HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV39601
Name:Fort Bovisand coastal battery, Wembury

Summary

Coastal battery at Fort Bovisand with Second World War gun positions overlying earlier 19th century ones. The Second World War emplacements are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards, and the earlier ones are partially visible as curvilinear structures on top of the original casemated battery building.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 487 506
Map Sheet:SX45SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWembury
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishPLYMSTOCK

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 437584
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX45SE/18/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • COAST ARTILLERY BATTERY (XIX to World War II - 1860 AD to 1943 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2105, RAF/CPE/UK/2105 RP 3138-3139 28-MAY-1947 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351151.

Curvilinear low structures are visible.

Royal Air Force, 1958, RAF 58/2546, RAF/58/2546/PSFO-P1-0376 26-AUG-1958 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351257.

Curvilinear low structures are visible, sloping downwards on the seaward side.

Guy, J., 1990, List of Coastal Batteries (Un-published). SDV15882.

Site of coastal battery at Bovisand. Armed with four12 pounder guns, six 6 pounder guns and two twin 6 pounder guns.

Pye, A., 1992, Plymouth Fortress Survey (Report - non-specific). SDV167755.

Roof level structures at Fort Bovisand include two twin 6 pounder gun positions. Both overlie circa 1901 6 pounder positions and are surrounded on three sides by contemporary single storey buildings with a concrete tower to the rear. The buildings are of brick and concrete construction. One is now used as a café. Beyond the northern emplacement is a concrete structure which may be a Second World War Royal Observer Corps post. Other details: Copy and plans in HER.

Dobinson, C. S., 1996, Coastal artillery, 1900-56 VI.1 & VI.2, 277 (Report - non-specific). SDV323777.

Site of coastal battery at Bovisand Fort, Plymouth. Armament changed over time; 1 December 1902 fourteen 10 inch Rifled Muzzle-Loaders, 1 April1914 four 12 pounder Quick Firing, 13 October 1941 three 12 pounder Quick Firing, 13 March 1942 one 12 pounder Quick Firing and by 1942 two 6 pounders. Manned during the Second World War by 566 Regiment, 137 Bty.

Pye, A. + Woodward, F., 1996, The Historic Defences of Plymouth, 210-214 (Monograph). SDV167752.

Bovisand was one of two casemated coastal batteries proposed in the Royal Commission Report of 1860 to cover the entrances to the Breakwater. It covered the east entrance while Picklecombe Fort in Cornwall covered the west. The battery was completed in 1869. The main structure survives complete, although most of the casemates and magazines have been adapted for other uses. Gun emplacements on the roof of the casemates belong to later batteries. Battery B comprised three pairs of Hotchkiss 6 pounder QF guns mounted 1885 until 1893. Battery C comprised two twin 6 pounder QF guns mounted in 1942, positioned to defend against motor torpedo boards using the east entrance to the Sound and replaced Staddon Point Battery B. The guns were removed in 1957. The emplacements survive complete with their observation towers and adjoining shelters. A glass-roofed building to the west may have been an observer post. The emplacements have now been converted to other uses.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX4850 15-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear low structures are visible.

Historic England, 2014, NMR 29059, NMR 29059_026 13-JUN-2014 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363262.

Curvilinear low structures are visible, sloping downwards on the seaward side.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

The original mid-19th century casemated battery building is visible on aerial photographs taken from the 1940s onwards. Later gun emplacements on the roof are also visible, including the low curvilinear structures sloping downwards on their seaward side at the eastern end. These are the surviving late-19th century emplacements that were not obscured or destroyed by subsequent Second World War emplacements (which have been separately recorded as MDV71923 and MDV71924).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV15882Un-published: Guy, J.. 1990. List of Coastal Batteries. Typescript.
SDV167752Monograph: Pye, A. + Woodward, F.. 1996. The Historic Defences of Plymouth. The Historic Defences of Plymouth. A4 Paperback. 210-214.
SDV167755Report - non-specific: Pye, A.. 1992. Plymouth Fortress Survey. A4 Unbound.
SDV323777Report - non-specific: Dobinson, C. S.. 1996. Coastal artillery, 1900-56 VI.1 & VI.2. Twentieth Century Fortifications in England. VI.1 & VI.2. A4 Stapled + Digital. 277.
SDV351151Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2105. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/CPE/UK/2105 RP 3138-3139 28-MAY-1947.
SDV351257Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1958. RAF 58/2546. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/2546/PSFO-P1-0376 26-AUG-1958.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX4850 15-MAY-2016.
SDV363262Aerial Photograph: Historic England. 2014. NMR 29059. Historic England Aerial Photograph. Digital. NMR 29059_026 13-JUN-2014.

Associated Monuments

MDV71923Parent of: Second World War Gun Emplacement at Bovisand Fort, Wembury (Monument)
MDV71924Parent of: Second World War gun emplacement at Fort Bovisand, Wembury (Monument)
MDV48734Related to: Searchlight Emplacement at Fort Bovisand, Wembury (Monument)
MDV48735Related to: Searchlight Emplacement at Fort Bovisand, Wembury (Monument)
MDV48736Related to: Searchlight Emplacement at Fort Bovisand, Wembury (Monument)
MDV48733Related to: Searchlight Emplacement south of Fort Bovisand, Wembury (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4534 - Survey of Fort Bovisand
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Oct 22 2019 11:27AM