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HER Number:MDV3873
Name:Devon Great Consols, Wheal Anna Maria

Summary

Wheal Anna Maria mine at Devon Great Consols included 19C copper processing & two large arsenic works

Location

Grid Reference:SX 426 733
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/5

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1907, 105 SW (Cartographic). SDV276342.

'Wheal Anna Maria (Copper and Arsenic, Disused)' marked on OS 6" (1907) map.

Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 88 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

Other details: Fig 1.

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.
Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t., 1989, An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets, 19 (Report - Survey). SDV226597.

A12 Anna Maria. Part of Devon Great Consols ltd. Surveyed by Exeter Museum Field Archaeology Unit in 1989. Little survives of Anna Maria and associated 19C arsenic works except occasional scrappy segments of low demolished walling, short lengths of demolished flue, Wheal Anna Maria Houses and 2 pairs of cottages (at SX42657335 and SX42707368).

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock,, 79-111 (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

Other details: Fig 1.

Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 94-108 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

The main arsenic works of the Devon Great Consols Mine complex were sited at Wheal Anna Maria.

Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 35 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.

Buck, C., 1998, Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley, 38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241750.

Low segments of walling and short lengths of flue are only remnants of the c8 acre 1870's arsenic refinery.

Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 9-11+Figs 9-12,15,38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Wheal Anna Maria mine at Devon Great Consols was named after the Duchess of Bedford & began in 1845. New dressing floors were added in 1848 & a water wheel in 1851. Both the late 19C & the 1920's arsenic works replaced many of the the earlier buildings. Wheal Anna Maria (Upper) incorporated the earlier features while Wheal Anna Maria (Lower) consisted mainly of the two large arsenic works.

Buck, C., 2009, Devon Great Consols Mine (Arsenic Works), Devon. Impact Assessment Report, 4-5, 20-24 (Report - Assessment). SDV347875.

Remains of the original foundation masonry for the 1860s copper crusher, steam engine and boiler house lie between the 1920s arsenic mill and bottle furnace. The site of the wheel pit for the original waterwheel is believed to be to the south-east, infilled and no longer visible above ground. Other details: Figures 3-4, 6-7.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock,. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume. 79-111.
SDV226597Report - Survey: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T. Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t.. 1989. An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.08. A4 Stapled + Digital. 19.
SDV241750Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 1998. Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Bound. 38.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 9-11+Figs 9-12,15,38.
SDV276342Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 105 SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 35.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 94-108.
SDV347875Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2009. Devon Great Consols Mine (Arsenic Works), Devon. Impact Assessment Report. Historic Environment Projects, Cornwall Council Report. 2009R058. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4-5, 20-24.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 88.

Associated Monuments

MDV37330Parent of: Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Gulworthy (Building)
MDV71363Parent of: Devon Great Consols, Incline Railway Line (Monument)
MDV37317Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria Houses (Building)
MDV3865Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 19th Century Arsenic Works (Monument)
MDV56083Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 20C Arsenic Works, Chimney (Building)
MDV56106Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71453Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71481Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Adit Shaft (Monument)
MDV71485Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Aqueduct (Monument)
MDV3871Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Blackwall's Shaft (Monument)
MDV71467Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Building)
MDV71364Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71428Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71430Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71471Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71472Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71374Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71425Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71452Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71455Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71375Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Cottages (Monument)
MDV71423Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine House (Monument)
MDV71371Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine House Complex (Monument)
MDV51099Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV3877Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Field Shaft (Monument)
MDV56089Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Flatrod Gully (Monument)
MDV71376Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Foundry (Monument)
MDV71372Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, House (Monument)
MDV71367Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71368Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71427Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71473Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Leat (Monument)
MDV71477Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 'Lower' Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV71424Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Pond (Monument)
MDV71370Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71601Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Ponds, Spoil Heap & Tunnels (Monument)
MDV71373Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Railway (Monument)
MDV71355Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71358Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71365Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71377Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71478Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71480Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Reservoir Ponds (Monument)
MDV71357Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Settling Ponds (Monument)
MDV71356Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56115Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV71354Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV71482Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heap (Monument)
MDV71366Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, Spoil Heaps & Reservoir (Monument)
MDV56084Parent of: Wheal Anna Maria, 'Upper' Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV80875Parent of: Wheel Pit, Wheal Anna Maria (Monument)
MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV126625Related to: Arsenic condensers, Devon Great Consols (Monument)
MDV56107Related to: Devon Great Consols, Leat & Tramline (Monument)
MDV3880Related to: Devon Great Consols, Railway (Monument)
MDV56088Related to: Devon Great Consols, Two Water Wheels (Monument)
MDV42210Related to: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Frementor (Monument)
MDV51114Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV51115Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71483Related to: Wheal Anna Maria, Quarry (Monument)
MDV71352Related to: Wheal Fanny, Tunnel (Monument)
MDV71529Related to: Wheal Josiah, Track (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1470 - An Archaeological Survey of Arsenic Works & other Works at Devon Great Consols
  • EDV1471 - Preliminary Assessment of Industrial Sites of Archaeological Importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1472 - Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley: Cultural Heritage Appraisal
  • EDV1473 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment
  • EDV5334 - Impact Assessment of the Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine
  • EDV740 - Unnamed Event
  • EDV5336 - Structural Appraisal of the Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine

Date Last Edited:Oct 10 2019 2:26PM