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HER Number:MDV4203
Name:Blowing mill north-east of Shillapark

Summary

Middle Merrivale blowing mill is located on the left bank and has well-preserved though tumbled walls and a clearly defined wheelpit. Probable trackway visible to south and leat channel to north. Mould stone recorded near door and sample mould in building.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 552 762
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57NE21
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 439632
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/7
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/7/1
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/7/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 790
  • Old SAM Ref: 28788(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ADIT (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))
  • TIN MINE (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))
  • TINNERS CACHE (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))
  • TINNERS HUT (Post Medieval to XIX - 1540 AD to 1900 AD (Between))
  • BLOWING HOUSE (XVII to XVIII - 1690 AD to 1710 AD (Between))

Full description

Kelly, T., 1866, Celtic remains on Dartmoor, 4646 (Article in Serial). SDV154696.

Burnard, R., 1888 - 1889, On the Track of the 'Old Men', Dartmoor, 236 (Article in Serial). SDV154694.

Burnard, R., 1890, The Antiquity of Mining on Dartmoor, 103-4 (Article in Serial). SDV152712.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 93-94 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1931, Blowing Houses in the Valley of the Walkham, 364-5 fig.5 pl. Xxii, fig.7 (Article in Serial). SDV255152.

The "middle" blowing house lies on the east bank of the Walkham, 987 yards north of the "lower" house (SX 57 NE 25) and about 60 yards from the river. The building is regular in plan and measures 32 feet 6 inches by 15 feet. Immediately within the door is a mould stone the position of which corresponds exactly with that of the mould in the lower building.

Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Blowing House, 228 (Article in Serial). SDV154693.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3175 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Ancient Monuments, 1970, Information on scheduled blowing house (Schedule Document). SDV255220.

(14/04/1970) Blowing mill north-east of Shillapark. Merrivale left bank, upper. Drystone structure. Entrance on south side, one jamb still standing. Rectangular mould just inside entrance. Leat ran along north side of the wall and the wheel pit is well defined to the north-west corner of the structure. No mortarstones found.
Sample mould, would hold 2.04 kilograms of tin. Measurements given.
Mould stone near door would hold 83 kilograms of tin. Measurements given.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1978, SX57NE21, plan, photos. (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV255358.

'Blowing house (remains of)' marked on (1906) historic map.
(14/09/1978) A blowing house, 9.4m by 5.0m internally, with walling 1.2m thick and 1.0m high. The entrance on its southern side is clearly marked by granite jambs; just inside is a granite mould stone 0.85m by 0.75m and 0.3m thick. The mould is 0.25m by 0.4m and 0.15m deep with a sample mould. The wheel pit and tailrace are well-defined on the northern side with the short leat being visible to the north east. The overall condition of the house is very good. Mould stone near door in blowing house north-east of Shillapark. Sample mould in blowing house.
Revised at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1981, List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750, No.56 (Report - non-specific). SDV319826.

Listed as a pre-1700 tin mill.

Hemery, E., 1983, High Dartmoor, 1043 (Monograph). SDV249702.

Wheelpit held a wheel 10 feet in diameter, 1 foot 2 inches abreast.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Recorded.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1990, An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking, 38 (Report - Assessment). SDV343684.

Blowing mill (undocumented). Field evidence.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 143933 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(16/11/1994) Blowing mill situated on a west facing slope of Little Mis Tor. Terraced into the hillside is composed of drystone coursed walling standing up to four courses and 1m high. The interior of the mill building measures 8.8m by 4.8m and is filled with loose rubble. The doorway faces south and adjacent to it on the west side is a mouldstone. A well preserved and now waterlogged wheelpit lies along the north wall of the building.
Though no dressing floors are visible, it is very likely that these survive as buried features on the flat ground west of the mill and adjacent to the river. This blowing mill is one of three above Merrivale Bridge, all of which have a mouldstone adjacent to their doorway. It has been suggested that they may date to around 1700.

Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 79; fig 30.9 (Monograph). SDV219155.

Newman, P., 1995, Field Survey in the Walkham Valley, 4-5 (Article in Serial). SDV275799.

Middle Merrivale blowing mill has well-preserved though tumbled walls and a clearly defined wheelpit. Probable trackway visible to south and leat channel to north. Mouldstone probably in situ.

Cranstone, D. + Hedley, I., 1995, Monuments Protection Programme: The Tin Industry Step 3 Site Assessments, Devon 20 (Report - non-specific). SDV357946.

Documented.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV152712Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1890. The Antiquity of Mining on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Plymouth Institution and Devon and Cornwall Natural History Society. 11. Unknown. 103-4.
SDV154693Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Blowing House. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. Paperback Volume. 228.
SDV154694Article in Serial: Burnard, R.. 1888 - 1889. On the Track of the 'Old Men', Dartmoor. Transactions of the Plymouth Institute. 10. 236.
SDV154696Article in Serial: Kelly, T.. 1866. Celtic remains on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 1. 4646.
SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 79; fig 30.9.
SDV249702Monograph: Hemery, E.. 1983. High Dartmoor. High Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 1043.
SDV255152Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1931. Blowing Houses in the Valley of the Walkham. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 63. Paperback Volume. 364-5 fig.5 pl. Xxii, fig.7.
SDV255220Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1970. Information on scheduled blowing house. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV255358Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1978. SX57NE21. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. plan, photos..
SDV275799Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1995. Field Survey in the Walkham Valley. Dartmoor Tin Working Research Group Newsletter. 9. Unknown. 4-5.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 143933.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3175.
SDV319826Report - non-specific: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1981. List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750. List of Known Devon Tin Mills c1450 - c1750. 35. Unknown. No.56.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 93-94.
SDV343684Report - Assessment: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1990. An Assessment of Dartmoor Tinworking. Digital. 38.
SDV357946Report - non-specific: Cranstone, D. + Hedley, I.. 1995. Monuments Protection Programme: The Tin Industry Step 3 Site Assessments. Monument Protection Programme. Foolscap. Devon 20.

Associated Monuments

MDV4206Related to: Wheelpit at blowing house north-east of Shillapark (Monument)

Associated Finds

  • FDV3167 - MOULDSTONE (XIV to XVII - 1400 AD to 1699 AD)
  • FDV3168 - MOULDSTONE (XIV to XVII - 1400 AD to 1699 AD)

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 20 2021 3:32PM