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HER Number:MDV42374
Name:Enclosure within a prehistoric settlement to the west of the River Erme, Cornwood


Enclosure within a prehistoric settlement to the west of the River Erme with an internal division on the south side


Grid Reference:SX 640 617
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/249
  • Old SAM Ref: 10516
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Brooking-Rowe, J., 1894, 6th Report of the Committee on Devonshire Records, 26 (Article in Serial). SDV157021.

Baring Gould, S., 1900, A Book of Dartmoor, 86 (Monograph). SDV277387.

Baring gould, s. /book of dartmoor/(1900)86.

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX6061 (Aerial Photograph). SDV156974.

Photograph taken on 14th April 1977.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure and internal division shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

An oval sub-divided prehistoric enclosure on the lower slopes of Stall Down part of a large concentration of huts and enclosures spread across this location. The oval has a long axis of 28 metres and a short axis of 21 metres and covers 0.4 hectares. The enclosure walls comprise spread stony turf covered banks with some large boulders surviving above the turf. At the southern end of the enclosure an approximately semi-circular dividing wall creates an inner enclosure with a diameter of 12 metres. The site was recorded whilst beneath summer bracken growth at the time of the survey and was too densely covered for precise description or measurement.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping within 'Settlement and Field System'.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

This small enclosure, 28 metres by 25 metres has a hut circle 10.5 metres in diameter at the southern end. It is heavily overgrown by bracken and its entrance cannot be certainly identified.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442321, SX66SW49 (Website). SDV363416.

The oval enclosure at SX 64076167 is approximately 25.0 metres by 20.0 metres with walling 1.8 metres thick and 0.4 metres high. The entrance was probably on the destroyed eastern side. The hut within is of type 1 with a 10.5 metres internal diameter and walling 1.5 metres thick and 0.3 metres high. It has a levelled interior but no discernible entrance.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV156974Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX6061. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph.
SDV157021Article in Serial: Brooking-Rowe, J.. 1894. 6th Report of the Committee on Devonshire Records. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 26. Unknown. 26.
SDV277387Monograph: Baring Gould, S.. 1900. A Book of Dartmoor. A Book of Dartmoor. Unknown. 86.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #124913 ]
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442321, SX66SW49.

Associated Monuments

MDV4347Part of: Prehistoric settlement west of the River Erme, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV27910Related to: Small enclosure on the southern slope of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV19973Related to: Small prehistoric enclosure on the lower slopes of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV19975Related to: Small prehistoric hut circle on the lower slopes of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Mar 28 2020 3:09PM