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HER Number:MDV4029
Name:Circular feature 550 metres north-west of Brisworthy Stone Circle, Sheepstor

Summary

Recorded in 1944 as a possible cairn circle but the feature has the semblance of having been recently created and should not be considered of great antiquity

Location

Grid Reference:SX 561 659
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE61
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438674
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/34
  • Old SAM County Ref: 10592
  • Pastscape: 438674

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) KERB CIRCLE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • (Former Type) STONE CIRCLE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • NON ANTIQUITY (Constructed, XVIII to World War II - 1751 AD to 1940 AD (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1944, 63rd Report on Barrows, 39, plate 1 (Article in Serial). SDV139295.

Ringmoor Down. An 11ft 2ins diameter cairn circle composed of fourteen stones of which four have fallen over (Plan). Stones of quartz-schorl, not granite. The retaining circle of a barrow is c.250m from the circle at the end of the stone row in a north-westerly direction. Longitude 4 degrees - 1' - 38 1/2", latitude 50 degrees - 28' - 29 1/2". Unusually all the stones are quartz-schorl rock from veins in the altered slate, the circle being without the border granite. There are 14 stones. Diameter 3.4m, maximum height 0.48m.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE61, Plan. (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV217431.

(25/05/1950) This would seem to be the retaining circle of a small barrow. The description and dimensions of Worth (1944) are accurate.

Ordnance Survey, 1953-1969, 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial (Cartographic). SDV352727.

(SX 56146595) Marked on 1954 historic map as 'Cairn Circle'.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 166 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(28/07/1972) Eleven stones presumably of a retaining circle; no mound or cairn, but very small hollow towards centre. Diameter 3.8m.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE61 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV217425.

(09/03/1979) The circle, 3.7 metres in diameter, is as planned by Worth. None of the stones is taller than 0.7 metres and the majority no more than 0.3 metres high. There is no cairn and only half of the stones are earthfast and with no sign that they ever were packed.
A rather odd circle of stones. It is notable that a newly discovered ?embanked stone circle nearby (SX 56 NE 161) also incorporates a few quartz-schorl stones though these occur in a near locality.
It has been suggested by T. Greeves (oral information; not archived) that this circle may be a sham; if so, and it is impossible to prove by visual inspection, the stones may have been removed from the nearby circle.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Thom, A. + Thom, A. S., 1980/1981, Stone Monuments, 110-1; plan (Article in Serial). SDV260570.

Re-surveyed by Professor Thom.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 255 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

Probably an eroded kerb cairn.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on the 1946 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 82, G29 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Turner suggests that this may be a stone circle, though it may not be Prehistoric, the stones possibly coming from ring cairn SX56NE-292. Diameter 3.4m. 14 stones visible.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Ringmoor Down '3' at SX56156593 of 3.5 metres diameter is a flat ring of stones. It may mark the site of a demolished cairn but only two or three stones are truly earthfast and the others have obviously been added in comparatively recent times to fake an antiquity.

Newman, P. + Probert, S., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(18/02/2005) SX 5615 6594. This feature has the semblance of having ben recently created. The stones are mostly loose and irregularly spaced. As a monument type it appears to be unique on Dartmoor. It should not be considered of great antiquity.

Probert, S. A. J., 2010, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Ringmoor, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV360517.

Newman, P., 2018, Archaeological Sites within Ringmoor Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation (Report - Survey). SDV361636.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPRM-18 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(08/11/2019) Condition assessed as ?very good by volunteer recorders; no issues noted.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Feature photographed in November 2019.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Stones' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1012248 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This stone setting is probably the retaining kerb of a cairn, it is 4 metres in diameter and consists of fourteen stones up to a maximum height of 0.55 metres. The stones are of quartz-schorl, rather than the more usual granite. There is a slight hollow in the centre of the setting, though no remains of a mound survive.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 144-5, Map 49, Figure 49.21.
SDV139295Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1944. 63rd Report on Barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 76. Paperback Volume. 39, plate 1.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 255.
SDV217425Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE61. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV217431Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE61. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Plan..
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 82, G29.
SDV260570Article in Serial: Thom, A. + Thom, A. S.. 1980/1981. Stone Monuments. British Archaeological Reports. 81. Unknown. 110-1; plan.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 166.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV352727Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1953-1969. 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV360517Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2010. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Ringmoor, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV361636Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2018. Archaeological Sites within Ringmoor Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPRM-18.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012248.

Associated Monuments

MDV19760Related to: Low embanked circle 550 metres north-west of Brisworthy Stone Circle, Sheepstor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Jun 29 2021 11:35AM