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HER Number:MDV4073
Name:Devon and Courtenay Mine, Whitchurch

Summary

Devon and Courtenay Mine is first recorded in the 1840s and produced copper until circa 1877-8. Earthwork mine shafts and spoil heaps were transcribed as part of the NMP survey of the Tamar Valley AONB.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 471 717
Map Sheet:SX47SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishWhitchurch
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWHITCHURCH

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SE/32

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE SHAFT (Unknown date)
  • MINE SHAFT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1750 AD (Between))
  • MINE (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Devon & Courtenay Mine (Copper, disused) marked on 1880s-1890s 25 inch Ordnance Survey map with several adjoining buildings, earthworks to the north and a rectangular building to the northwest.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Devon & Courtenay Mine (Copper, disused) marked on 1904-1906 25 inch Ordnance Survey map showing a shaft at the southern end of the site.


Collins, J. H., 1912, Observations on the West of England Mining Region (Monograph). SDV323594.


Ordnance Survey, 1938, 105SE. Revision of 1905 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition (Cartographic). SDV336767.

Devon & Courtenay Mine (Copper, disused) marked on Ordnance Survey 6 inch map of 1905/1938.


Ramsden, J. V., 1952, Notes on the Mines of Devonshire, 93 (Article in Serial). SDV60737.

D10 Devon and Courtnay. Plan R 164 B. M. R. O. Copper.
C24 Courtnay. Plan. Bedford Estate Office, Tavistock.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 225 (Monograph). SDV149229.

Devon and Courtenay have left in a field a large mound of old workings, and the remains of some walls and of a chimney stack. What may have been a shaft is now a rubbish tip. Further west where levelling has been done are the remains of other shafts and workings. Copper and lead were obtained here between 1850 and 1880.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 138 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2001-2002, Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records, RAF/CPE/UK/2501/4111-2 (Interpretation). SDV346287.

Transcriptions of an earthwork pit and spoil heaps mounds visible on aerial photographs RAF/CPE/UK/2501/4111-2 correspond closely with a database record of a shaft and associated spoil heaps to the south-west of Higher Tor.


Newman, P., 2011, Mining in the Tavy Valley, West Devon. An Assessment of Archaeological Potential, 26, Fig 10 (Report - Assessment). SDV347105.

The earliest recorded activity at this mine is in the 1840s. The mine, which worked an extension of the South Crebor lode together with a lesser lode to the north was employing 50 people by 1861-2. It is referred to as Wheal Courtenay in 1877. The last ore sales are recorded in 1877-8. Surviving features include adits and spoil heaps in Birch Wood, a wheelpit and features associated with a flat-rod system. There may also be the remains of the engine house and the line of the leat serving the waterwheel may also still be visible. Other details: No. 11.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2016, Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey (Personal Comment). SDV359374.

The aerial photograph reference given in the Tamar Valley NMP transcription attributes is incomplete; the date of the photograph is not included.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 225.
SDV323594Monograph: Collins, J. H.. 1912. Observations on the West of England Mining Region. Observations on the West of England Mining Region. Unknown.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 138.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336767Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1938. 105SE. Revision of 1905 with additions in 1938. Provisional Edition. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV346287Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2001-2002. Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records. National Mapping Programme. Map (Digital). RAF/CPE/UK/2501/4111-2. [Mapped feature: #90884 ]
SDV347105Report - Assessment: Newman, P.. 2011. Mining in the Tavy Valley, West Devon. An Assessment of Archaeological Potential. SW Landscape Investigations Report. A4 Stapled + Digital. 26, Fig 10.
SDV359374Personal Comment: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2016. Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey. Not Applicable.
SDV60737Article in Serial: Ramsden, J. V.. 1952. Notes on the Mines of Devonshire. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. A5 Hardback. 93.

Associated Monuments

MDV79956Related to: Buildings south-west of Devon and Courtenay Mine, (Monument)
MDV79954Related to: Earthworks on east bank of River Tavy, Whitchurch (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6911 - Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Feb 19 2016 4:39PM