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HER Number:MDV4047
Name:Cairn at Drizzlecombe

Summary

Cairn at the north-east end of alignment C at Drizzlecombe. The cairn, the centre of which is offset from the line of the row by about 0.6m, has a diameter of 10.3m and a height of 1.0m. There are ten stones of the retaining circle all at the base of the mound. There is a small depression in the top.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 592 670
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE42
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/276/1
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/46/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 462
  • Old SAM Ref: 24104
  • Pastscape: 438619

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 293 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Cairn with retaining circle, 8.7m internal diameter, at north-eastern end of Row C of the Drizzlecombe group.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56NE42, Tumulus (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272597.

(31/05/1950) A turf-covered cairn, small hollow in centre, height 1.0m situated in retaining circle 9m in diameter.

Worth, R. H., 1967, Worth's Dartmoor, 210, No. 19, Fig. 73 (Monograph). SDV337618.

Circled barrow, 34 feet diameter at the north-east end of Drizzlecombe Group 'C'.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 168, Sheepstor 30. (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(29/07/1972) Cairn, external diameter 8m, height 1m.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE42 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV272056.

(31/1/1979) The cairn, the centre of which is offset from the line of the row by about 0.6m, has a diameter of 10.3m and a height of 1.0m. There are ten stones of the retaining circle all at the base of the mound. There is a small depression in the top. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD and at 1:500 for AO Records.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not visible 1946 Royal Air Force verticals.

Quinnell, N. V., 1988, Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features, Cairn C (Plan - measured). SDV232055.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 48 54 78/f7 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 11.5m diameter around cairn 7.7m in diameter and 0.7m high. Aligned north-west of centre of stone row. Ring stones set leaning outwards, some on trigger stones.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133420, 12/03/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(SX 5926 6705) Survives as a 9m diameter mound standing up to 0.9m high. A central hollow, measuring 3m by 2.3m by 0.7m deep, represents the site of robbing or a partial early excavation. Surrounding the mound is a ring of 12 upright stones set 1.5m from its periphery. This type of cairn is described by Turner as encircled.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 138 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Cairn (Worksheet). SDV350844.

Terminal cairn at the north-eastern end of Drizzlecombe Row Worth 19. Aligned almost on the centre of the row. 0.6-0.7 metres high with diameters of 8.5 by 9.0 metres. Its flattish top, about 5.0 metres across, has a central excavation pit, 2.5 - 3.0 metres wide and up to 0.6 metres deep. Upcast may have heightened the mound but there are no prominent spoil heaps. 17 fairly earth fast stones are visible around the cairn of which at least 4 may be displaced.

Quinnell, N. V., 1995, Drizzlecombe SX 59266705 (NAR 56NE42) (Plan - measured). SDV363473.

Measured plan of the cairn, including section drawing and dimensions of all stones.

Devon Archaeological Society, 1995, The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows (Leaflet). SDV272662.

Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S., 1999, Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon (Report - Survey). SDV346268.

(22/08/1999) The stone row and the cairn are as described and depicted on a large scale plan by Quinnell (1995). In recent years a number of portable boulders have been inserted into some of the gaps in the stone row. A notable feature of the cairn is that the remnants of the kerb lie between 1.0m and 1.4m beyond the perimeter of the mound.

Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S., 1999, Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon (Report - Survey). SDV346268.

(21/08/1999) The stone row and the cairn are as described and depicted on a large scale plan by Quinnell (1995). A noteable feature of the cairn is that the remnants of the kerb lie between 1.0m and 1.4m beyond the perimeter of the mound.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Cairn visible on aerial photograph, at the north-eastern end of the southern of two parallel stone rows.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, UP-DZ 20 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 05/02/2020. Overall condition good. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, UP-DZ 20 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 250° showing grass/moss cover with a little bracken.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 138.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 48 54 78/f7.
SDV232055Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1988. Plan of the Drizzlecombe Stone Rows and associated features. 1:250. Digital. Cairn C.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 293.
SDV272056Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE42. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV272597Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56NE42. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. Tumulus.
SDV272662Leaflet: Devon Archaeological Society. 1995. The Drizzlecombe Stone Rows. Field Guide. 11. Leaflet.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 168, Sheepstor 30..
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133420, 12/03/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337618Monograph: Worth, R. H.. 1967. Worth's Dartmoor. Worth's Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 210, No. 19, Fig. 73.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #122399 ]
SDV346268Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Newman, P. + Probert, S.. 1999. Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor areas in the Plym Valley, West Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV350844Worksheet: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Cairn. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 20.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UP-DZ 20.
SDV363473Plan - measured: Quinnell, N. V.. 1995. Drizzlecombe SX 59266705 (NAR 56NE42). 1:125. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV14772Related to: Cairn at the end of row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)
MDV3329Related to: Cairn in Drizzlecombe group (Monument)
MDV14776Related to: Stone Row, Drizzlecombe (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV4966 - Survey of Drizzlecombe, Eylesbarrow, Ditsworthy and Hartor

Date Last Edited:Feb 13 2020 9:56AM