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HER Number:MDV4336
Name:Prehistoric settlement north of Tristis Rocks, Harford

Summary

Oval enclosure, 30 metres north-south by 20 metres transversely with a double-faced orthostatic wall 1.5 metres wide in poor condition. It contains a circular house platform, 5.0 metres in diameter, of which only fragments of walling remain. There are three freestanding hut circles some 30 metres north-west of the enclosure.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 638 602
Map Sheet:SX66SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of Bronze Age settlement and field system on Burford Down comprising several enclosures and hut circles within field system overlain with later lynchets
  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of Bronze Age settlement and field system on Burford Down comprising several enclosures and hut circles within field system overlain with later lynchets

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX66SW58
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/77
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/77/1
  • Pastscape: 442348
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Late Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 3000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1948, RAF/CPE/UK/2494, 4073-4072 (Aerial Photograph). SDV147533.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX66SW58 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV155346.

(28/03/1950) A small enclosure containing a hut circle 6m diameter, and three hut circles situated to the north and north-west of the enclosure, diameter 8m, 5m, 5m. There are remains of other huts in the vicinity but they are in very poor condition.

National Monument Record, 1976, NMR SX6360/2, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155350.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX66SW58 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV155447.

(01/08/1977) At SX 6385 6021 is an oval enclosure, 30 metres north to south by 20 metres transversely and covering 0.05 hectares with a double-faced orthostatic wall 1.5 metres wide and in poor condition. It contains a circular house platform, 5.0 metres in diameter, of which only fragments of walling remain.
There are three free standing, Type 2 hut circles, average internal diameter 5.6 metres, with walls 1.1 metres wide, and in very poor condition, set into the hillside, some 30 metres north-west of the enclosure. One of the huts has a south facing entrance and is possibly linked by a wall to another hut. There is no evidence of cultivation, but the area is covered by gorse which makes observation difficult.
A second enclosure has been noted by the County Sites and Monument Record at SX63876022. An additional hut circle has been noted at SX63796025.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist (Worksheet). SDV149931.

(18/04/1979) About 70m north of the outcrop "Tristis Rock" on north facing slope. The ground is rough pasture and gorse. The oval enclosure is c.30m north-south by 20m east-west. The wall on the south-west is double with stones standing to a height of c.0.70m. The rest of the wall is not so clear, but its width appears to be c.1.0m - 1.5m wide. Part of the south and north-east walls are missing. A hut circle terraced into the south wall is fragmentary with possible diameter 5m - 6m. A hut circle outside the north wall is turf covered stones with only 3 or 4 stones showing; diameter c.4.0m internal. Two hut circles north west of the enclosure are terraced into the hillside on the south. One has an internal diameter 7.5m with an orthostat at the south east, five stones in all standing above the top level of the wall bank. The other hut circle has an internal diameter c.4.0m and there is a large gorse bush in the south side where the hut circle cuts into the hillside. An earth and stone bank, in places c.0.7m high and 1.0m wide runs from the west side of the hut group down the slope north where it fades out towards the wall of the modern newtake. About 100m north of the hut group and west of the bank there is a terraced area diameter 4.0m bounded by a rim of turf covered stones on an east facing slope. This could be the remains of another hut circle.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Ovoid enclosure is visible on the aerial photographs contaning one hut circle and with those attached huts in its north-east wall.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 38-9, Map 54, Figure 54.1 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Oval enclosure with a cross wall at 'Tristis Rock'. The wall is best preserved opposite Hut Circle '1' where is was originally 1.7 metres thick.

Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Considered under the Monument Protection Programme by previous Monument Protection Programme Advisor, who did not propose it for scheduling.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

Oval enclosure with a central hut circle shown on modern mapping.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV147533Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1948. RAF/CPE/UK/2494. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4073-4072.
SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital.
SDV155346Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX66SW58. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV155350Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. NMR SX6360/2. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV155447Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX66SW58. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 38-9, Map 54, Figure 54.1.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #127870 ]
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV129477Parent of: Hut circle within prehistoric settlement north of Tristis Rocks, Harford (Monument)
MDV27908Related to: Field banks on Burford Down, Harford (Monument)
MDV4258Related to: Tristis Rock cairn circle and cist on Burford Down, Harford (Monument)
MDV27906Related to: Two hut circles and associated bank north of Tristis Rock, Harford (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Dec 18 2020 1:45PM