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HER Number:MDV41527
Name:Cleave or Ware Mine

Summary

Cleave Mine, includes earthwork features probably in use from 13th century onwards. Also known as Ware mine in the 19th century.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 436 649
Map Sheet:SX46SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBere Ferrers
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBERE FERRERS

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX46NW/537

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XIII to XIX - 1201 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Claughton, P., 02/03/2004, Fifteenth Century Leat Cuttings and Tunnels in Shillamill and Broadmoorham Woods, Tavistock (Correspondence). SDV336558.

Material from Cleave Wood, believed to be residues from lead/silver (bole) smelting, was found during analysis to be 19th century boiler cinder (with a high iron content).


Claughton, P. F., 04/01/1993, Mine at Bere Alston; Collapse of Ground at Cleave Mine. (Correspondence). SDV344106.

Cleave Mine, also known as Ware Mine, was worked in the earlier 19th century, however there is a good chance that working south of the Weirquay to Bere Alston road are Elizabethan or earlier and are relatively untouched. Here an area of disturbed ground is indicative of working by numerous shallow shafts, 19th century activity being confined to the area south of Cleavelands where there is little evidence of shallow working. However, heaps of slag found on the site were found to have a high iron content, and msy be of 19th century origin. Other details: Plan.


Unknown, 1842, Bere Ferrers (Cartographic). SDV344147.

Area north of Cleavelands as far as Gullytown appears to be depicted as spoil heaps and identified as "Ware Mine, Houses and Garden" on Bere Ferrers Tithe Map. The field to the east was recorded as "Ware Tin Hill" Other details: Plots 1450 + 1442.


Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Area depicted as largely wooded on first edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch map. Map object based on this Source.


Booker, F., 1967, Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley, 54-60, 67 (Monograph). SDV240774.

Also known as East Tamar Consols, the mine was one of several on the eastern silver/lead lode on the Bere Alston peninsula.


Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K., 1974, Mines of Devon. Volume 1: The Southern Area, 36-8 (Monograph). SDV336694.


Mayer, P., 1990, Calstock and Bere Alston Silver/Lead Mines in the 14th Century, 79-95 (Article in Serial). SDV343017.


Cranstone, D., 1991, The Lead Industry (Report - non-specific). SDV90317.

Site visit during 1990. Earthwork features, undisturbed in woodland. Includes buddle-like features standing as impressive earthworks, dressing waste tips, leats in good condition, intact in-situ slag tips, the earthwork remains of shafts and other features. The in-situ slag is strongly suggestive of an undisturbed medieval site. Part of Bere Alston royal mines which are referenced from 1290's onwards. Other details: Number 1F.


Rippon, S. + Claughton, P. + Smart, C., 2009, Mining in a Medieval Landscape: The Royal Silver Mines of the Tamar Valley, 74-8 (Monograph). SDV344097.

Earthwork mounds formed by shallow shafts are visible in Cleave Wood, and may be related to the initial workings of that section of the lode deposit. They are encroached upon and partially covered by late 18th century residues. Lack of documentary evidence for working in this area between the early 16th century and the late 18th century re-working suggests they are probably medieval in origin. They represent the southernmost point on the mineralised cross-course where there is evidence of any continuous exploitation at or close to the surface. Other details: Figueres 4.2-3. Map object based on this Source.


Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object based on this Source.


Buck, C., 27/04/2010, Lode of Silver Mines (Correspondence). SDV344548.

Attached copy of part of John Hobart's map of 1737 shows the lode of the silver mines from South Tamar Consols northwards through 'Clave' and 'Wear'.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV240774Monograph: Booker, F.. 1967. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. Industrial Archaeology of the Tamar Valley. A5 Hardback. 54-60, 67.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336558Correspondence: Claughton, P.. 02/03/2004. Fifteenth Century Leat Cuttings and Tunnels in Shillamill and Broadmoorham Woods, Tavistock. Email. A4 Single Sheet + Digital.
SDV336694Monograph: Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K.. 1974. Mines of Devon. Volume 1: The Southern Area. Mines of Devon. Volume 1: The Southern Area. One. Hardback Volume. 36-8.
SDV343017Article in Serial: Mayer, P.. 1990. Calstock and Bere Alston Silver/Lead Mines in the 14th Century. Cornish Archaeology. 29. Paperback Volume. 79-95.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV344097Monograph: Rippon, S. + Claughton, P. + Smart, C.. 2009. Mining in a Medieval Landscape: The Royal Silver Mines of the Tamar Valley. Mining in a Medieval Landscape: The Royal Silver Mines of the Tamar Valley. Paperback Volume. 74-8.
SDV344106Correspondence: Claughton, P. F.. 04/01/1993. Mine at Bere Alston; Collapse of Ground at Cleave Mine.. Letter and Map. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344147Cartographic: Unknown. 1842. Bere Ferrers. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Unknown.
SDV344548Correspondence: Buck, C.. 27/04/2010. Lode of Silver Mines. Email and Map. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV90317Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D.. 1991. The Lead Industry. English Heritage Monuments Protection Programme Step 3 Site Assessments. A4 Stapled.

Associated Monuments

MDV48789Parent of: Shaft at Cleave Mine (Monument)
MDV48788Parent of: Spoil Heap in Cleave Wood (Monument)
MDV76223Parent of: Two Building Platforms in Cleave Wood (Monument)
MDV48780Related to: Adit to east of Hillside Cottage, Gullytown (Monument)
MDV48787Related to: Old Adit East of Cleave Farm (Monument)
MDV41528Related to: Part of Furzehill Mine, or Birch Mine (Monument)
MDV48781Related to: Possible Medieval Adit at Gullytown (Monument)
MDV76224Related to: Possible Mine Workings near Cleave (Monument)
MDV5493Related to: South Tamar Silver and Lead Mine (Monument)
MDV48786Related to: Tin Hill, Cleave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:May 4 2010 1:22PM