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HER Number:MDV4181
Name:Cairn south of White Tor

Summary

Southernmost cairn of a group of three partially excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1899. This cairn measures 4.7 metres in diameter and is 0.5 metres high. Has a central hollow indicating the location of the earlier partial excavation. Forms part of a widely dispersed group of at least fourteen cairns on the southern and eastern slopes of White Tor.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 543 783
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NW 10
  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NW 13
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/61/1
  • Pastscape: 439759
  • Pastscape: 439750

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Baring Gould, S., 1899, Sixth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 152 (Article in Serial). SDV344950.

One of three cairns, now not recognisable. A small heap of stones, surrounding a natural small piece of rock. Every stone removed and ground excavated to depth of 0.7 metres. Only a flint was found. One of 7 barrows on the south slopes of White Tor. Excavated.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1953, SX57NW10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV228021.

Cairns correct as shown on Ordnance Survey 6 inch map.
C. Turf covered Diameter 5.4 metres. Height 0.4 metres. (See related records for other details). Cairns B & C are in a hummocky condition (1950).
Fox states in 1953 these are probably rebuilt cairns (1953).


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1953, SX57NW13 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV227955.

One of a group of three cairns. References to excavation (Transactions of the Devonshire Association, 37, 1905, pg 144).
Cairns recorded at SX5439 7825, SX5451 7823 and SX5452 7827, but Fox states in 1953 that these references may not be accurate. Probably duplicates of SX57NW10.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 161, (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(8/3/1974) Three cairns south of White Tor. The third is located at SX54367835 measures 5.5 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres in height.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not visible on 1940s Royal Air Force vertical aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., February 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Southernmost of three cairns. Diameter 4.7 metres, height 0.5 metres. Central hollow 0.7 metres square, 0.1 metres deep is probably the result of 1899 excavation which revealed ashes, charcoal and flints.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 92 (Monograph). SDV219155.


Newman, P., 2003, The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs, 5, Fig 2 (Report - Survey). SDV255420.

The most southerly of the group of three cairns surveyed in 2003. Small disturbed cairn on the south slope of Whittor.


Newman, P., 2004, Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV346874.

Condition is mostly fair and stable. Newman states MDV47563 was a duplicate of this cairn.


Probert, S. A. J., 2010, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Merrivale Range, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV360515.

Condition is mostly fair and stable. Newman states MDV47563 was a duplicate of this cairn.


GetMapping, 2010, GetMapping 2010 aerial photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV351585.

Small cairn is visible on the aerial photography.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping at this location but is shown with a standardised cairn depiction, larger than the existing feature.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

This monument includes three round cairns situated on a gentle south-facing slope overlooking the valley of the Colly Brook. All the cairns were partially excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1899 and this work revealed central pits containing ashes, charcoal and flints.
The northernmost cairn mound measures 4.6m in diameter and stands up to 0.5m high, whilst the southern cairn measures 4.7m in diameter and 0.5m high. Both these mounds contain central hollows indicating the location of the earlier partial excavation. These cairns form part of a widely dispersed group of at least fourteen cairns on the southern and eastern slopes of White Tor.


Richards, A. F., 2017, Note about group of cairns on southern slopes of White Tor (Personal Comment). SDV360214.

This feature was recorded at SX5451 7823, based on the 1950s Ordnance Survey card data but should be located 200 metres to the north-west at current location. Duplicate deleted.
This explains the following note from the Monument Protection Programme"13/4/1993 Considered under the Monument Protection Programme but could not be found at this location (SX5451 7823). Not recommended for scheduling".


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape (Website). SDV359964.

On the south-facing slopes of White Tor are three possible cairns in a group.
The southerly cairn is a mound of earth and stones with a diameter of 5.3 metres and height of 0.6 metres (citing Ordnance Survey notes, 14/10/1978).

Centred SX 54347836. Three small turf covered cairns lie on a slight south facing slope in an area covered by moorland pasture, scattered boulders and numerous grass tumps and anthills. Constructed of small boulders and stones these were presumably rebuilt after the 19th century excavations (citing article, 1899).
C. SX 54357835. 4.7m in diameter and 0.5m in height.
Grinsell numbers these cairns 30, 31 and 32 respectively (1978). Two other cairns depicted on the RCHME App 1/10000 transcript to the east of the group cannot be traced on the ground and probably do not exist (citing Fletcher, M. J., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 18/11/1987).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 92.
SDV227955Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1953. SX57NW13. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV228021Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1953. SX57NW10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV255420Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2003. The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. 25. A4 Comb Bound. 5, Fig 2.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 161,.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. February 1992.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV344950Article in Serial: Baring Gould, S.. 1899. Sixth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 31. Digital. 152.
SDV346874Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2004. Merrivale Range Baseline Condition Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV351585Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 2010. GetMapping 2010 aerial photographs. Getmapping. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #91218 ]
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV359964Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.
SDV360214Personal Comment: Richards, A. F.. 2017. Note about group of cairns on southern slopes of White Tor. Not Applicable.
SDV360515Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2010. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Merrivale Range, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV4137Part of: CAIRN CEMETERY in the Parish of Peter Tavy (Monument)
MDV4182Related to: Cairn south of White Tor (Monument)
MDV4180Related to: Cairn south of White Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7275 - Survey of the Langstone Moor stone circle and other prehistoric monuments nearby
  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area

Date Last Edited:Jun 5 2017 11:55AM