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HER Number:MDV41708
Name:Ruins near Shingle Slack, Braunton Burrows

Summary

Ruins to south-west of Shingle Slack, possibly associated with the World War II U.S. Assault Training Centre on Braunton Burrows. A small structure is visible on aerial photographs taken between 1945 and 1959 and is likely to be a mock pillbox used in military training by the U.S. Army. It is not visible on aerial photographs taken in 1989 due to coastal erosion, although fragments may be present on the foreshore.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 454 326
Map Sheet:SS43SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBraunton
DistrictNorth Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBRAUNTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS43SE/228

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BUILDING (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))
  • PILLBOX (ASSAULT TRAINING) (World War II - 1939 AD to 1945 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, 1944, Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center (Un-published). SDV339604.

Area marked 'Estuary Yellow'


Royal Air Force, 1945, RAF/106G/LA/102, NMR RAF/106G/LA/102 5014-5015 17-JAN-1945 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349060.

A small structure is visible.


Royal Air Force, 1959, RAF/80/788, NMR RAF/80/788 0036-0037 13-MAR-1959 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349053.

The shell of a small structure is visible.


Nature Conservancy Council, 1989, Braunton Burrows Habitat Map (Cartographic). SDV339613.

'Ruins' shown on the Braunton Burrows Habitat Map.


Ordnance Survey, 1989, OS/89115, NMR OS/89115 240-241 04-MAY-1989 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349086.

Coastal erosion has resulted in this area of dunes slipping onto the foreshore. The structure is not visible.


Bass, R. T., 1992, Spirits of the Sand, 95-96 (Monograph). SDV339609.


Bass, R. T., 2005, Spirits of the Sand: Field Edition, 34 (Monograph). SDV325697.

The World War II US Assault Training Centre Area B occupied the south-west part of Braunton Burrows. It contains the earliest constructions for assault training and a high proportion of unmarked and unidentified remains.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.

Other details: Survey number 886.


Passmore, A. + Knight, S., 2009, Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites (Un-published). SDV344664.

Ruins, possibly part of Training Aid 35 of the World War II US Assault Training Centre. Training aids 35 and 36 are parallel to the coastline in shingle slack, 35 on the south edge of the slack. Concrete bases remain around the Assembly Area at the dune line behind Crow Point. Debris in a pillbox configuration was located at SS4556232693 and further concrete debris at SS4528433239 and SS4574533021. Barbed wire support posts were found at SS4527733188.
At 4555432682 is a low mound of reinforced concrete rubble, measuring circa 5 metres long by 3 metres wide by 0.75 metre high. Several of the larger pieces of rubble have flat undersides indicating they represent the base of a demolished hut.
Stable condition. Some military vehicle training, using quad bikes, in the vicinity.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

A small structure circa 4 metres square is visible on aerial photographs taken between 1945 and 1959; it is unroofed in the latter image. It is likely to be a mock pillbox used in military training by the U.S. Army. It is not visible on aerial photographs taken in 1989, when coastal erosion has resulted in this area being washed onto the foreshore. It is possible that the remains of the structure survive as one of the reported concrete bases recently observed on the foreshore. The nearby linear ruins marked on the habitat map are not visible, but may be hidden in shadow. Adjacent and possibly adjoining walling may be associated with the structure but is perhaps more likely to pre-date it.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325697Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 2005. Spirits of the Sand: Field Edition. Spirits of the Sand. A5 Paperback. 34.
SDV339604Un-published: Unknown. 1944. Roads and Training Aids: U.S. Assault Training Center. U.S. Plans from R.T.Bass. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV339609Monograph: Bass, R. T.. 1992. Spirits of the Sand. Spirits of the Sand. Unknown. 95-96.
SDV339613Cartographic: Nature Conservancy Council. 1989. Braunton Burrows Habitat Map. Photocopy + Digital.
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344664Un-published: Passmore, A. + Knight, S.. 2009. Farm Environment Plan (FEP), Updated Spreadsheet of Archaeological Sites. Exeter Archaeology Report. Digital.
SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349053Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1959. RAF/80/788. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/80/788 0036-0037 13-MAR-1959.
SDV349060Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1945. RAF/106G/LA/102. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR RAF/106G/LA/102 5014-5015 17-JAN-1945. [Mapped feature: #91197 ]
SDV349086Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1989. OS/89115. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). NMR OS/89115 240-241 04-MAY-1989.

Associated Monuments

MDV57283Part of: Braunton Areas A, B, C and D of US Assault Training Centre (Monument)
MDV102702Related to: A network of walls near Shingle Slack and along the shoreline, Braunton Burrows (Monument)
MDV77706Related to: Building Bases on Foreshore, Braunton Burrows Military Training Area (Monument)
MDV73988Related to: Concrete Base on the Boardwalk Mounds, Braunton Burrows (Monument)
MDV77620Related to: Fence Post near Shingle Slack, Braunton Burrows (Find Spot)
MDV41709Related to: Foundations near Shingle Slack, Braunton Burrows (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4737 - Stewardship Scheme Archaeological Survey, Braunton Burrows
  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Aug 30 2012 3:40PM