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HER Number:MDV43120
Name:Pillow Mound on Hartland Warren

Summary

A possible pillow mound on The Warren, Hartland, is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs from the 1940s onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SS 227 250
Map Sheet:SS22NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishHartland
DistrictTorridge
Ecclesiastical ParishHARTLAND

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Archaeological cropmarks and earthworks, including a pillow mound on former clifftop Warren, west of Hartland Abbey
  • SHINE: Archaeological cropmarks and earthworks, including a pillow mound on former clifftop Warren, west of Hartland Abbey

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SS22NW/24/1
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLOW MOUND (Unknown date)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Sizeable mound marked on 1904-1905 25 inch Ordnance Survey map.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158, 5059-60 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349143.

An oval earthwork is visible on The Warren, Hartland. Other details: DCC RAF 3G/TUD/UK/158 5059-60 19-APR-1946.


Royal Air Force, 1956, RAF/82/1451, 0090-0091 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349052.

An oval earthwork is visible on The Warren, Hartland, Other details: NMR RAF/82/1451 F22 0090-0091 12-Jul-1956.


Griffith, F. M., 1984, DAP/BM, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV7381.

1984 aerial photograph appears to show this feature.


Horner, B., 1992, Pillow Mound, Photos (Worksheet). SDV341619.

Site visit 23/04/1992. Possible pillow mound situated about 45 metres east of tower on south east edge of a cliff-top hill. An elongated mound circa 20 metres long by circa 10 metres wide and up to about 0.3 metres high, although height appears increased on south and east by natural scarp. Under pasture but clearly very stoney. The area is known as The Warren and the tower may originally have been a warrener's house.


Horner, B., 1992, Untitled Source (Ground Photograph). SDV341620.


GetMapping, 1999, 089/99, 427-428 (Aerial Photograph). SDV349037.

The oval earthwork is not visible on aerial photogaps of 1999. Other details: DCC GM/089/99 427-8 24-JUL-1999.


Environment Agency, 2007, LiDAR data JPEG image (1 metre resolution), D0076495 (Cartographic). SDV349139.

Lidar revealed this feature survives as an earthwork in 2007. Other details: LIDAR SS2224 Environment Agency D0076495 24-MAR-2007.


Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J., 2007, The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report, No. 596 (Report - Assessment). SDV339712.


Hegarty, C. + Knight, S., 2011 - 2012, North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project (Interpretation). SDV349018.

An oval earthwork is visible on The Warren, Hartland, on aerial photographs of the 1940s onwards. The earthwork, which measures approximately 18 metres by 11 metres at is widest point, could be the remains of a pillow mound of medieval or post-medieval date. Alternatively, the earthwork could be the remains of a barrow or burial mound of Bronze Age date, which perhaps was reused as a pillow mound in later periods. Although not clearly visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1999, Environment Agency Lidar revealed that this feature survives as an earthwork in 2007.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV339712Report - Assessment: Collings, A. G. + Manning, P. T. + Valentin, J.. 2007. The North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. Phase 1. Archaeological Survey. Summary Report. Exeter Archaeology Report. 06.22 (rev.1). A4 Stapled + Digital. No. 596.
SDV341619Worksheet: Horner, B.. 1992. Pillow Mound. Worksheet + Digital. Photos.
SDV341620Ground Photograph: Horner, B.. 1992. Photograph (Paper).
SDV349018Interpretation: Hegarty, C. + Knight, S.. 2011 - 2012. North Devon Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty National Mapping Programme Project. AC Archaeology Report. ACD383/2/1. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV349037Aerial Photograph: GetMapping. 1999. 089/99. GetMapping Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 427-428.
SDV349052Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1956. RAF/82/1451. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 0090-0091.
SDV349139Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2007. LiDAR data JPEG image (1 metre resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. D0076495. [Mapped feature: #91575 ]
SDV349143Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/158. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5059-60.
SDV7381Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1984. DAP/BM. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.

Associated Monuments

MDV37676Related to: The Pleasure House, Hartland Warren (Building)
MDV43119Related to: The Warren, Hartland (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4000 - Site visit to Hartland Warren
  • EDV6132 - North Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty NMP Project

Date Last Edited:Jun 1 2018 6:09PM