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HER Number:MDV4258
Name:Tristis Rock cairn circle and cist on Burford Down, Harford

Summary

Cairn with retaining circle near to the tor (Tristis Rock). It has a central cist, surrounded by an apparently complete retaining circle or peristalith of 12 regularly spaced stones up to 0.9 metres by 0.2 metres and 0.8 metres high. Only the south side stone of the cist remains within a central hollow.
It is aligned on the terminal cairn of the nearby stone row

Location

Grid Reference:SX 637 601
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 SW 59
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/20
  • Old SAM County Ref: 822
  • Old SAM Ref: 10528
  • Pastscape: 442351

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN CIRCLE (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • CIST (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Worth, R. H., 1892, 14th Report of the Barrow Committee, 47-48 (Article in Serial). SDV237177.

Near Yadsworthy, in the Erme Valley, there is a stone circle of about 33 feet in diameter (MDV4257), surrounding a barrow which has at some time been opened. Connected with this is a stone row. In a line with the stone circle at the southern end of the row and nearer to the tor is a smaller but more perfect circle of 18 feet dimeter, with nine stones still standing and apparently one side of the kistvaen in place.


Worth, R. N., 1892, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor, 401-402 (Article in Serial). SDV237176.


Worth, R. H., 1902, 21st Report of the Barrow Committee, 140 (Article in Serial). SDV20971.


Falcon, T. A., 1905, Dartmoor: A Note on Graves, 460 (Article in Serial). SDV257059.


Worth, R. H., 1921, 40th Report of the Barrow Committee, 84-85, plan (Article in Serial). SDV165957.

On Burford Down, near Tristis Rock, is a retaining circle of a barrow, internal diameter between 16 and 17 feet and consisting of twelve stones which enclose the remaining south side stone of a cist. The overall length of the side stone is 4 feet 6 inches, the internal length of the cist would not have been more than 3 feet.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW59 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165914.

Barrow, circle and cist. 15 feet in diameter (presumably relates to circle surrounding cist), 11 stones only one side of cist left (20/02/1950).
Card cites Worth (1921) and Grinsell (1978) and states that Worth's description a measurements are accurate.


Ancient Monuments, 1970, Cairns and stone row west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down, 5/5/1970 (Schedule Document). SDV154730.

There are 10 kerb stones in-situ. The centre of the barrow is robbed out, and the remains of a cist are visible. There is cairn material remaining to a height of 800 millimetres.


Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R., 1973, Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor, 25, 35, figures 5, 22, 23 (Article in Serial). SDV345864.

Site surveyed (1971?) and measured plan published. Only one stone of the central cist remains.


National Monument Record, 1976, SX6360/1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165921.

Visible on the aerial photograph.


Burl, A., 1977, Stone Circles of the British Isles (Monograph). SDV260575.


Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist, 25/7/1976 (Worksheet). SDV149931.

(Visited 25/7/1976) About 70 metres west of Tristis Rock, there is a stone circle with nine standing stones the most northerly of which has the maximum height of 68.6 centimetres. The remains of a cist within a circle consists of one stone which is partly buried. Circle diameter of around 4.8 metres, maximum height of stone 68.6 centimetres; cist - stone length 1.22 metres by 0.152 metres. All the monuments on Burford Down seem to have undergone considerable change in the last thirty years or so.


Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 140 / Harford 6 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(24/6/1973) Cairn with retaining circle of which nine stones are still standing. Diameter 5.4 metres, height 0.3 metres.


Hankin, C. F., 1980, An Archaeological Check-List for Harford, 25/7/1976 (Un-published). SDV361875.

(Visited 25/7/1976) About 70 metres west of Tristis Rock, there is a stone circle with nine standing stones the most northerly of which has the maximum height of 68.6 centimetres. The remains of a cist within a circle consists of one stone which is partly buried. Circle diameter of around 4.8 metres, maximum height of stone 68.6 centimetres; cist - stone length 1.22 metres by 0.152 metres. All the monuments on Burford Down seem to have undergone considerable change in the last thirty years or so.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Visible on 1976 National Monuments Record aerial photograph and recorded on map overlay.


