related to: Devon Great Consols Railway, Inclined Plane (Monument)
MDV71614Related to: Devon Great Consols, Charcoal Burning Platforms (Monument)
MDV71609Related to: Devon Great Consols, Leats (Monument)
MDV3880Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Railway (Monument)
MDV3880Related to: Devon Great Consols, Railway (Monument)
MDV3888Related to: Ding Dong Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV3887Related to: Luscombe Mine (Monument)
MDV71301Related to: OUTBUILDING in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV51093Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV51110Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV56116Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71509Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71512Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71608Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV59101Parent of: Shaft south of Higher Artiscombe Farmstead (Monument)
MDV59101Related to: Shaft south of Higher Artiscombe Farmstead (Monument)
MDV22883Related to: South Bedford Copper Mine (Monument)
MDV16802Related to: South Wheal Luscombe Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV3879Related to: Tavistock Canal, Western Section (Monument)
MDV71483Related to: Wheal Anna Maria, Quarry (Monument)
MDV71510Related to: Wheal Emma, Building (Monument)
MDV71493Related to: Wheal Josiah, Leat (Monument)
MDV22886Related to: Wheal Russell Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1163 - Preliminary assessment of industrial sites of archaeological importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1165 - Gawton mine and arsenic works: documentary research
  • EDV1170 - Gawton mine and arsenic works: field survey
  • EDV1171 - Objective 5b: Lower Tamar Valley: Three Oaks Farm
  • EDV1174 - Preliminary assessment of sites of archaeological importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1177 - Objective 5b: Lower Tamar Valley: cultural heritage appraisal
  • EDV1178 - Devon Great Consols: archaeological assessment
  • EDV1445 - Lower Tamar Valley Heritage Appraisal: Artiscombe Farm
  • EDV1446 - Lower Tamar Valley Heritage Appraisal: Higher Artiscombe Farm
  • EDV5333 - Impact Assessment Report on Devon Great Consols Mine
  • EDV5334 - Impact Assessment of the Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine
  • EDV5336 - Structural Appraisal of the Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine
  • EDV5407 - Surface Reconnaissance Inspection at Devon Great Consols and Bedford United Mines
  • EDV5535 - Walkover Reconnaissance Inspection, Devon Great Consols and Bedford United Mines
  • EDV5662 - Archaeological Appraisal of 2 Rock View, Devon Great Consols
  • EDV6006 - Archaeological Monitoring and Recording at 2 Rock View, Devon Consols
  • EDV6911 - Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Apr 10 2019 12:04PM