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HER Number:MDV42207
Name:Devon Great Consols, Wheal Maria

Summary

Wheal Maria mine was part of the Devon Great Consols complex

Location

Grid Reference:SX 418 739
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/1

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880s, Ordnance Survey (Cartographic). SDV848.

Wheal Maria is shown on OS 25" (1880s) map as a large group of buildings to the east of the track with outlying shafts & buildings.


Ordnance Survey, 1907, 105 SW (Cartographic). SDV276342.

Wheal Maria (Copper, Disused) marked on OS 6" (1907) map


Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.
Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t., 1989, An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets, 19 (Report - Survey). SDV226597.


Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

Wheal Maria. Part of Devon Great Consols. Surveyed by Exeter Archaeology in 1989 when nothing of the 19C workings remained except some buildings forming part of Grenoven Farm. The associated iron and brass foundry has been largely levelled. Other details: Fig 1.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 94-108 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

The initial discovery of copper was made here in 1844. This find was developed as Gards Shaft (see PRN 3876) and became Wheal Maria. Closed in 1903. Re-opened in 1923 but ceased again by 1925.


Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T., 1998, Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal, 34 (Report - non-specific). SDV319814.


Buck, C., 1998, Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley, 37 (Report - Assessment). SDV241750.

Mine complex buildings have gone. Morris and Gard shafts not fenced, visible and choked. All are in conifer woodland. Remnants of flue/sluice for leat and smelting site(?) nearby. High rear retaining wall and side wall of foundry and wheel pit survive. Also low linear walls above retaining wall. Nearby is building with east gable and well preserved reservoir tank. Other details: Visited 18/3/1998.


Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 6+fig 3-4,7-9,12,38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Wheal Maria at the western end of the Devon Great Consols sett contains New North Lode, Capel Tor Lode, Main Lode & South Lode. Other details: Site 10 + 10/1.


Bodman, M., 2003, Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon, 210 (Report - Interim). SDV325576.

A small water wheel was put up at ‘Wheal Maria’ to drain the workings in 1844.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume.
SDV226597Report - Survey: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T. Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t.. 1989. An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.08. A4 Stapled + Digital. 19.
SDV241750Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 1998. Preliminary Assessment of Sites of Archaelogical Importance in the Tamar Valley. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. A4 Bound. 37.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 6+fig 3-4,7-9,12,38.
SDV276342Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 105 SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).
SDV319814Report - non-specific: Dyer, M. J. + Manning, P. T.. 1998. Objective 5B: Lower Tamar Valley Recreation and Land Management Iinitiative: Cultural Heritage Appraisal. Exeter Archaeology Report. 98.60. A4 Stapled + Digital. 34.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 94-108.
SDV325576Report - Interim: Bodman, M.. 2003. Watermills and Other Water-Powered Sites in Devon. A4 Spiral Bound. 210.
SDV848Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880s. Ordnance Survey. 25".

Associated Monuments

MDV71284Parent of: LEAT in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71301Parent of: OUTBUILDING in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71301Related to: OUTBUILDING in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV37326Parent of: Wheal Maria Cottages Nos 1-20 (Building)
MDV37327Parent of: Wheal Maria Farm (Building)
MDV71285Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit & Settling Pond (Monument)
MDV71268Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71283Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71297Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit (Monument)
MDV71277Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adit Shaft (Monument)
MDV71295Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adits & Leats (Monument)
MDV71295Related to: Wheal Maria, Adits & Leats (Monument)
MDV71314Parent of: Wheal Maria, Buddles (Monument)
MDV71288Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71298Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71300Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71303Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71310Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building (Monument)
MDV71280Parent of: Wheal Maria, Building and Yard (Monument)
MDV56081Parent of: Wheal Maria, Castle Shaft (Monument)
MDV37325Parent of: Wheal Maria, Count House, Nos 23 and 24 (Building)
MDV71308Parent of: Wheal Maria, Culvert (Monument)
MDV71316Parent of: Wheal Maria, Dressing Floor (Monument)
MDV71305Parent of: Wheal Maria, Engine House (Monument)
MDV56079Parent of: Wheal Maria, Foundry (Monument)
MDV3876Parent of: Wheal Maria, Gard's Shaft (Monument)
MDV71318Parent of: Wheal Maria, House, Outbuilding, Pond & Leat (Monument)
MDV71267Parent of: Wheal Maria, Lode Back Pits (Monument)
MDV56080Parent of: Wheal Maria, Morris' Shaft (Monument)
MDV71282Parent of: Wheal Maria, Old Engine Shaft (Monument)
MDV71304Parent of: Wheal Maria, Pit (Monument)
MDV71309Parent of: Wheal Maria, Pit (Monument)
MDV71306Parent of: Wheal Maria, Pits (Monument)
MDV71278Parent of: Wheal Maria, Platform (Monument)
MDV71312Parent of: Wheal Maria, Platform (Monument)
MDV71311Parent of: Wheal Maria, Ponds (Monument)
MDV71313Parent of: Wheal Maria, Powder House (Monument)
MDV71296Parent of: Wheal Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71302Parent of: Wheal Maria, Reservoir (Monument)
MDV71317Parent of: Wheal Maria, Settling Ponds (Monument)
MDV71315Parent of: Wheal Maria, Settling Tanks (Monument)
MDV71307Parent of: Wheal Maria, Shaft (Monument)
MDV71299Parent of: Wheal Maria, Spoilheaps (Monument)
MDV71426Parent of: Wheal Maria, Stables (Monument)
MDV56082Parent of: Wheal Maria, Three Shafts (Monument)
MDV71291Parent of: Wheal Maria, Wheelpit (Monument)
MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71281Related to: BRIDGE in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV56111Related to: Devon Great Consols, Leat (Monument)
MDV71337Related to: Devon Great Consols, Leat (Monument)
MDV71320Related to: Devon Great Consols, Leats (Monument)
MDV71301Parent of: OUTBUILDING in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71301Related to: OUTBUILDING in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71294Related to: QUARRY in the Parish of Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV71295Parent of: Wheal Maria, Adits & Leats (Monument)
MDV71295Related to: Wheal Maria, Adits & Leats (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1192 - Preliminary assessment of sites of archaeological importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1193 - Preliminary assessment of industrial sites of archaeological importance in the Tamar Valley
  • EDV1194 - An archaeological survey of the arsenic works at Devon Great Consols
  • EDV1195 - Objective 5b: Lower Tamar Valley : cultural heritage appraisal
  • EDV1196 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:May 4 2006 6:09PM