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HER Number:MDV4046
Name:Enclosure north-east of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows

Summary

Sub-circular enclosure with a well defined boulder/slab wall containing two poorly preserved hut circles. Enclosure measures internally 74m north-south by 68m east-west and is defined by a rubble wall 1.5m wide and up to 0.7m high, which is lined by slabs on the inner face of the north-western quadrant. The south-east corner of the enclosure has apparently been slighted by a 1.6m wide and 0.6m high, medieval boundary bank, whose alignment suggests that it was built on the line of an extension of the Willings Walls Reave.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 593 671
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE90
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/46
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24104
  • Old SAM Ref: 10726
  • Pastscape: 438758

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1943, The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor, 277-8, Figure 3 (Article in Serial). SDV320337.

The Drizzlecombe pound 67 metres by 64 metres with walls 1.52 to 1.37 metres wide and covering an area of 0.3 hectares. The enclosure is not circular as there is a considerable length of straight wall on the south-west side. The wall is much ruined in parts. An inner lining of slabs is still visible on the north-west side. A cairn lies a few yards outside the pound wall, two hut circles within the enclosure. The entrance is in the west wall.

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 4128-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56NE90 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV252118.

(27/06/1977) On a south-facing slope at 350.0 m OD above the River Plym are two enclosures and six hut circles.
The western enclosure, roughly circular and 65.0m in diameter contains two hut circles, a Type 1 of 4.0m internal diameter and a Type 2 of 5.0m diameter; both have walls 1.2m thick and entrances on the south. See also MDV3443.
There is no associated field system. (Type sites: 1, SX 56 SE 19; 2, SX 56 NE 71). Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Price, D. G., 1980, The Moorland Plym, 129-138 (Article in Serial). SDV254604.

Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J., 1982, The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion (Article in Serial). SDV145845.

Possibly associated with prehistoric tinning.

Fleming, A., 1987, Prehistoric Tin Extraction on Dartmoor: A Cautionary Note, 117-122 (Article in Serial). SDV215976.

Price, D. G., 1988, Prehistoric Tin Extraction on Dartmoor: A Reply to Andrew Fleming, 91-95 (Article in Serial). SDV215977.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133423, 12/3/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Sub-circular enclosure measures internally 74m north-south by 68m east-west and is defined by a rubble wall 1.5m wide and up to 0.7m high, which is lined by slabs on the inner face of the north-western quadrant. The south-east corner of the enclosure has apparently been slighted by a 1.6m wide and 0.6m high, medieval boundary bank, whose alignment suggests that it was built on the line of an extension of the Willings Walls Reave.
The hut circles are composed of circular stone and earth banks surrounding an internal area and both are of the simple plan and double orthostat walling type. The northern stone hut circle is attached to the inner face of the enclosure, its interior measures 5.3 metres in diameter and is defined by a 1.5 metre wide wall standing up to 0.4 metres high. A south-west facing gap in the surrounding wall may represent an original doorway. The southern stone hut circle lies within the enclosure and includes a 1.9 metre wide and 0.6 metre high wall surrounding a 4.3 metre diameter internal area. A south-south-west facing gap, lined on both sides with upright slabs represents the original doorway.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 128, Figure 49.13, Map 49 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Drizzlecombe Enclosure (B) with two associated buildings. The south-east has been sacrificed to a later wall. A large cairn is located close to the north-east side.

Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S., 1999, Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon (Report - Survey). SDV346268.

(09/08/1999) The sub-circular shaped enclosure centred at SX 5934 6714 has a well defined boulder/slab wall. It contains two poorly preserved hut circles : one at SX 5935 6717 linked to the enclosure wall has an average internal diameter of 4.8m with partial slab walling up to 0.4m. There is no trace of an entrance. The second, freestanding, hut is at SX 5932 6715. It has a similar internal diameter and a strong wall up to 0.6m high with some internal and external facing slabs. Its entrance is in the south-east side.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Feature visible on aerial photograph.

Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England, 1014145 (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

Sub-circular enclosure diameter 60 metres; bank 1.5 metres wide, 0.7 metres high. Faced on inside in north-west quadrant. Entrance to west. Traces of at least 2 hut circles within enclosure.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 24 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 08/02/2020. Overall condition moderate. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 24 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 060° showing grass/moss and bracken with reed outcrops on walls and throughout the enclosure.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 128, Figure 49.13, Map 49.
SDV145845Article in Serial: Balaam, N. D. + Smith, K. + Wainwright, G. J.. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: Fourth Report - Environment, Context and Conclusion. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 48. A4 Bound.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4128-9.
SDV215976Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1987. Prehistoric Tin Extraction on Dartmoor: A Cautionary Note. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 119. Paperback Volume. 117-122.
SDV215977Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1988. Prehistoric Tin Extraction on Dartmoor: A Reply to Andrew Fleming. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 120. Paperback Volume. 91-95.
SDV252118Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56NE90. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV254604Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1980. The Moorland Plym. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 112. 129-138.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133423, 12/3/1993.
SDV320337Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. The Prehistoric Pounds of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. A5 Hardback. 277-8, Figure 3.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #112890 ]
SDV346268Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S.. 1999. Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1014145.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 24.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 24.

Associated Monuments

MDV122659Parent of: Hut within enclosure north-east of the Drizzlecombe rows (Monument)
MDV122661Parent of: Hut within enclosure north-east of the Drizzlecombe rows (Monument)
MDV4032Related to: Cairn north-east of enclosure, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3337Related to: Enclosure north-east of the Drizzlecombe stone rows (Monument)
MDV4033Related to: Enclosure with huts and cairns, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3443Related to: Oval enclosure north-east of the Drizzlecombe stone rows (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 10:35AM