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HER Number:MDV3992
Name:Cairn south-east of Ringmoor Cottage, Sheepstor

Summary

Northern of two turf covered cairns of 19.5 metres diameter by 1.2 metres high. Slightly mutilated on its western side by military operations, otherwise in good condition

Location

Grid Reference:SX 560 662
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE59
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438668
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/13
  • Old SAM County Ref: 568
  • Old SAM Ref: 10585

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Northern of two 'Tumuli' shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1977, SX56NE59, Cairn A, Plan (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV256851.

(27/08/1950) Cairn 'A'. One of two turf covered cairns of 19.5 metres diameter, height 1.2 metres. Slightly mutilated on its western side by military operations, otherwise in good condition.
(18/04/1977) Two cairns situated on the plateau of Ringmoor Down at 300m OD. Both have their stone content obscured by a layer of earth and turf and have suffered from military and other depredations.
A: Flat-topped 20.0m overall diameter and 0.6m high, with a bank around the rim 5.0m wide and 0.3m high.
These banks appear to be original features and suggest some sort of variation of a ring cairn.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 166 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited on 28th July 1972. Cairn, slight hollow towards centre in pasture. Diameter 19.0 metres, height 1.0 metres.

National Monuments Record, 1978, NMR SX5666, 1/145 (Aerial Photograph). SDV254609.

Photograph taken on 20th May 1977.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Cairn incorporated into linear earthwork either a reave that forms a right angle with main reave or a field boundary of field system.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Ringmoor Down cairn '6' at SX56036627 of 19.0 metres diameter by 1.2 metres high is the northern of two cairns sited prominently on the ridge with a spectacular outlook to the west. Both are hollowed at the centre and later became the focus of ditched banks forming the boundary of medieval enclosures based on the prehistoric reave.

Newman, P. + Probert, S., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(14/02/2005) SX 56026619 and SX 56036625. The remains of two disturbed cairns on the crest of Ringmoor Down. The dimensions of these features are as given by Authority 2 and they remain in a stable condition. Neither displays evidence suggesting the former presence of either cist or kerb. Both mounds have been badly disturbed by later activities. They have been robbed to provide material for the medieval field system in the immediate area, in particular the banks that bisect both mounds. Tinworking in the area has also impinged on the sides of both features and some of the delvings may have been reused by the military for training purposes.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPRM-1 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(05/06/2019) Condition assessed as very good; some evidence of military use of the southern cairn (number cartridges in depression in cairn), but this cairn fine.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Feature photographed in June 2019.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Northern of two 'Cairns' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1012245 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This cairn lies on the brow of Ringmoor Down approximately 125 metres north-west of Eylesbarrow Reave. It is a grass-covered mound 22 metres in diameter and up to 1.0 metres in height with a hollow centre, suggesting that it has been partly disturbed. It lies 60 metres north of another cairn and within a few hundred metres of a stone row, other cairns and an enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21.
SDV254609Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1978. NMR SX5666. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1/145.
SDV256851Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1977. SX56NE59. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Cairn A, Plan.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 166.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #130128 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPRM-1.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012245.

Associated Monuments

MDV3993Related to: Cairn south-east of Ringmoor Cottage, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV48901Related to: Eylesbarrow Watershed Reave (Monument)
MDV131005Related to: Possible reave on Ringmoor Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Jul 20 2021 10:07AM