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HER Number:MDV4259
Name:Prehistoric settlement with enclosures and hut circles on the south side of Stalldown, Cornwood

Summary

Large prehistoric settlement of six enclosures and numerous hut circles on the south side of Stalldown

Location

Grid Reference:SX 637 611
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/21
  • Old SAM Ref: 10518

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

'Hut Circles' and enclosures shown on 19th century map.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6361, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138823.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Six enclosures visible with thirty-four hut circles. Fifteen hut circles are attached to walls or fragments of bank, and four more are attached to each other.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 41-42, Map 54, Figure 54.3 (Monograph). SDV337765.

At 'Stalldown South-east 1' is one of the largest settlements in the Erme valley developed across the south-eastern foot of Stalldown. Huts and enclosures are almost continuous for about a kilometre on the edge of the open moorland, and may well have extended even further west into Yadsworthy outer newtake. There is abundant evidence of older enclosures within the adjacent field, partially cleared walls and curved lines of slabs on low banks, which could well be of prehistoric origin. A modern track cuts across the centre of the site damaging both huts and enclosures. Originally there appears to have been two separate communities sharing this part of the hillside, becoming closer neighbours as the settlements expanded. A wall midway between the communities created a boundary rather than a barrier. This wall encircled the upstream group though northwards it never reached the river. It was laid out as a line of spaced slabs set in a rubble bank. Below the track the boundary curves northwards to end at a hut just above the valley floor.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosures and hut circles shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A dispersed prehistoric settlement of six enclosures and 35 hut circles with additional lengths of detached enclosure walls, on the lower southern slopes of Stall Down.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

'Settlement' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1012771 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

This unenclosed stone hut settlement, comprising thirty-four hut circles and six enclosures, lies on a gentle slope north-east of Yadsworthy. The archaeological features lie on either side of a modern track. Fifteen of the huts are attached to enclosures or banks, four are in two attached pairs, the rest are detached and they vary in size and construction, remaining up to a metre high and 12 metres in diameter with orthostatic walling and entrances. The banks also include orthostats, remaining over a metre in height in some places. The modern waterworks track is excluded from the scheduling, but the underlying deposits are included.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 44223, SX66SW21 (Website). SDV363416.

Centred at SX 63746117 this settlement consists of 6 enclosures 'A' to 'F', mostly in poor condition, with 13 associated hut circles and 17 detached ones and extends over 5 hectares of a gentle to moderate, well drained, southeast facing slope at 270 metres above OD.
The enclosures, especially 'B', 'C' and 'D', and the area between the settlements and the newtake wall to the south seem to have been cleared of surface boulders and this, together with the lynchets in enclosure 'A' and to the south, would suggest that limited
cultivation was practised.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138823Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6361. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 41-42, Map 54, Figure 54.3.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #124859 ]
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1012771.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 44223, SX66SW21.

Associated Monuments

MDV19969Parent of: Eastern enclosure 'D' on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV123438Parent of: Enclosure 'B' within prehistoric settlement on the lower southern slopes of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127886Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127887Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127888Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127889Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127890Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127891Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127892Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127893Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127894Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127895Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127896Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127897Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV19971Parent of: Free-standing hut circle within large settlement on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127882Parent of: Hut circle outside the eastern enclosure on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127883Parent of: Hut circle to west of eastern enclosure on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127881Parent of: Hut circle within eastern enclosure on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127924Parent of: Hut circle within Enclosure 'B' on the lower southern slopes of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127925Parent of: Hut circle within Enclosure 'B' on the lower southern slopes of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127923Parent of: Hut circle within small prehistoric Enclosure 'E' on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV127926Parent of: Linear features within prehistoric settlement on the lower southern slopes of Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV19970Parent of: North-eastern enclosure 'F' on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4260Parent of: North-western prehistoric Enclosure 'A' on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV26726Parent of: Small prehistoric Enclosure 'E' with hut on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4263Parent of: South-eastern enclosure 'C' on Stalldown, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV123437Related to: Clearance cairns north of Yadsworthy Waste, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV15071Related to: Piles Reave in the Erme Valley, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Apr 18 2020 1:57PM