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HER Number:MDV4331
Name:Small prehistoric enclosure on the Erme Plains, Cornwood

Summary

Small ruined prehistoric enclosure with possible internal hut circle on the Erme Plains to theeast of the stone row. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 635 648
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Knackersmill Gulf prehistoric settlement consisting of a small ruined enclosure with possible internal hut circle

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/74
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

D-shaped feature shown on 19th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 4277-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1977, SX66SW2 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV155388.

Enclosure; very poor and fragmentary. (1950)
An irregular enclosure 25.0 meters by 20.0 meters on a gentle well-drained east-facing slope. Turf-covered walling 1.0 – 2.0 meters wide in a very ruinous condition. No trace of settlement or cultivation within the enclosed area. (1977)

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 69-70 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Small pound with a single hut circle measuring 2.7 meters on its south western boundary. May be associated with an isolated hut circle approximately 150 meters to the south. Other details: Map 55, 3.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Enclosure shown on survey.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A prehistoric enclosure on the lower western slopes of the River Erme. The low turf-covered stony bank of the perimeter is spread up to 3 metres but stands to less than 0.5 metres high. The enclosure is incomplete on the southern side though the area can be estimated at 0.4 hectares. A hut circle recorded by Butler could not be found though the vegetation covering of Molina grass is now very dense.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Oval feature shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4277-8.
SDV155388Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1977. SX66SW2. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 69-70.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #124964 ]
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV4236Related to: Enclosure and hut circles on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV28119Related to: Possible hut circle on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4309Related to: Stall Moor long stone row, Cornwood, Harford and Lydford Parishes (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Mar 30 2020 2:23PM