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HER Number:MDV4321
Name:Bronze Age settlement north of Blatchford Bottom

Summary

Agglomerated enclosure comprising at least five elements and several hut circles north of Blatchford Bottom. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 634 640
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of prehistoric hut circle settlements at Blatchford Bottom, as well as extensive area of medieval or later tin streamworks along the Bledge Brook and the River Erme

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/70
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Parts of two enclosures and one hut circle shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW7 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV156510.

Remains of enclosure and two hut circles. These structures are very vague and fragmentary, the walls consisting only of small stones approximately 0.2 meters high.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure of up to five (possibly more) elements containing four attached hut circles and two unattached hut circles.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 56-57, Map 54, Figure 54.16 (Monograph). SDV337765.

A cluster of joined enclosures with associated hut circles. The remains of these enclosures are insubstantial and some sections have disappeared in places. At least five separate enclosures can be traced here, with three associated hut circles.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Six adjoining enclosures shown on modern mapping.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosures visible on aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Six adjoining enclosures shown although three are incomplete due to encroaching tin streamworks and one has part of the north-western boundary missing.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A clustered prehistoric enclosure complex of six elements, with three hut circles, on the lower western slope of the Erme Valley, to the north of Blatchford Bottom. A small portion of the site at the northern end has been lost to erosion where the steep escarpment of the river has gradually crumbled, taking the wall with it. The six enclosures are spread on a north to south axis, with the whole complex covering 215 metres by 60 metres and just under 1 hectare. The nucleus is the smallest enclosure at 0.04 hectares near the northern section and has two hut circles built into its corners. Additional enclosures were added to north and south and one to the west. The largest of these, and probably last to be added, is at the southern end with an area of 0.32 hectares. The eastern wall of this enclosure has now mostly slipped down the slope, leaving a stony scarp. The enclosure walls were constructed from stone but are now very spread, denuded and turf covered. Most are less than 0.5 metres high with some as low as 0.3 metres and are spread to a maximum width of 3 metres. A very few in situ boulders and fragments of facing walls survive in place. The largest hut circle is built into the corner of the nuclear enclosure. The walls were heavily embanked into the slope and have now spread to over 5 metres, but remain in excess of 1 metre high in places. Small traces of stone representing the interior facing wall of the hut circle survive and suggest the internal diameter of the hut was approximately 7.5 metres. An entrance opening survives on the southern arc of the wall. A second hut circle at the southern end of this enclosure survives only as a spread earthwork ring with a subtly levelled centre. The interior cannot be measured but the overall diameter of the earthwork is 7.4 metres. The third hut circle is incorporated into the wall of a secondary enclosure to the south. The embanked walls of this hut are also very spread and turf covered. Some stone of the interior facing wall survives, suggesting an internal diameter of approximately 6.5 metres.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3.
SDV156510Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW7. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 56-57, Map 54, Figure 54.16.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #122893 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV4322Parent of: Hut circle in enclosure north of Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV126941Parent of: Two hut circles in enclosure north of Blatchford Bottom, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Nov 15 2019 2:18PM