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HER Number:MDV3983
Name:Brisworthy Stone Circle, Sheepstor

Summary

The Brisworthy stone circle was re-erected in 1909 and measures 27 metres by 24 metres in diameter and consists of twenty-four stones from 0.3 metres to 1.4 metres in height and from 0.6 metres to 0.9 metres in width. May have originally been up to forty-two stones; the present gaps on the south side are probably the result of robbing during the building of the enclosure wall to the south.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 564 654
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE64
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438683
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/5
  • Old SAM County Ref: 320
  • Old SAM Ref: 10594

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE CIRCLE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1895, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor: Part 4, 440-441 (Article in Serial). SDV273221.

Worth, R. H., 1916, 35th Report of the Barrow Committee, 99-100 (Article in Serial). SDV260563.

Brisworthy Stone Circle. Charcoal and one rough flake found on excavation. Cairn about 100m away from it, which covered an interment after a cremation. Brisworthy Circle restored in 1909. Before the restoration, there were four erect stones and 18 fallen stones, with two others indicated by triggers and one more by a pit. Stones on southern side of circle had been robbed to make a stone fence. Should have been 42 stones.24 stones have now been re- erected. Plan. OS 6" 62 SE. Diameter 24.4m, maximum height 1.2m.

Brailsford, J. W., 1938, Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor, 448 (Article in Serial). SDV304210.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1977, SX56NE64 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV260573.

(01/06/1950) Stone circle. 24 stones remain upright. The larges measures 1.4 metres high by 0.9 metres, the smallest 0.3 metres high by 0.6 metres. Internal diameter of the stone circle, north-south 23.8 metres, east-west 24.0 metres.
Site visit 27th June 1977. The restored stone circle now comprises a slightly ovoid setting of 24 upright stones, mean diameter 24 metres.
(27/06/1977) This stone circle stands on a south east facing slope at 270m OD. It comprises a slightly ovoid setting of 24 upright stones which are probably only half the original number. The survivors are placed very regularly, the largest measuring 1.4m x 0.9m x 0.7m high, the smallest 0.3m x 0.6m x 0.2m high. The mean internal diameter of the circle is 24.0m
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD with amendments to pre-restoration survey.

Pettit, P., 1974, Prehistoric Dartmoor, 141 (Monograph). SDV231149.

Burl, A., 1977, Stone Circles of the British Isles, 113-115 (Monograph). SDV260575.

Thom, A. + Thom, A. S., 1980/1981, Stone Monuments, 108-9 (Article in Serial). SDV260570.

The circle has been re-surveyed by Professor Thom. (See illus card 2)

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 255 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

Robinson, R., 1983, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983 (Un-published). SDV345762.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 7th August 1983.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded on aerial photograph project.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 55, 80, G8 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Diameter 24 metres. 25 stones standing. Restored. Area had been levelled artificially to increase circle platform.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Brisworthy Stone Circle at SX564645 of 25 metres diameter with five of the original circa 40 stones remaining on the ridge above Brisworthy.

Newman, P. + Probert, S., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(09/02/2005) This feature is generally as described by the Ordnance Survey (1977) though now possesses 25 in situ stones.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

'Stone Circle' is depicted on the modern digital mapping.

English Heritage, 2011, National Heritage List for England, 1012227 (National Heritage List for England). SDV347072.

Large circular arrangements of upright stones set into the ground were built for ceremonial or funerary purposes. On Dartmoor they are often found in association with stone alignments and burial monuments. They are thought to date mainly to the Bronze Age, and specifically to the late third or second millennium BC.
The Brisworthy stone circle stands close to a cairn and within a few hundred metres of a stone alignment, near the boundary of enclosed farmland north- east of Brisworthy. It was re-erected in 1909, at which time there were four stones standing and eighteen fallen and possible traces of three others. In its restored form it is 27 meters by 24 meters in diameter and consists of twenty-four stones from 0.3 meters to 1.4 meters in height and from 0.6 meters to 0.9 meters in width. Worth suggests that there would have been forty-two stones originally; the present gaps on the south side are probably the result of robbing during the building of the enclosure wall to the south. (Scheduled in 1953, amended 1991) Other details: SAM ID: 10594.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPRM-11 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(20/05/2019) Condition assessed as ?very good by volunteer recorders, although some damage from livestock and visitor pressures noted.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Feature photographed in May 2019.

National Monuments Record, 24/06/1952, SX5665/5/4, SX5665/5/4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV260578.

Photograph taken on 24th June 1952.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 255.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 55, 80, G8.
SDV231149Monograph: Pettit, P.. 1974. Prehistoric Dartmoor. Prehistoric Dartmoor. 141.
SDV260563Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1916. 35th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 48. Digital. 99-100.
SDV260570Article in Serial: Thom, A. + Thom, A. S.. 1980/1981. Stone Monuments. British Archaeological Reports. 81. Unknown. 108-9.
SDV260573Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1977. SX56NE64. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV260575Monograph: Burl, A.. 1977. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Unknown. 113-115.
SDV260578Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 24/06/1952. SX5665/5/4. Unknown. SX5665/5/4.
SDV273221Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1895. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor: Part 4. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 27. Digital. 440-441.
SDV304210Article in Serial: Brailsford, J. W.. 1938. Bronze Age Stone Monuments of Dartmoor. Antiquity. 12, Issue 48. Digital. 448.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345762Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1983. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1983. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #130126 ]
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347072National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2011. National Heritage List for England. Website. 1012227.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPRM-11.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV3987Related to: Cairn at the southern end of Ringmoor Down stone row, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3360Related to: Cairn west of Legis Lake, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV4030Related to: Cairn with cist west of Legis Lake, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3986Related to: Ringmoor Down Stone Row, Sheepstor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey
  • EDV8375 - Re-erection of the stones, Brisworthy Stone Circle

Date Last Edited:Jun 29 2021 11:56AM