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HER Number:MDV4251
Name:Prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford

Summary

Circular enclosure surrounded by eight hut circles forming an unenclosed settlement to the south of Left Lake

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 632
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/14
  • Old SAM County Ref: 812

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, 5128-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165975.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1977, SX66SW42 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165972.

Enclosure and hut circles to the south of Left Lake. A small enclosure and eight hut circles. (1950)
An open settlement consisting of eight hut circles and a small enclosure measuring 35.0 meters by 25.0 meters which contains one of the huts. Enclosure wall is in very ruinous condition. No evidence of land clearance in the area. (1977)

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6463, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165976.

Hankin, C. F., 1976 - 1977, Settlement south of Left Lake (Worksheet). SDV165974.

A small circular enclosure set amidst a group of eight hut circles. The line of the wall is no more than one stone high, but can be seen all round. Interior is clear of stones. Sited approximately 60.0 meters south of a gully known as Left Lake on very rocky ground.

Robinson, R., 1982, Field Monument Warden Visit (Worksheet). SDV165973.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden visit.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Nine hut circles are visible: three are attached in a group, four are freestanding and two are incorporated into the wall of what appears to be a small ovoid enclosure.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 53, Map 54, Figure 54.13 (Monograph). SDV337765.

A compact group of eight hut circles and an enclosure located along the contour to the south of Left Lake. Most huts are in a good condition, often with internal divisions and several are connected by sections of curved walling. The enclosure is less well-preserved.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure and hut cricles shown with several curved sections of walling.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric settlement of seven large ruined hut circles and vestiges of enclosures on the moderate eastern slope of the River Erme, south of Left Lake. Six of the hut circles sit in an approximate north to south alignment on the 355 metre contour. The huts are robustly constructed, levelled into the slope, with internal diameters between approximately 6.5 and 8.7 metres, and most have evidence of both their inner and outer wall faces surviving in part. Although now degraded and spread, the walls were once up to 1.5 metres thick. Four of the circles have visible entrance openings on the southern arc of the circle. Evidence for post-abandonment interventions are apparent in four of the huts, built into their interiors, including two small post-prehistoric rectangular shelters (of 2.8 metres by 5.3 metres and 3 metres by 2.5 metres) of unknown date and one hut circle of 3.5 metres, potentially prehistoric. One of the huts has a sub-rectangular enclosure of approximately 19 metres by 19 metres attached to its western side. A further hut circle, surviving only as a crescent stony bank is attached to the western corner of this enclosure. Vestiges of incomplete enclosures survive to the north-east and south-west of the hut group, though these are all less well built than the hut circles.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1004574 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

This monument includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement with a single enclosure and several additional boundary banks situated on the western slopes of Harford Moor overlooking the valleys of the River Erme and Left Lake. The settlement survives as a series of eight stone hut circles, a single oval enclosure and several lengths of boundary bank. The enclosure wall is up to 1.2 metres wide and approximately 0.3 metres high and connects two of the stone hut circles, the other boundary banks are similarly preserved and the two longest form curving arcs to the north east and south west of the settlement. The stone hut circles are defined by substantial either orthostatic faced or coursed walls measuring up to 3 metres wide and 2 metres high and range in size internally from 6.2 metres to 7.5 metres in diameter. Several huts are linked by boundary banks, four have internal curving partition walls and where visible the entrances face south.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV165972Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1977. SX66SW42. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV165973Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1982. Field Monument Warden Visit. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV165974Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1976 - 1977. Settlement south of Left Lake. Harford Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV165975Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 5128-9.
SDV165976Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6463. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 53, Map 54, Figure 54.13.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1004574. [Mapped feature: #91436 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV79058Parent of: Enclosure in settlement south of Left Lake (Monument)
MDV79051Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79052Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79053Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79054Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79055Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79056Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79057Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79050Parent of: Hut circle in unenclosed prehistoric settlement south of Left Lake, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 3 2020 1:55PM