HeritageGateway - Home
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV3987
Name:Cairn at the southern end of Ringmoor Down stone row, Sheepstor

Summary

Cairn at the southern end of Ringmoor Down stone row with a ring of orthostats 12.4 metres diameter around a cairn of 7.5 metres diameter and 0.2 metres high

Location

Grid Reference:SX 563 658
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE60
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438671
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/8/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 569
  • Old SAM Ref: 10596

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1941, 60th Report on Barrows, 234-5 (Article in Serial). SDV302703.

Worth, R. H., 1941, Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor, 238 (Article in Serial). SDV251083.

Ringmoor 10.3 metres diameter retaining circle at south end of row. Restored in 1909. Plan of original circle was one standing stone, four fallen stones and six pits in the surface soil which may have had stones. There are ten standing stones now in circle.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1979, SX56NE60, Plan (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV260547.

(25/05/1950) The cairn circle measures approximately 12.6 metres in diameter and has 11 stones averaging 0.7 metres high. The disturbed central cairn is 9.5 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres high. The row, double in part, extends 356 metres north from the cairn circle to one stone beyond Worth's small menhir. None of the slab or pillar-shaped stones exceed 1.0 metres in height, the majority being quite small and just protruding from the turf with many stones apparently missing. Consequently there is no observable regular spacing between the stones. The nearby longhouse settlements and their associated field banks no doubt partly account for the robbing of the row.
This 'restored' stone circle surrounds the remains of a barrow, approximately 0.2 metres high.
(15/03/1979) On a west facing slope of Ringmoor Down at 293m OD. is a stone row at the higher southern end of which is a cairn surrounded by a restored circle of stones.
The cairn circle measures approximately 12.6m in diameter and has eleven stones averaging 0.7m high (see ground photograph). The disturbed central cairn is 9.5m in diameter and 0.4m in height.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 and at 1:000 for AO records.

Thom, Alexander, 1967, Megalithic Sites in Britain, 140, Site S 2/4 (Monograph). SDV260545.

The perimeter circle has been re-surveyed by Professor Thom. (See illus card 5)

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX5662, 2, 148-152 (Aerial Photograph). SDV260548.

Photographs taken on 20th May 1977.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 167, Sheepstor 19 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited on 28th July 1972. Cairn within retaining circle 12.0 metres in diameter (restored), from which stone row extends over undulating ground to north-north-east. Diameter 10.0 metres, height 0.2 metres.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, Ringmoor Down, 255 (Article in Serial). SDV260549.

Eleven stones forming circle 13 metres diameter around an eroded mound or cairn.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded on aerial photograph.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 78, F5 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring of orthostats 12.4 metres internal diameter around cairn of 7.5 metres diameter and 0.2 metres high.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 142-3, Map 49, Figure 49.20 & 49.20.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Ringmoor Down stone row cairn at SX56326580 of 12.7 metres diameter by 0.1 metres high. Only one stone remained standing before restoration in 1911, four others were lying approximately in position and socket holes were visible for six more, probably the original total. Five or six stones were 'imported' from the surrounding moorland. The circle of 12.7 metres diameter stands well outside the cairn of 7.5 metres diameter by 0.2 metres high, a horse-shoe shaped mound dug into at the centre.

Newman, P. + Probert, S., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(16/02/2005) These features remain as described by the Ordnance Survey in 1979.
The stone circle is somewhat unusual for Dartmoor and may be an affectation those carrying out the reconstruction.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Restored circle clearly visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1012246 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The Ringmoor Down alignment has a double row of stones 337 metres in length with a cairn and retaining kerb at the south-western end. The cairn is 7 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres in height and is surrounded by a retaining kerb 12.9 metres in diameter. The retaining kerb was restored by Baring-Gould in 1909. Prior to this, one stone remained standing and four were fallen, while sockets for a further six were recorded. There are now ten standing stones, the original one is 0.7 metres in height, the restored and imported stones stand up to 0.9 metres in height.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 142-3, Map 49, Figure 49.20 & 49.20.1.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 78, F5.
SDV251083Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. Retaining Circles Associated with Stone Rows, Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. 238.
SDV260545Monograph: Thom, Alexander. 1967. Megalithic Sites in Britain. Megalithic Sites in Britain. 140, Site S 2/4.
SDV260547Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1979. SX56NE60. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Plan.
SDV260548Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX5662. 2, 148-152.
SDV260549Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. Ringmoor Down. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. 255.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 167, Sheepstor 19.
SDV302703Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1941. 60th Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 73. Photocopy. 234-5.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #130087 ]
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012246.

Associated Monuments

MDV3983Related to: Brisworthy Stone Circle, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3360Related to: Cairn west of Legis Lake, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV4030Related to: Cairn with cist west of Legis Lake, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3986Related to: Ringmoor Down Stone Row, Sheepstor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Jun 29 2021 11:27AM