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HER Number:MDV4256
Name:Cairn with a cist and retaining kerb south-east of Lower Piles, Harford

Summary

Cairn '15' (Butler) with a cist and retaining circle to the south-east of Lower Piles

Location

Grid Reference:SX 645 602
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SW55
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/18
  • Old SAM County Ref: 819
  • Old SAM Ref: 10523
  • Pastscape: 442339

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN CIRCLE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Rowe, S., 1848, Perambulation of Dartmoor, 80 (Monograph). SDV154476.

Kelly, T., 1866, Celtic remains on Dartmoor, 46 (Article in Serial). SDV154696.

Cist referred to by author.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Kistvaen (Remains of)' shown on 19th century map.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 400 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1917, 36th report of the barrow committee, 79-81 (Article in Serial). SDV157184.

The cist is of fair size. The slabs constituting the sides lean inward somewhat. The coverstone has gone and either there never was an endstone to the north-west, or it has been removed. The end is now formed by several small stones, probably part of the cairn. The cist has been covered by a cairn, now removed, and 7 stones of the retaining circle still stand. Six of these stones are of very moderate dimensions, but the seventh on the down hill side is larger.

Worth, R. H., 1943, 62nd report on barrows, 55, Plate 11 (Article in Serial). SDV165840.

Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 28, 33-4, Figures 11-12, 20 (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

In good condition and regarded as astronomically interesting.

Burl, A., 1975, The Stone Circles of the British Isles, 345 (Monograph). SDV165842.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6460, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157244.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

North-west endstone missing. Top edge of the four sides now almost level with the ground.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 140 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV342809.

Site visited on 1st June 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible on aerial photograph and recorded.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visited on 19th December 1986.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 42, 72, d13 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Ring setting 3.7 metres internal diameter, around a central cist. Seven stones in the ring including one taller than the remainder, forming a visual focal point.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 30-33, Map 53, Figure 53.9 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Cairn '15' at SX64536026 with a cist and a prominent retaining circle of seven slabs. The tops of a few stones further from the base suggest there may be buried outer rings. Two sides and an end stone remain of the cist but most of the mound has gone.

Cartographic Engineering, 2006, Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital) (Aerial Photograph). SDV345590.

Visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442339, SX66SW55 (Website). SDV363416.

Site visited on 24th March 1950. The capstone and north-west endstone of the cist are missing.
Field Investigation on 3rd August 1977. At SX 64536025 A small round cairn 4.3 metres diameter and 0.4 metres high, lies on a moderate, well drained, north-west facing slope at 300 metres above OD. It is constructed of small boulders, now turf covered, and edged by a retaining circle, which consist of 7 stones, maximum size, 1.3 metres by 0.25 metres and 1.1 metres high. A cist, 1.0 metres by 0.7 to 0.8 metres internally and 0.9 metres deep, is placed off-centre and aligned on a grid bearing of 156 degrees. The north-east sidestone measures 1.5 metres by 0.2 metres; the south-west 1.25 metres by 0.15 metres and the south-east end stone 0.7 metres by 0.2 metres. The north-west end is revetted with boulders to a height of 0.6 metres; the cover stone is missing.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Southern of two 'Cairns' shown on modern mapping with a square cist shown within it.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1013101 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument consists of a cist within the retaining kerb of a cairn about 4 metres in diameter, remaining 0.3 metres high. The cist lies slightly to the east of the centre and is orientated south-east to north-west. Three of its side stones are in place, the north-west end being formed by smaller stones, possibly cairn material. The capstone is missing. It measures 1.2 metres in length, 0.6 metres wide at the south-east end and 0.4 metres wide at the north-west, with a depth of 0.9 metres. The slabs are 0.2 metres thick. The retaining kerb consists of six orthostats, averaging 0.3 metres high above the mound, with one large stone on the downhill side a metre high.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV154476Monograph: Rowe, S.. 1848. Perambulation of Dartmoor. 80.
SDV154696Article in Serial: Kelly, T.. 1866. Celtic remains on Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 1. 46.
SDV157184Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1917. 36th report of the barrow committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 49. 79-81.
SDV157244Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6460. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 3.
SDV165840Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1943. 62nd report on barrows. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 75. Paperback Volume. 55, Plate 11.
SDV165842Monograph: Burl, A.. 1975. The Stone Circles of the British Isles. 345.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 42, 72, d13.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 140.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 400.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 30-33, Map 53, Figure 53.9.
SDV342809Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Unknown.
SDV345590Aerial Photograph: Cartographic Engineering. 2006. Dartmoor 2006 1:1250 Aerial Photography (digital). Digital. [Mapped feature: #128815 ]
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 28, 33-4, Figures 11-12, 20.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442339, SX66SW55.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1013101.

Associated Monuments

MDV13483Related to: Cairn 230 meters north of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV27912Related to: Cairn at east end of Bullaven Reave, Harford (Monument)
MDV130037Related to: Cairn at south end of stone row, Harford (Monument)
MDV130029Related to: Cairn north of the Bullaven Reave south-west of Piles Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV130030Related to: Cairn north of the Bullaven Reave south-west of Piles Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV42373Related to: Cairn north-east of Harford Moor Gate, Harford (Monument)
MDV13092Related to: Cairn north-east of Moorgate, Harford (Monument)
MDV130031Related to: Cairn on Lower Piles to the north of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV130032Related to: Cairn on Lower Piles to the north of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV130033Related to: Cairn on Lower Piles to the north of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV130034Related to: Cairn on Lower Piles to the north of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV13094Related to: Cairn on Lower Piles, near the valley of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV130028Related to: Cairn on the Bullaven Reave south-west of Piles Hill, Harford (Monument)
MDV130016Related to: Cairn on the Bullaven Reave, Harford (Monument)
MDV4305Related to: Cairn south-east of Lower Piles, Harford (Monument)
MDV4305Related to: Cairn south-east of Lower Piles, Harford (Monument)
MDV4305Related to: Cairn south-east of Lower Piles, Harford (Monument)
MDV4305Related to: Cairn south-east of Lower Piles, Harford (Monument)
MDV13091Related to: Cairn to north of Butter Brook, Harford (Monument)
MDV130027Related to: Mounds on the Bullaven Reave, Harford (Monument)
MDV16515Related to: Possible cairn south of the Bullaven Reave, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 20 2021 12:37PM