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HER Number:MDV4288
Name:Prehistoric hut circle settlement east of the River Erme, Harford

Summary

Prehistoric hut circle settlement with enclosures east of the River Erme with about 22 hut circles grouped along the contour

Location

Grid Reference:SX 643 627
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/44
  • Old SAM County Ref: 813
  • Old SAM Ref: 10521

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6463, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165976.

Photograph taken on 12th April 1969.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

Site visited in May 1977 and April 1980. On the south-west facing slope of Harford Moor, north of the Piles Copse, east of the River Erme, just above the scarp where the ground falls steeply to a prehistoric enclosure. Long grass and bracken. An open site of about 22 hut circles grouped along the contour over an area of circa 250 metres by 100 metres. The external diameters of the huts vary from 5 metres to 11 metres, some huts have walls 2 metres - 3 metres wide and up to 1 metre high. The condition varies from good to very poor.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV345608.

Site visited on 2nd June 1982.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Fourteen hut circles are visible, two of them attached to each other. Three short linear banks or walls are attached to some of the huts.

Robinson, R., 1986, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986 (Un-published). SDV345664.

Site visited on 19th December 1986.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Settlement shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric settlement of 20 ruined hut circles and three enclosures on the moderate lower eastern slope of the River Erme, which forms part of a large, spread prehistoric settlement extending along the flank of Harford Moor. The enclosures comprise partly turf-covered stony banks, now degraded and spread to approximately 2.5 metres wide by up to 0.8 metres high. The central enclosure (SX 64402 62778) has an incomplete circuit but would have covered an area of approximately 0.37 hectares, and probably contained at least five free-standing huts and a further five incorporated into the enclosure circuit. The western enclosure (SX 64323 62780) has an area of 0.62 hectares and a single hut circle incorporated into the south wall. The eastern enclosure (SX 64479 62779) also has a single hut circle and an internal area of 0.047 hectares. Eight more hut circles appear un-associated with any of the enclosures. The approximate internal diameters of the hut circles is between 4.5 metres and 8.7 metres. The walls are degraded and spread, but all are of similar construction with many stones of both inner and outer walls surviving in situ. Five of the huts have visible entrance openings on the south-south-east arc of the circle.

National Monuments Record, 2020, Pastscape, 442309, SX66SW45 (Website). SDV363416.

On a steep south-west facing slope of Harford Moor, between approximately 333.0 metres and 383.0 metres OD is an open settlement of thirty-five hut circles. The bracken covered and boulder strewn settlement covers an area of 0.35 hectares. The huts appear to be grouped in two areas at SX 64366274 and SX 64456284. (Some huts are omitted due to scale), have levelled interiors, and in places are connected by walling averaging 1.0 metre wide and 0.4 metres high. At SX 64316277 and SX 64446283 the walling forms small enclosures (omitted due to scale). Some huts appear to be built on older sites while the hut at SX 64456282 is built within an earlier and larger hut. The fifteen type 1 huts vary from 2.4 metres to 5.0 metres in internal diameter with walling averaging 0.4 metres high and 1.4 metres wide with mainly south-western entrances. The Type 2 huts have walling averaging 1.7 metres wide and 0.5 metres high with internal diameters from 3.0 metres to 9.5 metres. The majority of the entrances are in the south. There are the remains of fields visible within the area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV165976Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6463. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345608Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV345664Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1986. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1986. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital.
SDV363416Website: National Monuments Record. 2020. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 442309, SX66SW45.

Associated Monuments

MDV127455Related to: Hut circle between two prehistoric settlements, Harford (Monument)
MDV127456Related to: Hut circle between two prehistoric settlements, Harford (Monument)
MDV127463Related to: Hut circle in the western enclosure within the prehistoric hut settlement, Harford (Monument)
MDV127546Related to: Hut circle inside a larger circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127457Related to: Hut circle to west of unenclosed prehistoric hut settlement, Harford (Monument)
MDV127543Related to: Hut circle with annexe within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127548Related to: Hut circle with section of wall to the north within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127539Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127540Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127541Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127542Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127544Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127547Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127550Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127552Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127553Related to: Hut circle within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV123440Related to: Pair of huts associated with a prehistoric enclosure to the south, Harford (Monument)
MDV4252Related to: Settlement of prehistoric enclosures and hut circles to the north of Piles Copse, Harford (Monument)
MDV127545Related to: Two hut circles with an adjoining wall within unenclosed prehistoric settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV13229Related to: Unenclosed prehistoric hut circle settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV4286Related to: Unenclosed prehistoric hut circle settlement on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Feb 14 2020 4:17PM