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HER Number:MDV4202
Name:Hut circle settlement west of Dead Lake, Peter Tavy

Summary

Small hut settlement located on the west bank of the River Walkham consisting of ten hut circles, a small circular stone feature and a short curved fragment of wall to the north. Similar to the Langstone Moor settlement but huts are small with smaller interiors and crudely built walls with no apparent facing stones. Likely to have been a seasonally occupied camp, perhaps a group of sheilings used in summer months. No evidence of enclosure.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 564 782
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 NE 10
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/6
  • Old SAM County Ref: 557A,B
  • Old SAM Ref: 22217
  • Pastscape: 439597

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Burnard, R., 1897, 16th Report of the Barrow Committee (Article in Serial). SDV356961.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX57NE10 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV255306.

A group of seven hut circles (24/10/1950).


Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/F64/58/6399, 038-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV255307.


NMR, 1979, SF1510, 196 (Aerial Photograph). SDV224088.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Eight hut circles visible on the 1964 and 1979 aerial photographs.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 1992 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Unenclosed settlement.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 67-68, Map 30.1 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Dead Lake Foot Settlement
Prehistoric settlement along the River Walkham consisting of 14 hut circles consigned by a steep hillside to a narrow plain on the north bank of the river, without any obvious remains of surrounding enclosures. Several of the huts have unusual features (see related records). The remainder are equally small, 2 – 4 metres in diameter, the walls of most of them having collapsed into the interior.


Newman, P., 2003, The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs, 8-10, figs 2, 11, Appendix IV (Report - Survey). SDV255420.

An English Heritage survey in 2003 showed a group of nine hut circles, a small circular stone feature and a short curved fragment of wall to the north. The huts are small with crudely built walls with no apparent facing stones. The largest hut to the southeast has an internal diameter of 5.2 metres with a smaller hut of 2.5 metres diameter inside it. Most of the huts have been disturbed since abandonment with some recently remodelled. There is no evidence of any enclosure wall and the huts may have only been occupied on a seasonal basis. The settlement includes a further hut to the east (MDV50597).
Most of the huts seem to have been disturbed since abandonment, in particular huts 5, 6 and 7 have been remodelled, probably fairly recently. Huts 1, 2, 4 and 5 are of particularly slight construction and may have been robbed or disturbed. Hut 10 has an additional semi-circular external wall, of slight construction added to the south-east exterior.
There is no evidence of any enclosure walls and the site is likely to have served as summer sheilings or dwellings occupied only on a seasonal basis. No record of any of these huts having been archaeologically excavated.
Map object based on this source.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Some of the huts are visible on the aerial photograph.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

The modern mapping shows a group of 12 circular features at this site but they are not accurately plotted; instead represented by standard symbology with each hut appearing larger than its surveyed area. Also, one additional circular feature indicated at SX56419 78198.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

This monument includes thirteen stone hut circles, forming the largest part of an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, and four medieval or post-medieval tinners' buildings. The monument is situated on a gentle south-facing slope within the valley of the River Walkham and the huts are all terraced into the hillside. Ten of the huts are circular in plan and measure between 2.6m and 4.3m in diameter. The remaining huts are oval in shape and measure between 1.7m and 3.5m long and 1.1m and 2.3m wide. The walls of all the huts are composed of stone and earth and measure between 0.2m and 0.7m high. One of the huts has an annexe, another has a courtyard, one has a porch and seven have visible doorways. The tinners' buildings are all built inside the earlier stone hut circles. Two are rectangular in plan and are composed of rubble walls, whilst the others are small circular structures with corbelled walls. These buildings are associated with the nearby tin streamworks at Dead Lake.


Newman , P., 2018, Archaeological Sites within Merrivale Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation, 10/01/2018 (Report - Survey). SDV361635.

A small hut settlement with eleven hut circles on the west bank of the River Walkham. Most seem to have been disturbed since abandonment.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 67-68, Map 30.1.
SDV224088Aerial Photograph: NMR. 1979. SF1510. 196.
SDV255306Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX57NE10. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV255307Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/F64/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 038-9.
SDV255420Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2003. The Langstone Moor Stone Circle, Peter Tavy, Devon and its Prehistoric Environs. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. 25. A4 Comb Bound. 8-10, figs 2, 11, Appendix IV.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 1992.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV356961Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1897. 16th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 29. Digital.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV361635Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2018. Archaeological Sites within Merrivale Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation. Southwest Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound. 10/01/2018. [Mapped feature: #91290 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV69568Parent of: Feature 12 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Building)
MDV69557Parent of: Hut 1 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV50597Parent of: Hut 10 to east of settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69559Parent of: Hut 2 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69560Parent of: Hut 3 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69561Parent of: Hut 4 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69562Parent of: Hut 5 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69563Parent of: Hut 6 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69564Parent of: Hut 7 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69565Parent of: Hut 8 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69566Parent of: Hut 9 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV69567Related to: Feature 11 in settlement at Dead Lake Foot (Monument)
MDV50598Related to: Hut circle west of settlement at Dead Lake (Monument)
MDV4219Related to: Langstone Moor hut circle settlement, Peter Tavy (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7275 - Survey of the Langstone Moor stone circle and other prehistoric monuments nearby
  • EDV7441 - Condition survey of the archaeological sites of Merrivale Training Area
  • EDV7570 - Condition survey of Merrivale Range training area

Date Last Edited:Aug 21 2018 3:46PM