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HER Number:MDV4247
Name:Enclosed settlement at the junction of Blatchford Bottom and the River Erme

Summary

A prehistoric enclosure with internal and external hut circles, 20 metres east of the River Erme on Harford Moor. The enclosure is roughly quadrilateral with slightly curved sides and corners, the walls are mostly still in place with a notable gap on the southern corner where a low scarp is all that remains. Walls survive up to 0.5 metres high and the bank itself survives well up to 0.5 metres high in places. The entrance was on the south-east corner where a bull-nosed terminal on the bank formed one side and several pieces of tumbled granite may have formed a gate supports and/or flagstones. There are four hut circles associated with the enclosure.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 635 638
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/12
  • Old SAM County Ref: 810

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure with three 'Hut Circles' shown on 19th century map.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 399 (Monograph). SDV320981.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6363 (Aerial Photograph). SDV156571.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited on 6th August 1976 and 7th March 1978. The enclosure is roughly rectangular with curved angles at the four corners. The wall is clearly seen along all north and south sides, and partly on the east side, but the west side close to the river is fragmentary and only one stone in height. There are large stones at an entrance on the south side. There are the remains of two hut circles within the enclosure. One is near the east wall (the highest side) but has many stones missing; one nearer the centre of the enclosure has only a few stones remaining. There is a small hut circle just outside the enclosure wall at the south west corner, this is of small stones many of which are missing. A group of three courts or huts are located along the east wall, and the remains of others along the west wall. One hut appears just outside the south east corner.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Site visited on 5th June 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure visible containing hut circles, the enclosure being D-shaped.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 55-56, Map 54, Figures 54.15 and 54.15.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Blatchford Brook Foot prehistoric settlement seems to have been an industrious settlement with much of the lower part of the interior sub-divided into courts and with accessory enclosures added to the exterior. Against the uphill margin are a series of small hut circles (Numbers 1-4)were most likely store-houses alongside the main building (Number 5) of 7.2 metres diameter of large slabs. A free-standing hut (Number 6) near the centre is 4.8 metres in diameter and one on the river side (Number 7) is 4.3 metres in diameter. An arrangement of stones outside the south-east corner suggests there may have been more huts (Number 8) here but the area has been disturbed. The circular foundations of 9 metres across just outside the south-east corner could be the site of another hut (Number 9) but the wall slabs are not large and it may have been an auxiliary pen.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figures 8 & 25 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric enclosure with internal and external hut circles, 20 metres east of the River Erme on Harford Moor. The enclosure is roughly quadrilateral with slightly curved sides and corners. The internal area is 0.33 hectares. The walls are mostly still in place with a notable gap on the southern corner where a low scarp is all that remains. Although the walls are partly tumbled and spread with a turf covering, many edge set slabs of granite, which formed the inner and outer faces of the wall, survive in-situ up to 0.5 metres high and the bank itself survives well up to 0.5 metres high in places. The entrance was on the south-east corner where a bull-nosed terminal on the bank formed one side and several pieces of tumbled granite may have formed a gate supports and/or flagstones. There are four hut circles associated with the enclosure: one is a discrete external hut 5.4 metres east of the south-east corner (see MDV 28114), there is also a possible internal hut, much disturbed, attached to the inside of the north-west corner wall (see MDV4249). Another well preserved hut is attached to the eastern interior wall. This has a level floor and an almost intact kerb of granite boulders standing up to 0.6 metres high, forming an inner wall face. The interior diameter is 7.4 metres. The earthen bank surrounding the wall has become somewhat spread and denuded and the position of the entrance is uncertain. An incomplete hut circle lies 17 metres to the west. It comprises a semicircle of edge-set slabs representing the walls with a diameter of approximately 5 metres. Between these two huts, a circular platform, with a diameter of 4 metres, cut into the slope could represent the position of either a robbed stone hut or a timber hut. On the north-east exterior of the enclosure the earthwork outline of a hut circle is just visible beneath dense rushes. Its internal diameter is very approximately 4.6 metres, with an opening on the eastern arc. A ruined rectangular tinners’ building of medieval or later date, is built into the western end of the enclosure (see MDV13226).

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure and hut circles shown as 'Settlement' on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1002608 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

The monument includes a partially enclosed stone hut circle settlement with later tinner’s shelter situated to the east of the confluence between the Blatchford Brook and River Erme. The settlement survives as an oval enclosure defined by a strongly constructed up to 2 metres wide and 0.7 metres high partially double faced wall which contains a series of courts and pounds around its internal perimeter and at least two stone hut circles. A further hut is appended on the outside edge to the west together with a small rectangular tinner’s shelter. The ruinous banks of two further hut circles lie to the south west. At the eastern end is an external freestanding hut circle.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 442190, SX66SW10 (Website). SDV362732.

The sub-oval enclosure occupies 0.7 hectares. The walling is double faced with a width of 2.7 metres and a height of 0.7 metres; there is a south entrance. There are the remains of several yards inside the enclosure while one is attached externally. The hut circles at SX 63576383 and SX 63516379 pre-date the enclosure. All four hut circles are of type 2 with levelled interiors and southern entrances. The internal diameters vary from 4.5 metres to 8.0 metres with walling averaging 1.8 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. All are in poor condition. At SX 63516382 is the possible remains of a type 1 hut (not portrayed at 1:10 000). A tinner's hut adjoins the enclosure at SX 63516380.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 55-56, Map 54, Figures 54.15 and 54.15.1.
SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4.
SDV156571Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6363. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 399.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #123065 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1002608.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442190, SX66SW10.

Associated Monuments

MDV4248Parent of: Hut circle (5) on east side of prehistoric enclosure north of the Blatchford Brook and River Erme junction, Harford (Monument)
MDV4249Parent of: Hut circle (6) in the centre of prehistoric enclosure north of the Blatchford Brook and River Erme junction, Harford (Monument)
MDV28116Parent of: Hut circle (7) to the west of prehistoric enclosure at Blatchford Brook Foot, Harford Harford (Monument)
MDV28114Parent of: Hut circle (9) to south-east of prehistoric settlement at Blatchford Brook Foot, Harford (Monument)
MDV127028Parent of: Hut circle or pen in the north-west corner of prehistoric enclosure north of the Blatchford Brook and River Erme junction, Harford (Monument)
MDV127036Parent of: Hut circles (1-4) on east side of prehistoric enclosure north of the Blatchford Brook and River Erme junction, Harford (Monument)
MDV28115Parent of: Possible hut circles (8) to the south-west of prehistoric enclosure at Blatchford Brook Foot, Harford (Monument)
MDV122890Related to: Enclosure wall at Blatchford Bottom (Monument)
MDV13226Related to: Tinner's hut to east of River Erme, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 17 2020 12:32PM