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HER Number:MDV42422
Name:Tin Openwork and Pitworks on the north slope of Down Tor

Summary

The openwork extends between the edge of the Newleycombe Valley Streamworks (SX 56 NE 142) at SX 5822 6971 to a point just south of the tor at SX 5803 6962 and is approximately 211m long by up to 22m wide and 6m deep. The interior is filled with pits and vestiges of pits. Remains of a rectangular earthwork reservoir which supplied water to the working are located at SX 5804 6959. It consists of a cutting with 24m-long bank on the downslope side which stands to 2.5m high. Water was supplied by 2 leats which diverted water from the Drivage Bottom area to the east (SX 56 NE 354; 356) and which entered the reservoir on the eastern end. The area around the openwork is covered by pitworks including smaller prospecting pits and some larger pits which may have been used for extraction. The smaller pits are 2-4m diameter and conical in profile with crescentic spoil heaps on the collars of the downslope side. The larger pits are up to 12m diameter and 3m deep with correspondingly larger spoil heaps. The tinworks are likely to be of late medieval or post-medieval date.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 582 695
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE345
  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE347
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1446223
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1446234
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/509

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • EXTRACTIVE PIT (Early Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1066 AD to 1901 AD (Between))
  • OPEN CUT (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))
  • PROSPECTING PIT (Early Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1066 AD to 1901 AD (Between))
  • RESERVOIR (Early Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1066 AD to 1901 AD (Between))
  • TIN WORKS (Early Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1066 AD to 1901 AD (Between))

Full description

Newman, P., 1987, The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape, 225, 231, 235, fig 5. (Article in Serial). SDV231207.

SX 5820 6965 Openwork 14. Openwork at Down Tor (N). Supplied by leats SX56NE/517 and SX56NE/518 and reservoir SX56NE/523.

Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey, WA082 (Report - Survey). SDV354588.

Cramber Tor Survey 2002, Site WA082

Newman, P., 2006, Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV233640.

(01/08/2006) SX 58066973 Tin Pits on the northern slopes of Down Tor. Earthwork remains of medieval or later tin works comprising tin pits situated on the northern slopes of Down Tor. The features were recorded during an archaeological field survey in 2006.

Newman, P., 2007, Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV348210.

(01/08/2006) A Tin Openwork and Pitworks on the north slope of Down Tor. The openwork extends between the edge of the Newleycombe Valley Streamworks (SX 56 NE 142) at SX 5822 6971 to a point just south of the tor at SX 5803 6962 and is approximately 211m long by up to 22m wide and 6m deep. The interior is filled with pits and vestiges of pits. Remains of a rectangular earthwork reservoir which supplied water to the working are located at SX 5804 6959. It consists of a cutting with 24m-long bank on the downslope side which stands to 2.5m high. Water was supplied by 2 leats which diverted water from the Drivage Bottom area to the east (SX 56 NE 354; 356) and which entered the reservoir on the eastern end. The area around the openwork is covered by pitworks including smaller prospecting pits and some larger pits which may have been used for extraction. The smaller pits are 2-4m diameter and conical in profile with crescentic spoil heaps on the collars of the downslope side. The larger pits are up to 12m diameter and 3m deep with correspondingly larger spoil heaps. The tinworks are likely to be of late medieval or post-medieval date.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007-2008, Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV359195.

Probert, S., 2008, Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV351304.

Greeves, T., 2012, Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV350251.

Probert, S. A. J., 2017, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017 (Report - Survey). SDV360392.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231207Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1987. The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 119. Paperback Volume. 225, 231, 235, fig 5..
SDV233640Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2006. Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation. English Heritage.
SDV348210Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2007. Cramber Tor Training Area Monument Baseline Condition Survey. English Heritage. A4 Bound.
SDV350251Report - Survey: Greeves, T.. 2012. Cramber Tor Training Area. Monument Condition Survey. Tom Greeves Report. A4 Stapled.
SDV351304Report - Survey: Probert, S.. 2008. Follow-Up Works to Cramber Tor Archaeological Baseline Condition Survey, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound. [Mapped feature: #132159 ]
SDV354588Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. Unknown. WA082.
SDV359195Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007-2008. Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV360392Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2017. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of the Cramber Tor Training Area, Devon, 2017. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV28196Part of: Upper Newleycombe Valley streamworks (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project
  • EDV6034 - Monument Condition Survey in Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6152 - Follow-up Works to Threatened Sites in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV6153 - Monument Baseline Condition Survey in the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8711 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Aug 27 2021 12:43PM