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HER Number:MDV42211
Name:Cairn circle west of Hentor Meadow, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Ring cairn survives as 7.0 metres diameter circle of edge set stones standing up to 0.7 metres high. Within the defined area are three sub-rectangular hollows. The southern one is 1.6 metres by 1.3 metres by 0.4 metres deep. The northern one is 1.1 metres by 1.0 metres by 0.15 metres deep. The other is 1.0 metres by 0.9 metres by 1.5 metres deep. Two of these probably represent the sites of the two cists mentioned by Breton, who referred to this cairn as 'Ditsworthy Circle'.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 583 657
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 170
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/500
  • Old SAM County Ref: 493
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24230(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 10635
  • Pastscape: 438980

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • RING CAIRN (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE170 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV147500.

(10/04/1979) SX 5837 6569. On a slight north-west facing slope, in a relatively stone free area at 312m OD, is a circle of stones averaging 7.0m diameter and up to 0.7m high (though most of the earth fast blocks and slabs are from 0.2m to 0.4m high). A few slabs are recumbent; other stones often just protrude from the turf particularly within the perimeter where the interior has two rectangular pits 0.2m deep. There is no central mound and the pits do not seem to represent robbed cists, but the stones certainly indicate the remains of a cairn circle.
Found during field investigation. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on PFD.

Breton, H. H., 1990, Beautiful Dartmoor and its Interesting antiquities, 49 (Monograph). SDV237184.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset. (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(01/05/1995) Ring cairn at SX 5837 6570. Survives as 7m diameter circle of edge set stones standing up to 0.7m high. Within the defined area are three sub-rectangular hollows. The southern one is 1.6m by 1.3m by 0.4m deep. The northern one is 1.1m by 1m by 0.15m deep. The other, lying east of the others, is 1m by 0.9m by 1.5m deep. Two of these probably represent the sites of the two cists mentioned by Breton, who referred to this cairn as Ditsworthy Circle.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 121; Map 49, Figure 49.7 (Monograph). SDV137656.

'Ditsworthy Circle' cairn at SX58376570 of circa 8.0 metres diameter by 0.3 metres high survives as a ring of stones, double in places, surrounding a slightly raised interior thoroughly turned over. According to historic sources it 'formerly enclosed two kistvaens'. Nothing of these is to be seen, though their site may be preserved by the two deeper pits within the central trench.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 316/102.1235 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(28/02/2002) SX 5834 6572 The circle of stones is generally as described although there may have been a double ring of slabs and stones. The internal pits - under close-cropped grass - are up to 0.4m deep and may be the result of desultory digging.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Circle of stones shown on survey.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, UPHT-31 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(16/03/2020) Condition of the cairn assessed as very good, vegetation is not having an impact on the site at this time. Description from the HER is accurate. Due to a very wet period, a pit in the centre of cairn was holding approximately 100mm of water at time of survey. Area is lightly grazed no damage apparent.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographs taken during March 2020 visit.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Cairn Circle' shown on modern mapping 30 metres to the south-east at SX58386570.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1019082 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The monument includes a ring cairn at SX58376570 and survives as a 7 metres diameter circle of edge set stones standing up to 0.7 metres high. Within the area defined by the stones are three sub-rectangular hollows. The southern one measures 1.6 metres long, 1.3 metres wide and 0.4 metres deep, whilst the northern one is 1.1 metres long, 1 metre wide and 0.15 metres deep. The remaining hollow lies east of the others and measures 1 metre long by 0.9 metres wide and 0.15 metres deep. Two of these hollows probably represent the sites of the two cists mentioned by Breton who referred to this cairn as the `Ditsworthy Circle'.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 121; Map 49, Figure 49.7.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 316/102.1235.
SDV147500Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE170. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV237184Monograph: Breton, H. H.. 1990. Beautiful Dartmoor and its Interesting antiquities. Beautiful Dartmoor and its Interesting Antiquities. Unknown. 49.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #130368 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. UPHT-31.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1019082.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:May 14 2021 12:51PM