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HER Number:MDV4015
Name:Cairn with cist to the north of Gutter Tor, Sheepstor

Summary

A cairn with cist on the north-facing slope of Gutter Tor. The cairn measures 4.8m in diameter and stands a maximum of 0.4m high.The end-stones and side-stones of the cist are in situ but the coverstone is missing.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 576 671
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE39
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438610
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/144
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/144/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 575
  • Old SAM Ref: 10581

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. N., 1940, 59th Report of the Barrow Committee, 63-4, Plan (Article in Serial). SDV216472.

Gutter Tor. A well formed kistvaen with both sides and ends are in place but the north end leans inwards. Originally the length was probably 838 millimetres. A ruined retaining circle of about 3.35 metres internal diameter; consisted of ten stones, two still standing. No coverstone. Early Bronze Age.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE39, Plan & Photographs (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV216470.

(30/05/1950) A small kist set in a small cairn 3.8 metres diameter, height 0.2 metres. The present depth of the kist is 0.2 metres, the coverstone is missing. Ten stones are visible in the ruined retaining circle - two of which still stand.
(24/05/1977) A cairn with cist and a double circle of stones situated on the north-facing slope of Gutter Tor at about 305m OD. The end-stones and side-stones of the cist are in situ but the coverstone is missing.
Around the cist and extending to the perimeter of the cairn is a probable double circle of stones; the inner circle of approximately 2.5m diameter, the outer of 3.8m diameter. Most of the stones are flush with the ground, none are more than 0.1m above it. The height of the cairn is 0.4m and its diameter 4.8m.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Birkett Dixon, C. E., 1952, 70th Report on Barrows, Offprint (Article in Serial). SDV165393.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 166, Sheepstor 9 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited on 2nd February 1972.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1946 vertical aerial photographs.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 76, E38 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform circle. Ring of kerb stones, 3.4 metres internal diameter, enclosing flat-topped cairn 0.25 metres high with central cist.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 118, Map 49, Figure 49.6 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Gutter Tor cairn '3' at SX57676712 of 4.0 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high with a central cist retaining all four sides. One end slab leans inwards shortening the cist and the few stones of the spaced retaining circle show around the edge of the mound.

Newman, P. + Probert, S., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(16/02/2005) This feature remains as described by the Ordnance Survey (1977) and is in a stable condition.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPRM-21 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(29/01/2020) Condition assessed by volunteer recorders as good, although dense reeds are partially obscuring this cairn. South and west side stones are noted as in situ; could not locate north and east side stones.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Cairn photographed during January 2020 visit.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn & Cist' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1012473 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This cairn with a cist lies in heavy bracken approximately 250 metres north of the outcrops of Gutter Tor, the cairn is 5 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres in height with traces of two retaining kerbs. The cist, which is orientated approximately north-east/south west, has both side and both end slabs but the capstone is missing. The side slabs are up to 1.3 metres in length, but the end slabs are set to enclose a space only 0.9 metres in length, with the side slabs extending beyond one end slab. It lies approximately 100 metres south-east of an enclosure and within 300 metres of several other cairns.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 118, Map 49, Figure 49.6.
SDV165393Article in Serial: Birkett Dixon, C. E.. 1952. 70th Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. Unknown. Offprint.
SDV216470Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE39. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Plan & Photographs.
SDV216472Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1940. 59th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 63-4, Plan.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 76, E38.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 166, Sheepstor 9.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPRM-21.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #130077 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012473.

Associated Monuments

MDV3988Related to: Cairn to the north of Gutter Tor and south-east of Nattor Farm, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3989Related to: Enclosure north-west of Gutter Tor, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3989Related to: Enclosure north-west of Gutter Tor, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3989Related to: Enclosure north-west of Gutter Tor, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV3989Related to: Enclosure north-west of Gutter Tor, Sheepstor (Monument)
MDV42764Related to: Section of the Eylesbarrow Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Jun 29 2021 3:40PM