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HER Number:MDV4257
Name:Cairn circle at southern end of stone row on Burford Down

Summary

Cairn at the southern terminal of the stone row on Burford Down (MDV4333). The retaining kerb consists of six standing and seven fallen stones giving a diameter of 10 metres. The cairn mound is hollow in the centre and a maximum 0.6 metres high.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 636 601
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 SW 57
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/19
  • Old SAM County Ref: 821
  • Pastscape: 442345

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1892, 14th Report of the Barrow Committee, 47-48 (Article in Serial). SDV237177.


Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 401 (Monograph). SDV320981.


Worth, R. H., 1921, 40th Report of the Barrow Committee, 84, plate (Article in Serial). SDV165957.

At the southern end of the stone row is a stone circle, apparently the retaining circle of a barrow. The retaining circle is 10 metres in diameter at the end of the stone row surrounds the remains of a barrow. There are 5 stones still standing, but no sign of a cist. Retaining circle at south end of row.


Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 288 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW57 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165958.

Stone circle 7 feet in diameter, 7 stones, 3 feet in height at the end of the stone row on Burford Down (20/2/1950).


Parsons, H., 1953, Investigations into the Burford Down Stone Row, 145-147 (Article in Serial). SDV165956.


Ancient Monuments, 1970, Cairns and stone row west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down, 5/5/1970 (Schedule Document). SDV154730.

To the west of Tristis Rock (700 yards north of Harford church) are two retaining circles, each set about the remains of a barrow and a plundered cist. From the further circle (MDV4257) a stone row (MDV4333) runs almost due north; heavily plundered after about 400 yards. The terminal menhir is 149 yards from the centre of the first newtake wall which cuts across the stone row, making the entire row about 550 yards long; the 4th longest row on Dartmoor.


Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 28, figure 6 (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

Only six stones in the circle are still standing, cairn remains cover the interior. Plan of circle published.


National Monument Record, 1976, SX6360/1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165921.

Cairn is visible on the aerial photograph.


Burl, A., 1977, Stone Circles of the British Isles, 344 (Monograph). SDV260575.


Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

25/7/1976 and 9/5/1978 About 100 metres west of Tristis Rock there is a stone circle. In 1977 only three standing stones, with others sufficient to show line of circle. There is a low cairn in the centre, height less than 0.3 metres with a few scattered stones, hollow centred.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 140/ Harford 5 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(24/6/1973) Cairn with retaining circle of which three stones remain standing. Diameter 10 metres, height 0.3 metres.


Hankin, C. F., 1980, An Archaeological Check-List for Harford (Un-published). SDV361875.

25/7/1976 and 9/5/1978 About 100 metres west of Tristis Rock there is a stone circle. In 1977 only three standing stones, with others sufficient to show line of circle. There is a low cairn in the centre, height less than 0.3 metres with a few scattered stones, hollow centred.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Cairn is visible on 1976 National Monument Record aerial photograph and is recorded on map overlay.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 54, 78/ F10 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Encircled cairn. Ring of orthostats 10.2 metres in diameter, around cairn 7.7 metres diameter and 0.5 metres high. Much disturbed. Aligned west of centre of single stone row.


Parks, D., 2017, Cairns and monuments on Burford Down (Un-published). SDV360112.

Features were visited on 13/03/2016 and photographed and positions recorded. Correction noted for duplicate record MDV4311; this refers to MDV4258.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 07/03/2017 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The Burford Down stone alignment has been traced for 450m, from the retaining kerb at the southern terminal north into Yadsworthy newtake. The alignment incorporates at least 100 stones, many upright or tilted and up to 0.8m high. Though robbing has occurred, particularly near the newtake wall, the spacing of the stones is considered to have averaged 1.5m. There is no northern terminal, but the alignment can be traced over 80m beyond the newtake wall. The retaining kerb consists of six standing and seven fallen stones giving a diameter of 10m. The cairn mound is hollow in the centre and a maximum 0.6m high.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape, Accessed 07/03/2017 (Website). SDV359964.

The south terminal cairn, 9.0 metres in diameter and 0.6 metres high, has a central depression, about 2.5 metres in diameter and 0.4 metres deep, and is edged by 3 upright and 2 fallen orthostats, average 0.7 metres by 0.2 metres and up to 0.9 metres high, the remains of a retaining circle or peristalith.
1:10 000 Survey revised on MSD. Enlargement survey at 1:500 on OS 495 (citing Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments CC 02-AUG-77)


Parks, D., 2017, Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks (Website). SDV360111.

Webpage http://www.dartmoorwalks.org.uk/resource/site.php?SiteID=210 refers to this feature, named as Burford Down Encircled Cairn.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV154730Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1970. Cairns and stone row west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown. 5/5/1970.
SDV165921Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6360/1. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV165956Article in Serial: Parsons, H.. 1953. Investigations into the Burford Down Stone Row. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 85. Unknown. 145-147.
SDV165957Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1921. 40th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 53. Unknown. 84, plate.
SDV165958Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW57. Oakford Archaeology. Card Index.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 54, 78/ F10.
SDV237177Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1892. 14th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Website. 47-48.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 288.
SDV260575Monograph: Burl, A.. 1977. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Unknown. 344.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 140/ Harford 5.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 401.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 28, figure 6.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #91446 ]
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 07/03/2017.
SDV359964Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 07/03/2017.
SDV360111Website: Parks, D.. 2017. Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks. http://www.dartmoorwalks.org.uk. Website.
SDV360112Un-published: Parks, D.. 2017. Cairns and monuments on Burford Down. Digital.
SDV361875Un-published: Hankin, C. F.. 1980. An Archaeological Check-List for Harford. Devon Archaeological Society Publication. 11. A4 Comb Bound.

Associated Monuments

MDV4333Related to: Stone row on Burford Down (Monument)
MDV4258Related to: Tristis Rock cairn circle and cist on Burford Down, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 7 2017 3:51PM