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HER Number:MDV43368
Name:Lynchets at Combefishacre, Ipplepen

Summary

A series of parallel linear and curvilinear earthwork banks interpreted as evidence of medieval lynchets are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, at Combefishacre, Ipplepen.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 844 651
Map Sheet:SX86NW
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishIpplepen
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishIPPLEPEN

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX86NW/279

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))
  • STRIP LYNCHET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV285404.

Pye, a. R. + simpson, s. J. + pearson, t. /archaeological recording on the fishacre to ashcombe gas pipeline,south devon,1989/(1989)/(emafu report 89.18) 10/figs 13-15;pl 7.


PYE ET AL, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV7766.

1989 watching brief by emafu on corridor of gas pipeline located a medieval field system at combefishacre. Consists of a series of lynchets located off the pipeline on the n slopes of a small valley. They survive in 2 fields of rough pasture (os 5399/5605 and 6218), the boundary between which utilises 2 of them. There are also earthworks of a rectangular sloping enclosure or field visible immediately to the n (pye et al).


Devon County Council, 1838-1848, Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848 (Cartographic). SDV349431.

A number of the earthworks correspond with linear features in this location.


Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5072-73 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

Linear and curvilinear earthwork banks are visible.


Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX8464; SX8465 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Linear and curvilinear earthwork banks are visible.


Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2018-2019, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley (Interpretation). SDV361305.

Parallel linear and curvilinear earthwork banks, between 5-23m wide, are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on digital images derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017, at Combefishacre, Ipplepen. The earthworks broadly follow the contours of a prominent ridge which slopes steeply to the southeast, southwest and northwest. They are in keeping with the historic field patterns depicted in this location on the mid-19th century Parish Tithe Map which is characterised as medieval enclosures based on strip fields and a number of the earthworks correspond with field boundaries shown on this map. Their character and topographic setting supports the interpretation that they represent the remains of medieval lynchets which define a series of narrow and rectilinear shaped terraces and which have partly been incorporated into the historic field system.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV285404Migrated Record:
SDV349431Cartographic: Devon County Council. 1838-1848. Tithe Mosaic, approximately 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Map. Digital.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp2 5072-73 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361305Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2018-2019. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 1, Haldon Ridge to Dart Valley. Historic England Research Report. Digital.
Linked documents:1
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX8464; SX8465 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #112775 ]
SDV7766Migrated Record: PYE ET AL.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7515 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey (Ref: ACD1748)

Date Last Edited:Aug 6 2018 2:24PM