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HER Number:MDV4031
Name:Cairn at Eylesbarrow

Summary

Northern of two cairns located at the end of the Eylesbarrow Reave comprising a stony mound some 16 metres in diameter and 1.5 metres high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 599 686
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE84
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 438743
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/36
  • Old SAM Ref: 10740
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56NE89

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1890, 12th Report of the Barrow Committee, 51 (Article in Serial). SDV346007.

Worth, R. H., 1890, The Moorland Plym, 308 (Article in Serial). SDV215949.

"The two tumuli on Eylesbarrow are noted as much disturbed, and appearing to have been chambered, though this may be due to recent interference".

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4354 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE89 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV215947.

(07/06/1950) SX 5995 6852 A large cairn, 20.0 metres diameter by 1.0 metres high. Has been badly mutilated.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950/1978, SX56NE84 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV351552.

(14/12/1978) On top of a flattish hill at approximately 458.0 m OD are the remains of two much disturbed oval cairns. They are mainly constructed of loose stone but each has an outer ring of earthfast stones.
The easternmost, called Eylesbarrow, (name confirmed) measures 28.0 m east to west and 26.0 m north to south with a height of 1.8 m. The other measures 20.0 m east to west and 22.0 m north to south and is 1.2 m high. A reave (SS 56 NE 172), extends in a south west direction from the south west side of this cairn.
Revised at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 176 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 29th July 1972. Ruined cairn to north-west of Eylesbarrow. 22.0 metres diameter, 1.0 metres high.

Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 97-123 (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

Located at the northern end of the Eylesbarrow Reave. One of the few definite end points of a ridge reave.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion, 250, Fig. 21, Pl. 20 (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit, 1985, The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV340940.

Recorded.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 76 (Monograph). SDV137656.

The Eylesbarrow Reave terminates at the centre of the smaller of a cairns occupying the highest point (21.0 X 1.0M), an uneven-topped mound of small stones showing the usual signs of interference. The larger cairn was first recorded in 1240 as one of the boundaries of the Forest.

Probert, S. A. J., 1994, Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation (Un-published). SDV215946.

Site visit 1st November 1994. Generally as described by the Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, although considerable damage has been caused by walkers who have robbed material to construct further cairns and shelters.

Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey, WA146 (Report - Survey). SDV354588.

Cramber Tor Survey 2002, Site WA146.

Newman, P., 2006, Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV233640.

(01/08/2006) As described by Ordnance Survey (1978) and Royal Commission (1994).

Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey, No. 438743 (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

Site visit 1st August 1996. [One of] the remains of two very much disturbed oval cairns on the summit of Eylesbarrow. They are mainly constructed of loose stone but each as an outer ring of earthfast stones. Condition fair, status declining. Subject to disturbance by members of the public.

Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area, 15, No. 438743 (Report - Survey). SDV351304.

One of the cairns at Eylesbarrow has been subject to a number of disturbance episodes.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Cairn visible on aerial photograph.

Greeves, T., 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey, No. 438743 (Report - Survey). SDV350251.

Site visit 5th December 2011. Condition and stability good.

English Heritage, 2013, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV350785.

The north-west of two cairns on Eylesbarrow. This cairn lies on the summit of Eylesbarrow a few metres from the terminal of Eylesbarrow watershed reave and to the north-west of another large cairn. It consists of a mound of stones piled on a berm of earth and stone 16m in diameter and 1.5m in height. The stones of the mound have been moved around by visitors.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT34 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 9/9/2019. Grass covering low lying stones of perimeter of cairn with some grass between stones higher up the structure. Overall condition very good. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT34 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 250° showing grass cover on and around outer edge of cairn.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 76.
SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4354.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound. 250, Fig. 21, Pl. 20.
SDV215946Un-published: Probert, S. A. J.. 1994. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigation. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field Investigations. Unknown.
SDV215947Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE89. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV215949Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1890. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Plymouth Institute. 10. Unknown. 308.
SDV233640Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2006. Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation. English Heritage.
SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 97-123.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 176.
SDV340940Interpretation: The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Unit. 1985. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. The Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments of England Aerial Photograph Project. Map (Paper).
SDV346007Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1890. 12th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 22. Hardback Volume + Digital. 51.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #90709 ]
SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound. No. 438743.
SDV350251Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled. No. 438743.
SDV350785National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2013. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV351304Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound. 15, No. 438743.
SDV351552Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950/1978. SX56NE84. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV354588Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. Unknown. WA146.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT34.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT34.

Associated Monuments

MDV4014Related to: Cairn at Eylesbarrow (Monument)
MDV48901Related to: Eylesbarrow Watershed Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Jun 29 2021 3:44PM