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HER Number:MDV4032
Name:Cairn north-east of enclosure, Drizzlecombe

Summary

A large cairn now disturbed and partially covered by low vegetation lies in open moorland. Composed of stones and small boulders it is 17.7m in diameter and a maximum 1.9m high. Spoil has been dumped around the top of the mound from the central excavation pit; three backfilled trenches extend from this central depression. There is no visible evidence of a kerb or cist.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 593 671
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE88
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/37
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24104
  • Old SAM Ref: 10725
  • Pastscape: 438755

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 4128-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1977, SX56NE88 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV215928.

(07/06/1950) A large cairn (diameter 17.5m, height 1.7m), turf covered with a large hollow in the centre.
(27/06/1977) A large turf-covered round cairn, situated on a spur at 355.0m OD. The diameter of the cairn is 16.5m overall and its height 1.6m and it has a large hollow in the centre. Although a stone row points to the cairn, there is no evidence that it ever extended to the cairn. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD

Worth, R. H., 1953, Dartmoor, 210, Plan (Monograph). SDV231148.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 167 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visited on 29th July 1972. Cairn pillaged. Diameter 20.0 metres, height 1.5 metres.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photographs used in the project.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133424 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 12th March 1993. Cairn survives as a 20 metres diameter stony mound standing up to 1.5 metres high. A central hollow, measuring 7.7 metres in diam and 0.8 metres deep, represents the site of robbing or partial early excavation. A ditch, from which construction material was quarried surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a 2.5 metres wide band of rushes, caused by increased moisture in the buried ditch.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 128, Figure 49.13, Map 49 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Huge cairn sited barely a metre from the boundary of Drizzlecombe Enclosure Settlement (B).

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360208.

Circular feature is visible on the lidar data.

Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S., 1999, Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon (Report - Survey). SDV346268.

(15/08/1999) A large cairn now disturbed and partially covered by low vegetation lies in open moorland at SX 5937 6717. Composed of stones and small boulders it is 17.7m in diameter and a maximum 1.9m high. Spoil has been dumped around the top of the mound from the central excavation pit; three backfilled trenches extend from this central depression. There is no visible evidence of a kerb or cist.

Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 1014145 (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

Cairn diameter 18 metres by height 2 metres. Central hollow. Rushes around circumference.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 24 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 08/02/2020. Overall condition good. Photo x2 taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 24 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo 1: View looking 260° showing grass/moss/whortleberry with a little bracken covering and reeds around perimeter. Photo 2: View looking 100° showing animal burrows in E side of central depression.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 128, Figure 49.13, Map 49.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4128-9.
SDV215928Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1977. SX56NE88. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV231148Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1953. Dartmoor. Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 210, Plan.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 167.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133424.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346268Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S.. 1999. Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV360208Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped feature: #112905 ]
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1014145.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 24.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 24.

Associated Monuments

MDV4046Related to: Enclosure north-east of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 10:32AM