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HER Number:MDV4324
Name:Hut circle settlement on the western slope of Quickbeam Hill in the Erme Valley, Harford

Summary

Dispersed group of eight prehistoric hut circles and fragments of an enclosure in the Erme Valley north of the Quickbeam Hill reave. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 638 641
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/72
  • Old SAM County Ref: 809
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • UNENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950-1977, SX66SW8 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV156567.

Group of seven hut circles in the Erme Valley.

Ministry of Works, 1970, Hut circles in Erme Valley (Schedule Document). SDV346123.

Unenclosed group of six hut circles with diameters 5.62 to 6.12 meters. These huts consist of drystone walling to a maximum of three courses high and entrances on the south-eastern side.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6363, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV156571.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Hankin, C. F., 1978, Hut circle settlement in Erme Valley (Worksheet). SDV156569.

A group of hut circles scattered over an area 120 by 120 meters, centred at a point approximately 230 meters east of the Erme on ground rising eastward. Vestiges of an enclosure at northernmost hut circle.

Robinson, R., 1982, Field Monument Warden Visit (Worksheet). SDV156570.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden visit.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Eight hut circles visible and recorded with a linear feature at SX63886418.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 58, Map 54, Figure 54.17 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Group of eight well-preseved hut circles at Quickbeam Hill West lying 130 meters north of Quickbeam Hill reave. Part of an incomplete enclosure joins two of the hut circles (marked 1 and 2 on the plan). Some of the huts appear to have never been finished or may have been damaged or partly demolished.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Seven of the most easterly hut circles and the enclosure are visible on the 2010 aerial photography. No sign of PRN 4328, which may not be a circle. PRN 4329 may be visible as traces; this is an incomplete circle.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet), Figure 16 (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Harford Moor Settlement shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 16 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

An unenclosed prehistoric hut settlement of eight huts, and one small enclosure, on Erme Plains, 162 metres east of the River Erme on moderately sloping ground. Six of the huts are large, between 6 metres and 9.45 metres internal diameter. They were levelled into the slope and have robustly built, strong walls with masonry linings inside and out, embanked on the exterior. They survive up to 1.3 metres high. The stone linings are visible in several of the interiors and some external facings survive in places. Entrance openings are present on five of the huts on the south arc of the circle and one of these has remnants of a stone door lining. A seventh hut has been robbed of stone, with only a short arc of bare boulders surviving in situ. The eighth comprises a curious open-ended elliptical bank with internal dimensions of 7.1 metres by 2.8 metres. which could represent a disturbed hut circle, though this outline is not usual. The enclosure is a rough three-sided rectangular stony bank, which extends between this structure and a hut circle 14 metres to the west. The bank is now very denuded and spread though several stones of its fabric remain in situ along the western half. The eastern half of the enclosure is now barely visible.

Historic England, 2020, National Heritage List for England, 1002607 (National Heritage List for England). SDV363414.

The monument includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement situated on the lower western slopes of Quickbeam Hill to the east of the River Erme. The settlement survives as up to eight stone hut circles with a single orthostatic and rubble built wall connecting two of the huts. The stone hut circles are substantially built from coursed stone and orthostats standing up to 0.9 metres high and vary in size internally from 7 metres to 9 metres in diameter. Two of the huts are apparently incomplete, surviving as partial arcs of walling and one of these has an interior dividing wall. Where entrances are visible they are south facing.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper).
SDV156567Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950-1977. SX66SW8. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV156569Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1978. Hut circle settlement in Erme Valley. Harford Parish Checklist.
SDV156570Worksheet: Robinson, R.. 1982. Field Monument Warden Visit. Field Monument Warden Visit.
SDV156571Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6363. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. 3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 58, Map 54, Figure 54.17.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #91648 ]
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346123Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. 1970. Hut circles in Erme Valley. The Schedule of Monuments.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. Figure 16.
SDV363414National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2020. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002607.

Associated Monuments

MDV4328Parent of: Features to west of hut settlement in the Erme Valley (Monument)
MDV79060Parent of: Fragments of an enclosure in settlement in Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV19972Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV4246Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV4325Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV4326Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV4327Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV4330Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV79059Parent of: Hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)
MDV4329Parent of: Partial hut circle in prehistoric unenclosed hut circle settlement in the Erme Valley, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 17 2020 9:20AM