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HER Number:MDV4291
Name:Enclosure 'B' with hut circles 230 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford

Summary

Conjoined enclosures 'B' (Butler) with at least three associated hut circles at Dry Lake North. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 639 637
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Group of Bronze Age hut circle settlements west of Quickbeam Hill, adjacent to the River Erme, consisting of three sets of enclosures, two conjoined, with over ten associated hut circles

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/47
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Two adjoining enclosures shown on 19th century map as 'Hut Circles' with three associated hut circles.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1977, SX66SW11 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165742.

Enclosures and hut circles in good condition. (1950)
Enclosed settlement lying on a slope. Sub-triangular enclosure at SX63946377 with hut circle in line of the walls. Sub-rectangular enclosure to west at SX63916375 built in to the first. Contains one, possibly two hut circles.

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6463, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV165976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

An agglomerated enclosure of two elements is visible, with four hut circles attached to its walls (the easternmost element is the sub-triangular enclosure described by the Ordnance Survey, 1977). There is a group of three unenclosed hut circles to the north-west, and three unenclosed hut circles to the south-east, two of which are attached to each other and to a short length of reave.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 53-55,
ap 54, Figure 54.14
(Monograph). SDV337765.

Enclosure 'B' at Dry Lake North. This conjoined enclosure seems to have originated as an elongated narrow pound with a hut circle incorporated into the north-western end. A larger plot seems to have been added to the south-west side of this pound at a later date. This area includes two large hut circles, one of which is very substantial, and the partial remains of what may have been a much smaller building. These enclosures are much less solidly built than the enclosure to the south.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Two contiguous enclosures with a common wall running north-south. The western enclosure measures approximately 45.0 by 45.0 meters, the eastern enclosure approximately 45.0 by 25.0 meters. The walls are well preserved except the north and west walls of the larger enclosure, which are mostly whortleberry-covered. Height 0.6 meters varying. A group of nine hut circles is associated with this site.
This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Enclosures shown on modern mapping.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Two adjoining features visible on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosures surveyed.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figures 13 & 30 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A conjoined enclosure of two elements and three hut circles on the moderate eastern slope of the River Erme to the north of Dry Lake, whose layout demonstrates a chronological progression (as described by J Butler, 1993). The enclosures remain as turf-covered stony banks, now spread up to 3 metres in places. The banks remain mostly to less than 0.5 metres high, though some parts exceed that. Very fragmentary evidence of stone facings survive on the exterior and interior of the walls in the form of intermittent edge-set slabs. The primary (eastern) enclosure covers 0.08 hectares while the larger western example is 0.18 hectares. All three hut circles are built into the enclosure wall.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV165742Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1977. SX66SW11. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV165976Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6463. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 53-55, ap 54, Figure 54.14.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #123743 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV79066Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 'B' north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79067Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 'B' north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79068Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 'B' north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV28111Related to: Fragmentary Enclosure 'C' 400 meters north-west of Dry Lake (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 17 2020 2:18PM