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HER Number:MDV43236
Name:Bicton Park, The Seven Stones


The Seven Stones at Bicton Park was probably the Prehistoric stone circle removed from Mutters Moor in 19th century.


Grid Reference:SY 074 857
Map Sheet:SY08NE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishBicton
DistrictEast Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishBICTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SY08NE/13/10
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • GARDEN FEATURE (Lower Palaeolithic to XXI - 698000 BC to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Gibbbens, G. M., 1952, Report of the east Devon branch, 345 (Article in Serial). SDV122390.

The grotto and the gardens of Bicton House were examined in an attempt to identify the seven stones removed from Muttersmoor in about 1820. The north entrance to the grotto is flanked by eight tabular stones. Two of these look as if they had originally been one stone. The stone appeared similar to that of the hard conglomerate bands in the Keuper sandstone at the foot of high peak. These may be the stones from the Seven Stones, though this is undecided.

Grinsell, L. V., 1983, The Barrows of South and East Devon, 28 (Article in Serial). SDV337013.

Department of Environment, 1987, Bicton, 12 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV114376.

The Seven Stones, Bicton Park. Stone circle with outliers. Originally Bronze Age but moved here and erected as a garden feature early 19C. Red-brown conglomerate sandstone. 8 irregularly shaped upright stones make up a rough circle, and there is another off centre inside the circle and another outside close by on the west side. A short distance south are 2 more recumbent stones. Although there are now 12 stones it is thought that these made up the Bronze Age 'Seven Stones' circle which once stood on Mutters Moor. They now form the centre of the 'Japanese garden', the furniture of which is not included in the listing.

Shenfield, L. W., 1991, Untitled Source (Worksheet). SDV122384.

For original setting of stone circle see PRN . Shenfield's plan of the 'Seven Stones' at Bicton does not describe a circle. Other details: Plan.

Weekes, E. J., 1997, Untitled Source (Personal Comment). SDV122385.

Stones have been removed by garden re-design. Other details: Telephone call re visit in March 1997.

Weekes, E. J., 1997, Untitled Source (Undergraduate Dissertation). SDV122386.

Most sources state that the 'Seven Stones' were removed from 'Mutters Moor' c1830 and taken to 'Bicton Gardens'. The stones appear to have been moved around the gardens. They had been part of the 'American Garden' rockery then moved to the 'Oriental Garden' c1985. In 1996 the stones were lying behind a hedge away from the formal gardens close to the 'Countryside Museum'. Other details: BSc Dissertation.

Exeter Archaeology, 2003-2004, East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey, Site No. 1994 (Archive - Survey). SDV351568.

Bicton House. Late 18th century mansion with extensive wings and outbuildings. Original mansion and park built 16th century on site of County prison. Now agricultural college. Listed Grade II*. 16th century deerpark Listed Grade 1. Features of interest (many with Listed Building status) within the extensive grounds include summerhouse, lodge gateposts, Palm House, Orangery, formal gardens and parkland, grotto, 19th century stone circle, forge, icehouse, ponds.

Tilley, C., 2017, Landscape in the Longue Durée, 340-341, fig 10.10 (Monograph). SDV361032.

Tilley discusses the movement of the stone circle to Bicton in around 1820. Possible location for the stones given as next to the Shell House.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV114376List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Bicton. Historic Houses Register. 12.
SDV122384Worksheet: Shenfield, L. W.. 1991.
SDV122385Personal Comment: Weekes, E. J.. 1997.
SDV122386Undergraduate Dissertation: Weekes, E. J.. 1997. The Seven Stones: past, present and future.
SDV122390Article in Serial: Gibbbens, G. M.. 1952. Report of the east Devon branch. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 84. 345.
SDV337013Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1983. The Barrows of South and East Devon. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. Paperback Volume. 28.
SDV351568Archive - Survey: Exeter Archaeology. 2003-2004. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. East Devon Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Archaeological Survey. Digital + Mixed Archive Material. Site No. 1994.
SDV361032Monograph: Tilley, C.. 2017. Landscape in the Longue Durée. Landscape in the Longue Durée. Digital. 340-341, fig 10.10.

Associated Monuments

MDV10604Part of: Bicton House (Building)
MDV10604Related to: Bicton House (Building)
MDV32459Part of: Bicton Park (Park/Garden)
MDV32459Related to: Bicton Park (Park/Garden)
MDV10604Part of: Bicton House (Building)
MDV10604Related to: Bicton House (Building)
MDV32459Part of: Bicton Park (Park/Garden)
MDV32459Related to: Bicton Park (Park/Garden)
MDV31975Related to: Bicton Park, Italianate Garden (Building)
MDV31976Related to: Bicton Park, Shell House & Rockery (Building)
MDV11040Related to: The Seven Stones, Stone Circle, Sidmouth (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Mar 22 2019 12:28PM