Ancient Monuments, 1990, Cairn to the west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down (Schedule Document). SDV154731.

Cairn 5.5 metres diameter, 0.6 metres high with retaining kerb of 10 stones up to 0.6 metres high. Southern side of robbed central cist 1.22 metres long by 0.15 metres thick.


Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 75/ E22 (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Platform circle. Ring of kerb stones, 4.9 metres internal diameter, enclosing flat-topped cairn 0.4m high with central cist.


Parks, D., 2017, Cairns and monuments on Burford Down (Un-published). SDV360112.

Features were visited on 13/03/2016 and photographed and positions recorded. Correction noted for duplicate record MDV4311; this refers to MDV4258.


Ordnance Survey, 2017, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359962.

Cairn is depicted on the modern mapping.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 07/03/2017 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

Despite some disturbance, Tristis Rock cairn is a well-preserved example of a cairn with retaining kerb and cist and occupies a prominent position on the brow of a hill.
Details
The cairn by Tristis Rock is 5.5 metres in diameter and survives to a height of 0.6 metres, with a retaining kerb of ten stones up to 0.6 metres high and the south side of a robbed cist, measuring 1.22 metres in length and 0.15 metres in thickness, in the centre.


National Monument Record, 2017, Pastscape, Accessed 07/03/2017 (Website). SDV359964.

Monument 442351. SX 63776015 A circular cairn, 5 to 5.3 metres in diameter and 0.6 metres high, on the summit of a small ridge of 260 metres above ordnance datum. It has a central cist, surrounded by an apparently complete retaining circle or peristalith of 12 regularly spaced stones up to 0.9 metres by 0.2 metres and 0.8 metres high. Only the south side stone of the cist remains within a central hollow.
It is aligned on the terminal cairn of the nearby stone row (SX 66 SW 57), grid bearing 282o. 1:10 000 survey revised on MSD (Citing Ordnance Survey Field Investigators Comments CC 01-AUG-77).


Parks, D., 2017, Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks (Website). SDV360111.

Webpage http://www.dartmoorwalks.org.uk/resource/site.php?SiteID=342 details the Burford Down (Tristis Rock) Platform Cairn Circle and Cist.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital. 25/7/1976.
SDV154730Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1970. Cairns and stone row west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown. 5/5/1970.
SDV154731Schedule Document: Ancient Monuments. 1990. Cairn to the west of Tristis Rock, Burford Down. The Schedule of Monuments. Unknown.
SDV165914Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW59. Oakford Archaeology. Card Index.
SDV165921Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX6360/1. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown.
SDV165957Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1921. 40th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 53. Unknown. 84-85, plan.
SDV20971Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1902. 21st Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 34. A5 Paperback + Digital. 140.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 75/ E22.
SDV237176Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1892. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Digital. 401-402.
SDV237177Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1892. 14th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 24. Website. 47-48.
SDV257059Article in Serial: Falcon, T. A.. 1905. Dartmoor: A Note on Graves. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 37. 460.
SDV260575Monograph: Burl, A.. 1977. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Stone Circles of the British Isles. Unknown.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 140 / Harford 6.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345864Article in Serial: Davidson, C. + Seabrook, R.. 1973. Stone Rings on south-east Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 31. Paperback Volume. 25, 35, figures 5, 22, 23.
SDV359962Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2017. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #91447 ]
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 07/03/2017.
SDV359964Website: National Monument Record. 2017. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 07/03/2017.
SDV360111Website: Parks, D.. 2017. Prehistoric Dartmoor Walks. http://www.dartmoorwalks.org.uk. Website.
SDV360112Un-published: Parks, D.. 2017. Cairns and monuments on Burford Down. Digital.
SDV361875Un-published: Hankin, C. F.. 1980. An Archaeological Check-List for Harford. Devon Archaeological Society Publication. 11. A4 Comb Bound. 25/7/1976.

Associated Monuments

MDV4257Related to: Cairn circle at southern end of stone row on Burford Down (Monument)
MDV4336Related to: Settlement north-north-west of Tristis Rocks, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Mar 7 2017 3:13PM