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HER Number:MDV4294
Name:Prehistoric Settlement 200 metres north-west of Dry Lake, Harford

Summary

Enclosure with two hut circles north-west of Dry Lake gully, Harford Moor. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 639 635
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Group of Bronze Age hut circle settlements west of Quickbeam Hill, adjacent to the River Erme, consisting of three sets of enclosures, two conjoined, with over ten associated hut circles

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/48
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6363, 4 (Aerial Photograph). SDV156571.

Hankin, C. F., 1977, Enclosed hut circle settlement north of Drylake (Worksheet). SDV165677.

Enclosure with two hut circles about 200 metres north-west of the gulley known as Drylake, Harford Moor. A roughly circular enclosure with complete walls, strongly built and covered with whortleberry. The enclosure measures 55.0 – 60.0 metres in diameter, the walls measure approximately 0.6 metres in height. There is no obvious entrance.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66SW12 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV165675.

Enclosed settlement lying on a slope.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure with two hut circles attached to its wall visible and recorded.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Feature visible on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosurew with two hut circles shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 5 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

An enclosure with two hut circles on the moderate eastern slope of the River Erme to the north of Lower Dry Lake. The stony, turf-covered walls of the 0.3 hectare enclosure are collapsed and spread to up to 5 metres wide in places and approximately 0.5 metres high. Fragmentary evidence of the wall facings survive as in situ slabs. Remains of a possible entrance on the angular eastern corner consist of leaning and fallen granite slabs, though no opening is evident. Both hut circles are built into the northern arc of the enclosure wall (see MDV79062 and 4295). Remains of a slight, circular shelter with a diameter of 3.5 metres has been built against the southern exterior, comprising a low, turf-covered stony bank. A tinwork, comprising a 9 metre by 11 metre oval pit, a gully, and several prospecting pits, has caused some disturbance to the western arc of the enclosure. At the time of survey (May 2018), much of the enclosure interior was obscured by the growth of dense rushes.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV156571Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6363. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 4.
SDV165675Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66SW12. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card.
SDV165677Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977. Enclosed hut circle settlement north of Drylake. Harford Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #123852 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV79062Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 200 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79062Related to: Hut circle in enclosure 200 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV4295Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric enclosure 200 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79062Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure 200 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV79062Related to: Hut circle in enclosure 200 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)
MDV122912Related to: Small tin openwork on Harford Moor, Harford (Monument)
MDV127359Related to: Tinner's hut in prehistoric enclosure 200 meters north-west of Dry Lake, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 24 2020 11:35AM