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HER Number:MDV3876
Name:Wheal Maria, Gard's Shaft


Gard's Shaft was the first shaft at Wheal Maria mine which was part of Devon Great Consols


Grid Reference:SX 417 739
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/1/2

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SHAFT (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1884, 105SW (Cartographic). SDV218129.

Ordnance Survey, 1907, 105 SW (Cartographic). SDV276342.

G1 Gard's, part of Devon Great Consols. Gard's shaft marked on OS 6" (1907) map.

Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 95 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

Other details: Fig 1.

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock, 81 (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

The shaft where copper ore was first discovered, in 1844, was named Gard's Shaft and became part of Wheal Maria, one of the principal elements of Great Consols.

Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Gard's Shaft marks where ore was first discovered at the Main Lode of Wheal Maria in 1844 & is shown on the 19C maps. The survey found the shaft sited in an elongated depression c5m x 5m x 0.7m deep with spoil heaps & a granite marker post.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV218129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1884. 105SW. 6".
SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume. 81.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4.
Linked documents:1
SDV276342Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 105 SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 95.

Associated Monuments

MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV42207Part of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Maria (Monument)
MDV71305Related to: Wheal Maria, Engine House (Monument)
MDV56080Related to: Wheal Maria, Morris' Shaft (Monument)
MDV71291Related to: Wheal Maria, Wheelpit (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1239 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:May 4 2006 11:15AM