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HER Number:MDV4035
Name:Enclosed Prehistoric Settlement north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine

Summary

Enclosed Prehistoric settlement to the north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine and disturbed by mining activity

Location

Grid Reference:SX 592 682
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/40
  • Old SAM Ref: 34467

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 1890 4354-5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX56NE85 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV363210.

(Visited 1978) On a west facing slope at approximately 360 metres OD are the remains of an enclosed settlement very much reduced by later mining activity. The sub-oval enclosure measures internally some 140 metres by 115 metres with rubble walling averaging 0.6 metres high and 2.5 metres wide; there are no obvious original entrances. The southern side of the enclosure is completed by a series of natural boulders.
Six Type 1 huts are visible, two adjoin the walls while the remainder are free standing. The huts average 2.8 metre internal diameter mostly wth southern entrances and levelled interiors. They have walling 1.5 metres wide and 0.4 metres high and are in poor condition. (Type site: SX 56 SE 19). Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible on aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 157159 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 3rd June 1993. Enclosure 770 metres west-south-west of Eylesbarrow, forming part of an enclosed Prehistoric settlement. Double orthostat wall 1.9 metres wide, 0.9 metres high.


Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.


English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England, 1013474 (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. In addition to the two enclosed settlements, the monument includes a length of watershed reave. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age (about 2000-700BC).


National Monument Record, 2014, Pastscape, 438746 (Website). SDV355682.

The remains of an enclosed settlement very much reduced by later mining activity, on the south-west slopes of Eylesbarrow. The sub-oval enclosure measures internally some 140 metres by 115 metres with rubble walling averaging 0.6 metres high and 2.5 metres wide; there are no obvious original entrances. The southern side of the enclosure is completed by a series of natural boulders. Six huts are visible, two adjoin the walls while the remainder are free standing. The huts average 2.8 metres in internal diameter, mostly with southern entrances and levelled interiors. They have walling 1.5 metres wide and 0.4 metres high and are in poor condition.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 157159.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 1890 4354-5.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #90724 ]
SDV355682Website: National Monument Record. 2014. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 438746.
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website. 1013474.

Associated Monuments

MDV66380Parent of: Hut in enclosure north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66381Parent of: Hut in enclosure north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66387Parent of: Hut in enclosure north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66388Parent of: Hut in enclosure north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66389Parent of: Hut in enclosure north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV66386Parent of: Two possible huts in enclosure north-east of Eylesbarrow Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV3330Related to: Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6239 - Eylesbarrow (Ailsborough) Tin Mine
  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Sep 13 2019 2:28PM