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HER Number:MDV43443
Name:Hut circle in reave system west of Saddlesborough

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an oval hollow or terrace enclosed by a roughly circular earthwork bank, on the north-west facing slopes of Shaugh Moor. The hut circle is identifiable as an earthwork bank under scrub vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1964 and remains clearly visible as a subtle earthwork on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 49
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/318
  • Old SAM County Ref: 431
  • Pastscape: 439248

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0381-0382 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A curvilinear bank is visible as an earthwork.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 90 map (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

National Monuments Record, 1978, NMR SX5563, 3/223 (Aerial Photograph). SDV152488.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150218.

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 59 60 fig 6 (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

House "C". An arc of four slabs up to 1.0 metre high. Would have been around 8.0 metres in diameter. Reave (SX56SE-115) robbed in this area, perhaps for construction of huts.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Depicted in project; visible on 1878 aerial photograph.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, fig 48.4 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Depicted by Butler (hut 3).

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 02/12/1997) Centred at SX 5542 6338. A row of four hut circles situated on a west-facing hillslope in moorland lie between 258 metres and 267 metres above OD. Three of the huts which occur within the parallel reave system (SX 56 SE 78) almost certainly pre-date it as does the fourth hut which lies in isolation beyond the terminal reave.
SX 5541 6339. The remains of a hut circle are visible as a level stance located at the angle of two reaves. It survives as a ring of irregularly spaced boulders and slabs of 5.0 metres in overall diameter and on average 0.4 metres high. The interior is slightly raised. The entrance though not visible may have been in the south or west quadrants.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A curvilinear bank is visible as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A curvilinear bank is visible as an earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on the aerial photography.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM19 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 03/08/2019. Clearly visible in the landscape with low level bracken growing around the raised ground around the circle. The associated reaves are in good condition, clear and distinct in the landscape. The site is lightly visited by walkers and grazed by animals. The site is stable. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM19 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 03/08/2019. Photo taken looking north giving an overall view of the hut circle

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A bank up to circa 1.5m wide is visible as an oval earthwork under scrub vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1964, enclosing a roughly circular hollow or terrace up to circa 5m in diameter, south-west of the junction of two reave earthworks on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as the remains of a hut circle of Bronze Age date that probably predates the adjacent reave earthwork.
The bank and hollow remain visible as earthworks on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 to 2016.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. fig 48.4.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 59 60 fig 6.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 90 map.
SDV150218Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV152488Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1978. NMR SX5563. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3/223.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM19.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0381-0382 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM19.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 03-MAY-2007. [Mapped feature: #123408 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV2527Related to: Flint scatter from Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV43445Related to: Hut circle on Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2575Related to: Hut circle west of Saddlesborough (Monument)
MDV2573Related to: Saddlesborough Reave, Shaugh Moor and Shaden moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2019 4:42PM