HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV4083
Name:East Wheal Russell Mine

Summary

Before East Wheal Russell was worked to produce copper ore and black tin in the mid-19th century, it was the site of the southern lode of Holming Beam. Spoil heaps were transcribed from aerial photographs as part of the NMP survey of the Tamar Valley AONB.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 451 710
Map Sheet:SX47SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SE/40

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • COPPER MINE (XIX - 1853 AD to 1859 AD (Between))
  • TIN MINE (XIX - 1853 AD to 1859 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV1142.

Worksheet contains more details of above and copy of 1906 map (worksheet).


OS 1885, 1906, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216818.

Early os maps show buildings next to road and position of main shafts. Mine disused (os 1885, 1906).


1905/1938, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216820.

Above ngr. Refers to buildings - rough extent of mine marked on overlay also on adjacent map: sx47sw/532. "east wheal russell (copper, disused)" marked on os 6" (1905/1938) map (os).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216821.

Ramsden, j. V. /tda/84(1952)99/notes on the mines of devonshire.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216822.

Dines, h. G. /the metalliferous mining region of sw england vol 2/(1956)675- 676.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216823.

Booker, f. /the industrial archaeology of the tamar valley/(1971)137.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216824.

Des=os 6" map/(1885).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216825.

Des=os 25" map/(1906).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216826.

Des=os 25" map/(1953).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216827.

Des=worksheet + map/weddell, p.(17/2/1984)in parish file.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216828.

Des=os 6"(1905/1938)105se.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV216829.

Richardson, p. H. G. /british mining/44(1992)139/mines of dartmoor and the tamar valley after 1913.


BOOKER, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV256537.

Suggested that work began in 1858, the mine was idle by 1871, high costs incurred because of its situation on high ground (booker).


Dines, H. G., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV265453.

Also east wheal russell produced copper ore and black tin between 1853 and 1869. Two main shafts, several air shafts to the adit. Also worked from cuttings from tavistock canal tunnel (dines).


Ramsden, J. V., Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV38544.

R 11 russell. Plans r 105 b & 3260 - r 19 b - r 50 a m. R. O.(ramsden).


Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360208.

Surface remains are partly visible on the lidar data.


Cornwall Archaeological Unit, 2001-2002, Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records, RAF/CPE/UK/1890/F20/1278-9 (Interpretation). SDV346287.

Transcriptions of spoil heaps visible on aerial photographs RAF/CPE/UK/1890/F20/1278-9 correspond with a database record of a post-medieval mine at West Crebor.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2016, Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey (Personal Comment). SDV359374.

East Wheal Russell produced copper ore and black tin between 1853 and 1869. Spoil heaps were transcribed from aerial photographs as part of the NMP survey of the Tamar Valley AONB.
The aerial photograph reference given in the Tamar Valley NMP transcription attributes is incomplete; the date of the photograph is not included.


Waterhouse, R., 2017, The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology, 170-173, 188, figs 6.22-4, 6.38-41 (Monograph). SDV361789.

East Wheal Russell probably has origins around the early 18th century, although possibly earlier; the Holming Beam lodes exploited prior to this sett were worked from at least the 16th century, although they were developed to some depth before the early 18th century.
The Holming Beam south lode was driven on what would become the East Wheal Russell main lode. A deep adit, it was worked from 1852 to around 1875, and again in the 1880s - 1890s. Waterhouse records the adit is still passable for 27 metres and includes internal photograph.
The Tavistock Canal Company worked East Wheal Russell in the early 19th century and it was worked throughout that century until around the 1880s - 90s, possibly again with Wheal Russell.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1142Migrated Record:
SDV216818Migrated Record: OS 1885, 1906.
SDV216820Migrated Record: 1905/1938.
SDV216821Migrated Record:
SDV216822Migrated Record:
SDV216823Migrated Record:
SDV216824Migrated Record:
SDV216825Migrated Record:
SDV216826Migrated Record:
SDV216827Migrated Record:
SDV216828Migrated Record:
SDV216829Migrated Record:
SDV256537Migrated Record: BOOKER.
SDV265453Migrated Record: Dines, H. G..
SDV346287Interpretation: Cornwall Archaeological Unit. 2001-2002. Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Transcriptions and Database Records. National Mapping Programme. Map (Digital). RAF/CPE/UK/1890/F20/1278-9. [Mapped feature: #90903 ]
SDV359374Personal Comment: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2016. Backlog Recording of the Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme Survey. Not Applicable.
SDV360208Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV361789Monograph: Waterhouse, R.. 2017. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. The Tavistock Canal. Its History and Archaeology. Paperback Volume. 170-173, 188, figs 6.22-4, 6.38-41.
SDV38544Migrated Record: Ramsden, J. V..

Associated Monuments

MDV114364Related to: Holming Beam middle lode, Morwell Down (Monument)
MDV123335Related to: Holming Beam north lode, Morwell Down (Monument)
MDV123336Related to: Holming Beam south lode, Morwell Down (Monument)
MDV123232Related to: Tavistock Canal, Main record (Monument)
MDV22886Related to: Wheal Russell Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV6911 - Tamar Valley National Mapping Programme

Date Last Edited:Nov 15 2018 10:57AM