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HER Number:MDV42208
Name:Wheal Emma, Ponds


Series of settling ponds draining from Wheal Emma mine to the east which was part of Devon Great Consols


Grid Reference:SX 435 735
Map Sheet:SX47SW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishGulworthy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTAVISTOCK

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX47SW/504/23

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • POND (XIX - 1801 AD to 1900 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1907, 105 SW (Cartographic). SDV276342.

Ponds also recorded on 6" (1907) map.

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.
Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t., 1989, An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets, 20-21 (Report - Survey). SDV226597.

Devon Great Consols. Series of 3 settling ponds visible between Agnes' and Railway Shafts, all largely silted up at the time of Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit survey in 1989. The stream is culverted underneath them and emerges at the base of the lowermost, where there is a stone built tower set astride the stream. They probably processed material from Agnes' and/or Railway Shafts. Visible on a map of 1867.

Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T., 1989, The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock, 79-111 (Article in Serial). SDV219136.

Other details: Fig 1.

Buck, C., 2002, Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment, 170-1, Figs 22,38 (Report - Assessment). SDV241758.

Four ponds at Agnes's Shaft (see PRN 51100) are shown on the 1867 & later maps. They appear to have been used as settling ponds for mine water from Wheal Emma mine (see PRN 3878). The survey in 2002 found the northern possible reservoir pond at SX43547366 formed by the creation of an embankment across the head of the valley. Wheal Emma adits drained into the pond at SX43557359 with another pond to the south at SX43567354. The lowest southerly pond was located at SX43567352 with a c4.8m high vertical dry-stone wall across the valley with a stream emerging through a 0.9m wide x 0.9m high stone arch. Other details: Sites 249,249/1,249/2,249/3,249/4.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219136Article in Serial: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T.. 1989. The Arsenic Works at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 47. Paperback Volume. 79-111.
SDV226597Report - Survey: Pye, A. R. + Dixon, T. Pye, A. R. + Dixon, t.. 1989. An Archaeological Survey of the Arsenic Works and an Inventory of the Other Historic Workings at Devon Great Consols Mine, Tavistock Hamlets. Exeter Museums Archaeological Field Unit Report. 89.08. A4 Stapled + Digital. 20-21.
SDV241758Report - Assessment: Buck, C.. 2002. Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment. Cornwall Archaeological Unit Report. 2002R069. Digital + A4. 170-1, Figs 22,38.
Linked documents:1
SDV276342Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1907. 105 SW. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 6 inch Map. Map (Paper).

Associated Monuments

MDV3862Part of: Devon Great Consolidated Mine, Gulworthy (Monument)
MDV3878Part of: Devon Great Consols, Wheal Emma (Monument)
MDV56091Related to: Devon Great Consols, Twin Water Wheels (Monument)
MDV51100Related to: Wheal Emma, Agnes's (old) Shaft (Monument)
MDV71534Related to: Wheal Emma, Flat Rod Tower (Monument)
MDV56086Related to: Wheal Emma, Path Shaft (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV1775 - Devon Great Consols: Archaeological Assessment

Date Last Edited:Aug 2 2005 2:52PM