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HER Number:MDV3878
Name:Devon Great Consols, Wheal Emma

Summary

The Devon Great Consols mine was extended to Wheal Emma in 1847 with shafts extending from Agnes Shaft in the west to Incline Shaft in the east

Location

Grid Reference:SX 439 737
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/13

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XIX to XX - 1801 AD to 2000 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1884, 105SW (Cartographic). SDV218129.

'Wheal Emma (Copper & Arsenic)' marked on OS 6" (1884) map.


Ordnance Survey, 1907, 105 SW (Cartographic). SDV276342.


Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 94 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

E6 Emma, part of Devon Great Consols. Other details: Fig 1.


Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.
Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t., 1989, An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets, 20 (Report - Survey). SDV226597.


Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock, 79-111 (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

Other details: Figs 1 and 2.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 94-108 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

Wheal Emma. Made up of Railway, New, Incline, Thomas and Eastern Shafts. Not referred to amongst those workings that reopened after the 1903 closure. Other details: Fig 17.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 36 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.


Buck, C., 1998, Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley, 40 (Report - Assessment). SDV241750.

The cylinder bedstone and a wall remain at the Winder Engine site (both shafts are not visible at surface) at the bottom of the incline. The engine house complex at the top has been mostly destroyed, leaving a few ancillary buildings (now roofless). The lower wall remnants of the stamping/crusher engine house are visible in the undergrowth and the site's reservoir pond. There are 2 shafts s of the engine house, one open, the other choked. Parallel to the well preserved incline route is a large mine spoil dump. Settling ponds and winding tower below Agnes Shaft, and perhaps toxic tanks at Blanchdown. Engine house remnants all in wooded areas and have overgrowth covering the building and area. Large part of top engine house site has been built over by modern farm buildings. Reservoir sites appear to be well preserved.


Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 6,9, Figs 4,7,8,10,22,38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

The Devon Great Consols mine was extended to Wheal Emma in 1847. Wheal Emma was the most easterly section of Devon Great Consols containing four lodes known as North, Main, South & New South with many shafts extending from Agnes Shaft in the west to Incline Shaft in the east.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV218129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1884. 105SW. 6".
SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume. 79-111.
SDV226597Report - Survey: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T. Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t.. 1989. An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.08. A4 Stapled + Digital. 20.
SDV241750Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 1998. Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Bound. 40.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 6,9, Figs 4,7,8,10,22,38.
SDV276342Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 105 SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 36.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 94-108.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 94.

Associated Monuments

MDV56097Parent of: Wheal Emma, Powder Magazines (Monument)
MDV77909Parent of: Chimney, New Shaft, Wheal Emma (Monument)
MDV77910Parent of: Raised Tramway, New Shaft, Wheal Emma (Monument)
MDV71503Parent of: Wheal Emma, Adits (Monument)
MDV71531Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes Shaft Dressing Area (Monument)
MDV71511Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes' Shaft Flat Rod Cutting (Monument)
MDV3872Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (new) Shaft (Monument)
MDV51100Parent of: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (old) Shaft (Monument)
MDV71537Parent of: Wheal Emma, Bridge Base (Monument)
MDV71501Parent of: Wheal Emma, Building (Monument)
MDV71538Parent of: Wheal Emma, Building (Monument)
MDV71536Parent of: Wheal Emma, Buildings (Monument)
MDV71546Parent of: Wheal Emma, Buildings (Monument)
MDV56087Parent of: Wheal Emma, Counthouse Shaft (Monument)
MDV71504Parent of: Wheal Emma, Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV56095Parent of: Wheal Emma, Engine House & Boiler House (Monument)
MDV71543Parent of: Wheal Emma, Engine House, Boiler House & Chimney (Monument)
MDV71534Parent of: Wheal Emma, Flat Rod Tower (Monument)
MDV3875Parent of: Wheal Emma, Incline Shaft (Monument)
MDV56092Parent of: Wheal Emma, New Shaft (Monument)
MDV56086Parent of: Wheal Emma, Path Shaft (Monument)
MDV71545Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond & Leat (Monument)
MDV71539Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond (Monument)
MDV71541Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond (Monument)
MDV71547Parent of: Wheal Emma, Pond (Monument)
MDV42208Parent of: Wheal Emma, Ponds (Monument)
MDV3869Parent of: Wheal Emma, Railway Shaft (Monument)
MDV71532Parent of: Wheal Emma, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71535Parent of: Wheal Emma, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71500Parent of: Wheal Emma, Reservoir, Aqueduct and Wheelpit (Monument)
MDV71542Parent of: Wheal Emma, Settling Ponds (Monument)
MDV71502Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft & Adits (Monument)
MDV56094Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56098Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56099Parent of: Wheal Emma, Shaft (Monument)
MDV56096Parent of: Wheal Emma, Smithy (Monument)
MDV56093Parent of: Wheal Emma, Thomas' Shaft & Engine House (Monument)
MDV71540Parent of: Wheal Emma, Tramways (Monument)
MDV71544Parent of: Wheal Emma, Tramways (Monument)
MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71509Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71510Related to: Wheal Emma, Building (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1781 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment
  • EDV1782 - Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaeological Importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1783 - Preliminary Assessment of Industrial Sites of Archaeological Importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1784 - Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Initiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal
  • EDV1785 - An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works & Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols
  • EDV748 - Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaeological Importance in the Tamar Valley

Date Last Edited:Mar 10 2014 8:08AM