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HER Number:MDV4132
Name:Hut circle settlement 610 metres south-west of Cox Tor

Summary

A prehistoric hut circle settlement with an associated enclosure and fields, situated on a west facing slope of Cox Tor. The settlement includes three stone hut circles, surviving as rubble banks enclosing a circular internal area. The enclosure survives as a irregularly shaped area defined by a rubble bank. Two of the hut circles lie within this enclosure. The adjacent fields form part of the coaxial field system on Whitchurch Common. Scheduled.
Two hut circles within a small enclosure. Hut A, diameter 7.0 metres, 0.3 metres wall height - walls of fairly large stones, overgrown with turf and bracken. Entrance appears to be north-west. Hut B, diameter 5.0 metres, 0.2 metres wall height - much dilapidated and overgrown. Entrance not apparent.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 524 758
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57NW45
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 439854
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/24
  • Old SAM Ref: 22362

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV226736.

Aph=nmr sx5276/5/202(20/5/1977).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV226737.

Des=ancient monuments/(-/-/2000)/as above. SX 52537589. A prehistoric hut circle settlement with an associated enclosure and fields, situated on a west facing slope of Cox Tor. The settlement includes three stone hut circles, surviving as rubble banks enclosing a circular internal area. The enclosure survives as a irregularly shaped area defined by a rubble bank. Two of the hut circles lie within this enclosure. The adjacent fields form part of the coaxial field system on Whitchurch Common. Scheduled.

Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV226731.

Vis=est -/-/2000 (ancient monuments) prehistoric settlement 610m sw of cox tor. Hut circle settlement with associated enclosure + fields (see sx57nw/135). Includes 3 huts which survive as rubble banks defining areas varying from 15.9 sq m to 19.6 sq m. Surrounding walls up to 0.6m high. One with visible doorway.
Enclosure is 64m by 543m irregularly shaped area denoted by 2m wide rubble bank up to 0.5m high. Two of the huts lie within it. Clearly of different date to the adjacent fields (am).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57NW45 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV226734.

(10/08/1950) Hut Circles correct as shown on Ordnance Survey 6 inch map.
A. Diameter 7.0m Walls 0.3m in height, consist of fairly large stones the majority of which are overgrown with turf, the whole circle being very much overgrown with bracken. Condition fair. Entrance appears to be to NW.
B. Diameter 5.0m. Condition poor, very much overgrown, entrance not apparent owing to the dilapidated appearance of the circle. Height of walls at maximum 0.2m.
Authorised for publication on 1:2500 overhaul as :Hut Circles[OE].

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57NW45, OS survey drawing (c.1980?)1:2500, in parish file. (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV226728.

(17/11/1980) On the west slope of Cox Tor, at 321m. OD are the remains of two contiguous hut circles within a small oval enclosure. The huts are of Type 1 (SX 56 SE 19) and have level interiors with diameters of 4.4m. and walling 1.4m. wide and 0.3m. high. The western-most hut has a north-west entrance.
The huts lie within a fragmentary field system (SX 57 NW 96).
Surveyed at 1:10 000 and at 1:2500 for AO records.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Large oval enclosure visible on south-west slope of Cox Tor. Overlain by modern road intersection. Attached to remains of reave system to north and on east side. Three hut circles within enclosure. One frestanding. Two attached to each other, and two to interior wall of enclosure by length of internal walling. The undulations of the eastern enclosure wall may suggest agglomeration. Further walling to north at SX 52467588 may be part of reave system SX57NW/107, but the undulations may suggest another part of the enclosure.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(08/07/1991) The remains of two hut circles lie at 321m OD, approximately 650m SW of Cox Tor. The northern hut is 6.8m in overall diameter, with the turf covered stony bank 2.5m in width and 0.5m high. Some edge set slabs are visible on the W side. There are two breaks in the bank; one on the W and one on the S. The latter 1.2m wide seems to be the original entrance. To its immediate S are the conjoined remains of a second hut circle or annex. These remains are slight and are confused on the S side where they form a curvilinear bank which encloses the S and E sides of the hut.
The huts lie in the N part of an irregular and rather ragged enclosure which measures 64m by 54m; it is now cut by a wide track. The enclosure probably post-dates the parallel reave system (SX 57 NW 106) as it apparently abutts the linear reave which forms its S side. Its E side which clearly truncates another reave is visible as an 0.5m high lynchet.
See RCHME Cox Tor Survey (1:2500 scale)

Cartographic Engineering, 2006, Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345590.

Roughly oval enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Historic England, 2021-2022, NRHE to HER website (Website). SDV364039.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV226728Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57NW45. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. OS survey drawing (c.1980?)1:2500, in parish file..
SDV226731Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
SDV226734Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57NW45. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV226736Aerial Photograph:
SDV226737Migrated Record:
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345590Aerial Photograph: Cartographic Engineering. 2006. Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital. [Mapped feature: #91080 ]
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown.
SDV364039Website: Historic England. 2021-2022. NRHE to HER website. https://nrhe-to-her.esdm.co.uk/NRHE. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV26289Related to: Reave adjoining enclosure south-west of Cox Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 3 2021 8:44AM