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HER Number:MDV4243
Name:Prehistoric enclosure and hut circles on the east side of Stall Moor in the Erme valley, Cornwood


Prehistoric enclosure comprising three small enclosures containing many hut circles within and without the settlement on the east side of Stall Moor in the Erme valley


Grid Reference:SX 635 642
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/9
  • Old SAM County Ref: 808

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Three adjoining enclosures with 13 associated hut circles shown as 'Hut Circles' on 19th century map.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

An agglomerated enclosure is visible, comprising three elements. Fifteen hut circles are visible, all of which are attached to walls or to other hut circles.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 67-68, Map 55, Figure 55.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Blatchford Bottom 2 prehistoric settlement in the Upper Erme valley is overgrown. Sixteen huts are clustered around the edge of a triple enclosure and others are freestanding outside. Three of these are immediately downhill and six more straggling northwards parallel with the river with some barely visible. The only interior division within the enclosure is a small pen in the southern section. The hut circles are mostly small with diameters from 2.3 to 5.6 metres.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosures visible on aerial photographs.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 28 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric settlement on the western slope above the River Erme, north of Blatchford Bottom, comprising three attached enclosures with 14 hut circles, all of which are incorporated into the enclosure walls. The primary enclosure covers 0.1 hectares, onto which two additional enclosures were added, totalling 0.46 hectares. The turf-covered enclosure walls are low and in poor condition, spread to between 2 metres and 2.5 metres and less than 0.5 metres high, though in places they are barely perceivable. A few orthostats survive in situ. The hut circles are also in poor condition consisting mainly of low, spread, turf-covered rubble rings, although some masonry fabric remains visible and in situ. The largest two huts have interior diameters of 4.8 metres and 5.6 metres but most are smaller and have no surviving wall faces from which to take measurement. On the southern corner, two of the huts are associated with a small elliptical pound or yard of 7 metres by 10 metres, within the southern enclosure. Post-abandonment interference is evident on the western enclosure wall where a ground-level stone structure of 2 metres by 2 metres has encroached into the wall. Three further detached hut circles are sited on the south eastern of the enclosure (see MDV4244) and an additional group of six huts survive to the north-east (MDV28105).

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms (Worksheet). SDV362781.

(21/07/2019) Settlement is set on level ground a little further back from the river, substantial vegetation growth of reed grass noted on this monument. The drier walls enable ease of identification but the damp ground between is, in places, becoming difficult to walk through simply because of the growth. Good condition.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photographed 21/07/2019.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosures and hut circles shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1003192 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

The monument includes part of a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on the lower south eastern slopes of Stall Moor on the western valley side of the River Erme. The partially enclosed settlement survives as sixteen stone hut circles of varying size either incorporated into the defining walls or attached to the outside of three agglomerated enclosures of varying size and shape with three outlying freestanding stone hut circles to the south east. The stone hut circles vary in diameter internally from 2.3 metres up to 5.6 metres and are defined by low rubble built walls. The enclosure walls measure up to 2 metres wide and 0.5 metres high. In the south western corner two of the hut circles are attached to a small pound within an enclosure. Where visible the entrances to the hut circles generally face south.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 442174, SX66SW6 (Website). SDV362732.

A Bronze Age enclosed hut circle settlement with outlying hut circles. An enclosed settlement of 0.6 hectares with further hut circles and two hut platforms to the northeast situated on a south-east facing slope at 350.0 metres OD. The walling of the enclosures averages 2.0 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. All the huts are of type 1 and in poor condition with levelled interiors except the five furthest from the enclosures, to the northeast. Most have southern entrances and their internal diameters vary from 2.0 metres to 4.0 metres, with walling averaging 1.6 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. The huts within the enclosure are integrated with the walling and the majority appear to have preceded the enclosures. Two yards at SX63566425 and SX63616430 are attached to the enclosure. Hut platforms are at SX63636478 (not portrayed at 1:10 000). There is no associated field system or plots.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 67-68, Map 55, Figure 55.1.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #122888 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1003192.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442174, SX66SW6.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV126939Parent of: Group of five Prehistoric hut circles at Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4244Parent of: Group of four Prehistoric hut circles at Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV126938Parent of: Prehistoric hut circle at Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV28117Parent of: Three unenclosed Prehistoric hut circles south of enclosures, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV126937Parent of: Two Prehistoric hut circles at Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV126940Parent of: Two Prehistoric hut circles at Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV28105Related to: Group of unenclosed hut circles at the southern end of the Stall Moor stone row, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jul 21 2020 10:59AM