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HER Number:MDV4242
Name:Prehistoric enclosure east of the River Erme, Harford

Summary

Prehistoric enclosure east of the River Erme with a hut circle in the south-west corner

Location

Grid Reference:SX 638 648
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/8

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 399 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 223 5128-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph taken on 12th July 1946.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited on 7th March 1978. The site is difficult to locate, thick coarse grass covers the meagre remains of the low stone walls, and only the outline of the enclosure and hut circle can be seen. The enclosure has almost disappeared. The perimeter can just be traced as a line of low stones, but not the shape of the enclosure. The diameter/width is circa 50 metres. A single hut circle lies just within the south west corner of enclosure. Heather covered low walls but no visible features. Diameter 8.5 metres, but measured from outline only, since no stones can be seen.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure visible on aerail photgraph containing one hut circle.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 68, Map 55, Figure 55.2 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Northern of two prehistoric enclosures (B) at Hook Lake South has an interior dividing wall ending at an auxillary hut (3) half way along the south side.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Irregular shaped enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 14 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A small prehistoric enclosure with one external hut circle to the east of the River Erme at Erme Plains. The low, turf-covered stony bank of the perimeter is spread up to 2.5 metres but stands to less than 0.5 metres high. It has an approximately triangular outline with rounded corners covering an area of 0.14 ectares. A shallow, curving scarp which transects the enclosure, may represent the former position of a timber fence or a buried wall. A ruinous hut circle is attached to the southern corner. The walls consist of a spread, earth and stone bank, up to 0.6 metres high. No stone is visible due to the heavy covering of turf but the measurable internal diameter is approximately 5.5 metres. An opening in the hut wall on the southern side was the probable entrance, which intriguingly opens onto the moorland not the interior of the enclosure. The vegetation covering of molinia grass was very dense at the time of survey (May 2018) with parts of the site difficult to define.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 442168, SX66SW4 (Website). SDV362732.

An enclosed homestead situated on a gentle west facing slope. The enclosure measures 55 metres east to west by 50 metres transversely and covers 0.2 hectares with walling constructed of small stones 1.3 metres wide and 0.2 metres high, barely discernible in the tussocky grass. The single hut circle, probably of Type 1 and in ruinous condition, is intergrated with the enclosure wall. It measures 6.5 metres in internal diameter with walling about 1.0 metres wide. There is no visible entrance.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 399.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 68, Map 55, Figure 55.2.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 223 5128-9.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442168, SX66SW4.

Associated Monuments

MDV127038Parent of: Hut circle in south-west corner of a prehistoric enclosure east of the River Erme, Harford (Monument)
MDV4317Related to: Enclosure on the Erme Plains at Hook Lake South, Harford (Monument)
MDV127042Related to: Hut circle attached to prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains (east), Harford (Monument)
MDV4318Related to: Hut circle west of prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains (east), Harford (Monument)
MDV4319Related to: Hut circle west of prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains (east), Harford (Monument)
MDV4320Related to: Hut circle west of prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains (east), Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 9:49AM