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HER Number:MDV4180
Name:Cairn south of White Tor

Summary

Northernmost cairn of a group of three. Measures 4.6 metres in diameter and stands up to 0.5 metres high. Partially excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1899 and this work revealed central pits containing ashes, charcoal and flints. Centre of the mound contains a hollow indicating the location of the earlier partial excavation. Forms part of a widely dispersed group of at least fourteen cairns on the southern and eastern slopes of White Tor.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 543 783
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NW 10
  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NW 10
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/61
  • Pastscape: 439750
  • Pastscape: 439759

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Baring Gould, S., 1899, Sixth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 152 (Article in Serial). SDV344950.

One of 7 barrows on the south slopes of White Tor. Excavated. All had pits containing ashes, charcoal, and some flint flakes. Some were found to be undisturbed.


Worth, R. H., 1905, Tenth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 144 (Article in Serial). SDV64587.

One of three cairns, now not recognisable. Every loose stone removed, but only a piece of charcoal was found 1.5 metres from the centre.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1953, SX57NW10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV228021.

Cairns correct as shown on Ordnance Survey 6 inch map.
B. Turf covered Diameter 4.6 metres. Height 0.4 metres. Cairns B & C are in a hummocky condition (1950). (See related records for details of others).
Fox states in 1953 these are probably rebuilt cairns (1953).


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1953, SX57NW13 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV227955.

One of a group of three cairns. References to excavation (Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 37, 1905, pg 144).
Cairns recorded at SX5439 7825, SX5451 7823 and SX5452 7827, but Fox states in 1953 that these references may not be accurate. Probably duplicates of SX57NW10.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 161 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(8/3/1974) Three cairns south of White Tor. The second at SX54367838 measures 5.5 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres in height.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1940 Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

February 1992 One of 3 cairns. Diameter 4.6 metres, height 0.5 metres, with central hollow 0.7 metres square, 0.1 metres deep. Partial excavation in 1889 revealed a central pit containing ashes, charcoal and flints.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 95 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Newman, P., 2003, The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs, 5, Fig 2 (Report - Survey). SDV255420.

The most northerly of the group of three cairns shown on the English Heritage survey of 2003. Small disturbed cairn on the south slope of Whittor.


Newman, P., 2004, Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV346874.

Condition is fair and mostly stable. Newman states that MDV47562 is certainly a duplicate of the cairns at SX54347836.


Probert, S. A. J., 2010, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Merrivale Range, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV360515.

Condition is fair and mostly stable. Newman states that MDV47562 is certainly a duplicate of the cairns at SX54347836.


GetMapping, 2010, GetMapping 2010 aerial photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV351585.

Cairn is visible on the 2010 aerial photography.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping at this location but is shown with a standardised cairn depiction, larger than the existing feature.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

This monument includes three round cairns situated on a gentle south-facing slope overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook. All the cairns were partially excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1899 and this work revealed central pits containing ashes, charcoal and flints.
The northernmost cairn mound measures 4.6m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high. Both this and the southern cairn mounds contain central hollows indicating the location of the earlier partial excavation. These cairns form part of a widely dispersed group of at least fourteen cairns on the southern and eastern slopes of White Tor.


Richards, A. F., 2017, Note about group of cairns on southern slopes of White Tor (Personal Comment). SDV360214.

This feature was recorded at SX5452 7827, based on the 1950s Ordnance Survey card data but should be located 200 metres to the north-west at current location. Duplicate deleted.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

On the south-facing slopes of White Tor are three possible cairns in a group. The northerly cairn is a mound of stones of diameter 5.0m. and height 0.5m. (citing Ordnance Survey notes, 14/10/1978).
Centred SX 54347836. Three small turf covered cairns lie on a slight south facing slope in an area covered by moorland pasture, scattered boulders and numerous grass tumps and anthills. Constructed of small boulders and stones these were presumably rebuilt after the 19th century excavations (citing article, 1899).
B. SX 54357837. 4.6m in diameter and 0.5m in height with a small pit in the centre. (See related records for other details).
Grinsell numbers these cairns 30, 31 and 32 respectively (1978). Two other cairns depicted on the RCHME App 1/10000 transcript to the east of the group cannot be traced on the ground and probably do not exist (citing Fletcher, M. J., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 18/11/1987).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 95.
SDV227955Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1953. SX57NW13. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV228021Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1953. SX57NW10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV255420Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2003. The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. 25. A4 Comb Bound. 5, Fig 2.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 161.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV344950Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1899. Sixth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 31. Digital. 152.
SDV346874Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2004. Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV351585Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 2010. GetMapping 2010 aerial photographs. Getmapping. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #91215 ]
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV359964Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV360214Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2017. Note about group of cairns on southern slopes of White Tor. Not Applicable.
SDV360515Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2010. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Merrivale Range, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV64587Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1905. Tenth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. Digital. 144.

Associated Monuments

MDV4137Part of: CAIRN CEMETERY in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV4181Related to: Cairn south of White Tor (Monument)
MDV4182Related to: Cairn south of White Tor (Monument)
MDV69504Related to: Possible cairn on southern slope of Whittor (Monument)
MDV69503Related to: Prehistoric Cairn on the south slope of Whittor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7275 - Survey of the Langstone Moor stone circle and other prehistoric monuments nearby
  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area

Date Last Edited:Jul 31 2018 11:35AM