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HER Number:MDV4273
Name:ENCLOSURE in the Parish of Cornwood

Summary

Vis=31/3/1950 (os) a fine example of enclosure and hut circles. Extensive prehistoric settlement area. Two villages contiguous, the larger pound a development of the smaller. Pound walls and those of huts consist of stone and turf. At least 22 huts within the enclosure. To the north and south of the pounds are scatters of isolated huts generally much larger than the enclosed huts. On the south there are remains of fields or paddocks. Rough moorland.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 620 635
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/32
  • Old SAM County Ref: 460
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24100
  • Old SAM Ref: 10847

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Whiteley, N., Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV137283.

Vis=-/9/1865 (whiteley) plan shows 4 huts within the smaller enclosure, and 14 within the larger. Hunts described as having 'door jambs generally opening to s: composed of granite slabs set on edge' (whiteley).

Ancient Monuments, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV165439.

Vis=-/12/1960 (ancient monuments).

RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV165442.

Agglomerated and partitioned enclosure of at least three elements containing 26 hut circles, six attached (rchm app 1985).

AM, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV165443.

Vis=estimated -/-/1990 (ancient monuments) agglomerated enclosure consisting of 2 sub-circular parts covering an area of 2ha. Bank 2m wide, 1m high with entrance to se. Six hut circles in w part, 15 in e part with one attached to outside of s bank of e part. Hut circles range 5m to 11.5m diam, walls 2m thick, 1m high. One has sub-chamber. Some have faced walls. Entrances predominantly to s or se (am).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV165446.

Osa=sx66sw30. (31/03/1950 (os) a fine example of enclosure and hut circles. Extensive prehistoric settlement area. Two villages contiguous, the larger pound a development of the smaller. Pound walls and those of huts consist of stone and turf. At least 22 huts within the enclosure. To the north and south of the pounds are scatters of isolated huts generally much larger than the enclosed huts. On the south there are remains of fields or paddocks. Rough moorland.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV165447.

Aph=nmr sx 63 63.

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV165448.

Bate, c. S. /tda/4 pt.2(1871)498/prehistoric antiquities of dartmoor.

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV165449.

Aph=nmr sf1457/326-7(1/3/1979).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV165450.

Des=whiteley, n. /(-/9/1855)/notes + plan in manaton pf.

BATE, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV303967.

Osa=sx66sw30. (05/08/1977 (os) extensive settlement covering 6ha. At sx61976358 a sub-oval enclosure an enclosed village at yealm head. One enclosure about 126m square is smaller. Entrance to south. Surrounding wall is almost perfect. Remains of 2 or 3 huts on eastern side of the wall. These huts are straight on two sides and curved on the third. Several more huts in smaller enclosure. Outside the wall on the summit of the hill and on all sides are many other huts (bate).

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133079 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(11/03/1993) This agglomerate enclosure containing 25 hut circles forms the central part of a large hut settlement, lying on a south-facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Yealm. Enclosure includes two sub-circular parts lying across the slope and covering an area of 1.9 hectares. The western enclosure is the earliest, measures 0.7 hectares and is defined by a 3m wide and 0.6m high rubble wall. A clearly defined entrance into this enclosure survives in the south-western circuit, but other gaps in the north and south-east may be of more recent origin. Eight hut circles are said to survive within this enclosure, although only five were recorded during the mpp field visit. A gap in the eastern circuit wall of this enclosure leads into the second, later and larger, enclosure. This enclosure measures 1.2 hectares and is defined by a 2.5m wide and 1m high rubble wall. Nineteen hut circles lie within this enclosure, one is attached to the s outer face and one lies either side of the boundary between the two enclosures.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137283Report - Survey: Whiteley, N..
SDV165439Report - Survey: Ancient Monuments.
SDV165442Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV165443Report - Survey: AM.
SDV165446Migrated Record:
SDV165447Aerial Photograph:
SDV165448Migrated Record:
SDV165449Aerial Photograph:
SDV165450Migrated Record:
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133079.
SDV303967Migrated Record: BATE.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 1 2020 8:20AM